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AP Multiple Choice Questions

1750 1914

The first successful revolution in the
Caribbean and outh A!erica "as
launched in#
a$ %aiti
b$ Ar&entina
c$ Cuba
d$ Colo!bia
e$ 'a!aica

Ans"er# A

(n the nineteenth centur)* "o!en+s use of
bound feet ,China$* "hite face paint
,'apan$* and corsets ,-estern .urope$
are e/a!ples of "hich of the follo"in&0
a$ Practices that inhibit fe!ale activities
b$ The beaut) of !iddle1class "o!en
c$ 2ashions that spread "orld"ide
d$ The !iddle class+ settin& the fashion for
"o!en
e$ -o!en+s participation in the "or3force

Ans"er# A

4./traterritorialit)5 can best be described
as "hich of the follo"in&0
a$ ./e!ption of forei&ners fro! the la"s of
the countr) in "hich the) live
b$ ./pansion of a countr)+s international
borders to natural boundaries6
c$ ./tension of dual citi7enship to
i!!i&rants
d$ Ac8uisition of ne" colonies or territories
e$ .stablish!ent of a &overn!ent in e/ile6

Ans"er# A

-hich of the follo"in& best e/plains "h) 'apan
"as !ore successful than China in resistin&
i!perialist encroach!ents in the nineteenth
centur)0
a$ 'apan+s !anipulation of the rivalries a!on&
"estern &overn!ents
b$ The introduction of de!ocrac) b) the Mei9i
:estoration
c$ The "illin&ness of 'apan+s elite to sponsor
refor!
d$ ;ac3 of interest in 'apanese !ar3ets
e$ Abundant natural resources

Ans"er# C

-hich of the follo"in& facilitated .uropean
e/pansion in Asia in the nineteenth centur)0
a$ The popularit) of de!ocratic values a!on&
Asians
b$ A &eneral easin& of tensions and cooperative
e/peditions a!on& .uropean po"ers6
c$ .urope+s develop!ent of ne" !ilitar)
technolo&ies
d$ Asians+ lac3 of resistance to .uropean diseases
e$ .urope+s abilit) to send nu!ericall) superior
ar!ies to Asia

Ans"er# C

-hich of the follo"in& describes the !a9or
i!pact of the introduction of coffee &ro"in& in
places li3e <en)a and .l alvador after 1==00
a$ The end of ta/es paid to the &overn!ent
b$ The "ea3enin& of the .uropean colonial
!ilitar) and lando"nin& elite
c$ Access to cheaper food for Africans and ;atin
A!ericans
d$ (ncreased control over the land b) Africans and
;atin A!ericans
e$ >reater dependence on forei&n !ar3ets b)
Africans and ;atin A!ericans

Ans"er# .

-hich of the follo"in& is an accurate description of
relations bet"een .uropean states and the ?tto!an
.!pire in the period 1=15 to 19140
a$ The ?tto!ans "ere e/pandin& at the e/pense of
:ussia* .n&land and 2rance
b$ :ussian* .n&lish and 2rench e/pansion ca!e at the
e/pense of the ?tto!ans6
c$ The ?tto!ans* in alliance "ith the :ussians* .n&lish
and 2rench* sou&ht to i!pede >er!an unification6
d$ The ?tto!ans supported nationalis! in the @al3ans to
destabili7e .urope6
e$ The ?tto!ans and the 2rench cooperated in coloni7in&
Aorth Africa6

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& is true of both :ussia
and 'apan b) 19140
a$ @oth "ere characteri7ed b) a hi&h de&ree of
ethnic ho!o&eneit)6
b$ @oth had effective de!ocratic institutions that
restrained the po"er of the !onarchs6
c$ @oth had lo" rates of literac)
d$ Mar/is! had beco!e a stron& influence
a!on& urban "or3ers in both countries6
e$ :apid* state1sponsored industriali7ation had
occurred in both countries6

Ans"er# .

