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STUDY AND

IMPLEMENTATION OF
PROJECT
LEB 20203
Portable Solar Generator
Prepared by:
Abdul Azim Bin Nasaruddin
Muhammad Farizal Bin Jaafar
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Introduction
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Problem Statement
Most solar panel are installed directly to
the roof of houses and the cost is high
Not be able to uninstall the solar panel
to their new place
Usually use petrol powered generator
that causes noise and smokes
Older type of generator emits high noise
and carbon
Rural area does not have electricity


3
Main Objective
To study on solar energy
To design and build a portable solar
generator
To generate output of 240V

4
Project Background
Portable solar generator are solar energy
system
Solar energy can be used all over
Malaysia because Malaysia received
sunlight every day
Usage of portable renewable energy is
cost saving

5
Expected Outcome
From this project, we expect that:
The output of the generator is 240V
The solar generator is portable
This project will be useful for outdoor
activities and rural area
Save cost on generating electricity
Save the environment and reduce
pollution
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Literature Review
Name Petrol Generator Portable Solar
Generator
Portable Solar
Generator
Image
Output Voltage 1 x 110V , 1 x 240V 12V to 110V 240V
Output Power 2.5 ~ 2.8KW 140W 500W
Fuel Petrol Solar Solar
Weight 42Kg 2.2Kg 20Kg
Cost 199.99 US $459.99 RM520
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Methodology
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Operation
Block Diagram
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Flow Chart
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Project Schedule
Gantt Chart
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Solar Panel
Maximum Power (P
max
) 20W
Max-Power Voltage (V
mp
) 18V
Max-power Current (I
mp
) 1.11A
Open-circuit voltage (V
oc
) 21.5V
Short-circuit current (I
sc
) 1.17A
Operating Temperature -40~+85 C
Maximum Series Fuse Rating 5A
Maximum System Voltage 600Vdc
Power Tolerance 0~+5%
Electrical Specification
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Type of Cell Monocrystalline
Dimension 480 x 350 x 25 mm
Weight 2.3kg
Front Glass 3.2mm tampered glass
Frame Anodized Aluminum Alloy
Junction Box IP65 rated
Mechanical Specification
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Battery
Type Lead Acid
Voltage 12V
Capacity 17.0 AH
Terminal type T3/T8
Size (L) 166cm x (W) 175cm x (H) 125cm
Weight 8.0 kg
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Circuit of Charge Controller
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Circuit of Inverter
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Design
Isometric View
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Measurement In Millimeter (mm)
Side View
18
Measurement In Millimeter (mm)
Top View
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Measurement In Millimeter (mm)
Bil of Material
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Simulation
Video Simulation
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Costing
Item Quantity Price(RM)
Monocrystalline Solar Panel 1 175
Solar Charge Controller 1 40
Sealed Lead Acid Battery 1 160
Inverter 500W 1 145
Total 520
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Discussion
The inverter input voltage is larger than
12Volts DC and the output voltage
produce from inverter 240Volts AC
The result while a little ripple voltage is
occurred at the inverter output
Ripple voltage can be reduced by:
Increasing switching frequency
Increasing inductor size
Increasing capacitor size
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Recommendation
For the recommendation we suggest to add solar tracker
system:
Solar tracker system is used to increase the efficiency
of the collection process by solar cell
Using the LDR sensor and program such as
microcontroller to drive the DC motor
LDR sensor is used to detect the light or radiance and
tilt motor will react accordingly when they receive
light or radiance

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Conclusion
Portable solar generator can be built to meet the
specified requirement
Output of the generator of 240V achieved by using
the inverter circuit that have been studied
Designed and build to be portable and light weight to
be carried easily by one person
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