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CHAPTER 25

WELDING REPRESENTATION
25.1IMPORTANCE OF THE DRAWING
Welding is used very extensively and for
large variety of purposes. It is essential to
show accurate method of welding on
working drawing.

To provide complete weld information on
the drawing, a system of welding symbols
was developed by ANSI.

25.2 WELDING PROCESSES
Three welding processes

Gas welding (Oxyacetylene welding)

Electric arc welding (Arc welding)

Electric resistance welding (Resistance
welding)
25.3 TYPS OF WELD JOINTS
There are five basic types of weld joints.

But joint
Corner joint
T joint
Over lap joint
Edge joint
25.4 TYPES OF WEELD
Four basic types of arc and Gas weld.

Back or backing
Fillet
Plug or spot
Groove


25.5 WELDING SYMBOLS
Note that for all fillet or groove symbols, the vertical
side of the symbol is always drawn on the left.
A COMPLETE WELD SYMBOL
WELD PROCESS
If no reference is
indicated in the
symbol, the tail is
omitted.
Welds extending completely around a
joint are indicated by an open circle
around the elbow of the arrow.
FIELD WELD
Spot, seam, flash, or upset symbols usually do not
have arrow side or other side significance and are
simply centered on the reference line of the arrow.
BEVEL OR J-GROOVE WELD
FILLET WELD
C=chipping, G=grinding, M=machining, R=rolling
H=hammering
For only letter, no finishing
For finishing, show finish symbol as well.
25.7 GROOVE WELD
The depth of the V, J or U weld is the size.
A general note may also be used as
ALL V-GROOVE WELDS TO HAVE 60
0
ANGLE UNLESS
OTHERWISE SHOWN
Root penetration and angle shown vertically.

When groove welds are to be
approximately flush without finishing,
the flush contour symbol is added.
If the welds are to be machined, the
flush contour symbol and standard
finish symbol are shown.
25.8 BACK OR BACKING WELD
25.9 SURFACE WELD
Show the deposit of the weld at left side of the
symbol.
Since used for build up the surfaces not for joint, no
arrow or other side, symbol always below.
25.10 PLUG OR SLOT WELD
A hole or slot is made in one member to receive the weld.
Size is the smallest diameter of the plug hole.
Dimension for the slot weld on drawing as in (f).
Plug weld is to filled the full depth. If no then depth
is indicated inside symbol.

25.11 SPOT WELD
The size of the spot weld is its diameter.
May have or may not have arrow side or other side
significance.
25.12 SEAM WELDING
May have or may not have arrow side or other side
significance.
The size of the seam weld is width.