Burin& the nineteenth centur)* Asian and
African rulers usuall) desired transfer of
"hich of the follo"in& "estern
technolo&ies0
a$ Medicines
b$ -eapons
c$ Aavi&ational instru!ents
d$ Te/tile !anufacturin& e8uip!ent
e$ Che!ical fertili7ers

Ans"er# @

(n the nineteenth centur)* the ?tto!an
and Austro1%un&arian e!pires "ere t"o
e/a!ples of#
a$ Aationalistic e!pires
b$ :epublican e!pires
c$ Colonial e!pires
d$ Multi1national e!pires
e$ Aation1states

Ans"er# B

-hich of the follo"in& "as a!on& the first
results of the .uropean (ndustrial :evolution in
other parts of the "orld0
a$ The be&innin& of the transatlantic slave trade
b$ (ncreased de!and for co!!odities such as
cotton and pal! oil
c$ The search for oil in Africa* Asia and ;atin
A!erica
d$ Construction of te/tile factories in Africa and
Asia
e$ The partition of Africa b) .uropean i!perial
po"ers6

Ans"er# @

(n the nineteenth centur)* ;atin A!erican
urban d"ellers "ere !ost si!ilar to
"estern .uropean urban d"ellers in
"hich of the follo"in& areas0
a$ ;iterac) and cultural tastes
b$ .thnic and racial co!position
c$ ./port and i!port patterns
d$ tandards of livin&
e$ ;evels of literac)

Ans"er# A

-hich of the follo"in& countries
practiced indirect rule in &overnin& its
colonies in Africa0
a$ Portu&al
b$ 2rance
c$ >er!an)
d$ >reat @ritain
e$ @el&iu!

Ans"er# B

-estern .uropean forei&n polic) in the
late 1=00s "as characteri7ed b)#
a$ Pan1lavis!* colonialis!* and an ar!s
race
b$ BCtente* colonialis!* and an ar!s race
c$ (!perialis!* !ilitaris!* and deterrence
d$ An ar!s race* i!perialis!* and a series
of alliances
e$ Contain!ent* dCtente* and the do!ino
theor)

Ans"er# B

-hich of the follo"in& reflected the livin&
conditions of the (ndustrial :evolution0
a$ (nitial housin& "as 8uite co!fortable for
i!!i&rants
b$ cri!e able to spread relativel) unchec3ed in
densel) populated areas
c$ factories closed in the "inter ti!e creatin&
free ti!e for factor) laborers
d$ health care prevented spread of disease in
tene!ents
e$ the bour&eoisie and proletariat fre8uentl)
shared housin& because that+s 9ust the nice thin&
to do

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& "as a social effect of the
(ndustrial :evolution0
a$ birth of the proletariat o"ners "ho control
labor
b$ !iddle class prevented fro! o"nin&
a&riculture
c$ !an beco!es part of !achine instead of
controllin& !achine
d$ on the asse!bl) line* independent thou&ht
encoura&ed
e$ pace of "or3 slo"s do"n &ivin& individual
"or3ers !ore control over pace of labor

Ans"er# C

-hich of the follo"in& best describes 4@anana
:epublics50
a$ one crop "as prioriti7ed at the e/pense of
developin& additional crops and creatin& a
co!ple/ econo!)
b$ parlia!entar) buildin&s created in a crescent
shape to sti!ulate active discussion
c$ tropical re&ions that lived on bananas as a
staple product
d$ business!en and industrialists "ere unable to
stri3e deals "ith local aristocrats and politicians
e$ "ealth created spreads to entire population

Ans"er# A

-hat "as the first !a9or trade to be full)
po"er1driven and industriali7ed0
a$ the cannin& of food
b$ the te/tile industr)
c$ the production of rubber
d$ the !anufacture of &lass
e$ the leather"or3in& trade

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& "as not an
econo!ic advanta&e en9o)ed b) @ritain in
the ei&hteenth centur)0
A$ abundant and accessible coal deposits
@$ local sources of ra" cotton
C$ abundant s3illed and uns3illed labor
B$ access to "ater transportation
.$ sources of capital for invest!ent

Ans"er# @

(!prove!ents in transportation* such as
the railroads and stea!ships*
A$ lo"ered transportation costs
@$ lin3ed industrial centers "ith overseas
resources
C$ inte&rated ne" states such as >er!an)
B$ facilitated deliver) of !anufactured
products to consu!ers
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# .

2ro! the perspective of the "or3er* the
factor) s)ste! !eant
A$ better "or3in& conditions than
piece"or3 done at ho!e
@$ better pa) for s3illed "or3
C$ &reater opportunities for advance!ent
"ithin a free !ar3et s)ste!
B$ harsh discipline and close supervision
.$ an opportunit) to fa!ilies to "or3
to&ether

Ans"er# B

2ro! the perspective of the consu!er* the
factor) s)ste! !eant
A$ cheaper !anufactured &oods
@$ hi&her 8ualit) !anufactured &oods
C$ fe"er choices in !anufactured &oods
B$ !anufactured &oods priced be)ond the
!eans of !an) consu!ers
.$ acute shorta&es of !an) !anufactured
ite!s

Ans"er# A

The .nli&hten!ent "as the intellectual
!ove!ent in "hich
A$ the !ethods and 8uestions of the cientific
:evolution "ere applied to hu!an societ)6
@$ the !ethods and 8uestions of the Confucian
e/a!ination s)ste! "ere applied to societ)
C$ the !ethods and ideolo&) of the Protestant
:efor!ation "ere applied to societ)
B$ the ideas of the :enaissance "ere applied to
societ)
.$ the ideas of the absolutist rulers "ere applied
to societ)

Ans"er# A

-hich of the follo"in& could be
considered an e/pression of enli&htened
ideas about &overn!ent0
A$ the ta!p Act of 170=
@$ the Quarterin& Act
C$ the Beclaration of (ndependence
B$ the Co!!ittee of Public afet)
.$ the Con&ress of Dienna

Ans"er# C

The A!erican colonists "on their bid for
independence pri!aril) because
A$ the) had superior &enerals
@$ the) "ere united in the cause of
freedo!
C$ colonial !ilitias "ere !ore disciplined
and better !ar3s!en than @ritish troops
"ere
B$ the 2rench and the Butch decided to
support the! a&ainst the @ritish
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# B

-hich of the follo"in& "as NOT one of the
causes of the 2rench :evolution of 17=90
A$ a sta&&erin& national debt
@$ accusation of treason a&ainst ;ouis ED(
C$ resent!ent at the privile&es of the
aristocrac)
B$ the e/trava&ance of Marie Antoinette
and the court at Dersailles
.$ the opportunit) presented b) the
su!!onin& of the .states >eneral

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& "as NOT acco!plished b)
the ne" 2rench constitution0
A$ (t abolished the nobilit) as a hereditar) class
@$ (t put peasants in control of the &overn!ent
C$ (t dra!aticall) li!ited the po"er of the
!onarch)
B$ (t instituted econo!ic refor!s
.$ (t !ade priests elected officials on state pa)rolls

Ans"er# @

Aapoleon beca!e .urope+s first popular
dictator because he
A$ threatened to overpo"er the 2rench
people
@$ "as needed since 2rance "as
occupied b) forei&n ar!ies
C$ held the pro!ise of a ne" 2rench
e!pire
B$ pro!ised order to an e/hausted societ)
.$ "as stri3in&l) tall and handso!e

Ans"er# B

-ho "as 2ranFois Bo!ini8ue Toussaint
;+?uverture0
A$ the leader of a slave revolt in aint Bo!in&ue
@$ the Caribbean dele&ate to the 2rench
:evolutionar) council
C$ the &reat i!pressionist painter of the 2rench
:evolution
B$ the son of :obespierre and the .!press
'osephine
.$ the 2rench >eneral "ho crushed the slave
revolt in aint Bo!in&ue

Ans"er# A

The revolutions of 1=4= "ere "idespread
across .urope and "ere inspired b)
A$ the establish!ent of per!anent
de!ocrac) in the %ol) :o!an .!pire
@$ the desire for de!ocratic refor!s and
national self1deter!ination
C$ the installation of ;ouis Philippe as
e!peror of the %ol) :o!an .!pire
B$ the de!and that "o!en be &ranted the
ri&ht to vote
.$ >il cott1%eron+s fa!ous poe!

Ans"er# @

(n leadin& the revolutions of outh
A!erica* i!on @olivar advocated
A$ that panish colonial rule be replaced
"ith an indi&enous !onarch)
@$ that ethnic nationalis! be the basis of
the ne" states
C$ the popular soverei&nt)
B$ the abolition of slaver) and full !ale
suffra&e
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# C

:evolutions in ;atin A!erica "ere
fre8uentl) a po"er stru&&le bet"een "hat
t"o &roups0
A$ !asters and slaves
@$ peninsulares and creoles
C$ .uropean and indi&enous peoples
B$ .uropeans and !esti7os
.$ colonial !ilitias and .uropean
!ercenaries

Ans"er# @

(n ;atin A!erica* leaders "ho "ere called
caudillos
A$ "ere those !ost s)!pathetic to the old
re&i!es
@$ ruled "ithout the cooperation of the
church
C$ "ere personalist leaders "ho held
po"er "ithout constitutional sanction
B$ "ere chosen b) popular election
.$ "ere the sons of rich industrialists

Ans"er# C

The lar&est nu!bers of ne" arrivals in the
A!ericas durin& the colonial period "ere
A$ @ritish
@$ African
C$ (rish
B$ panish
.$ Portu&uese

Ans"er# @

Burin& the nineteenth century* the
!a9orit) of i!!i&rants to the -estern
%e!isphere "ere fro!
A$ Asia
@$ Africa
C$ .urope
B$ Australia
.$ the Middle .ast

Ans"er# C

A political conservative in the nineteenth
centur) "ould be li3el) to advocate
A$ the restoration of the 2rench !onarch)
after the defeat of Aapoleon
@$ li!itin& suffra&e to !en of propert)
C$ censorship as a reasonable !eans of
preventin& social unrest
B$ &overn!ent support of the established
church
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# .

A political liberal in the nineteenth centur)
"ould be li3el) to advocate

A$ returnin& freed slaves to Africa
@$ the confiscation of church propert) b)
the state
C$ universal suffra&e for all !en and
"o!en* re&ardless of race
B$ "ritten constitutions and representative
&overn!ent
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# B

(n response to socialist de!ands for social
and econo!ic refor!* !ost &overn!ents
A$ treated trade unions as ille&al
or&ani7ations
@$ supported business and prosecuted
stri3ers
C$ passed la"s restrictin& child labor
B$ e/tended the vote to the "or3in& class
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# .

(n their criti8ue of industrial capitalis!* <arl Mar/
and 2riedrich .n&els clai!ed that
A$ the trade union !ove!ent "ould force
industr) to accept social refor!s
@$ the !ost e8uitable and 9ust societ) could be
found in an industrial co!!une
C$ the bour&eois class needed to e/ercise
responsibilit) to"ard their "or3ers
B$ de!ocrac) had failed because !ost "or3ers
did not understand their true interestsG a
dictatorship "ould serve the! better
.$ onl) a "or3ers+ revolution "ould chan&e the
abuses of capitalis! and create a 9ust and e8ual
societ)

Ans"er# .

Population in .urope durin& the 19th centur)
A$ re!ained stead) until the 1=H0s and then
be&an to decrease steadil)
@$ "as notable for rapid overall &ro"th and a far
!ore rapid increase in cit) populations
C$ "as dra!aticall) reduced "hen the >reat
2a!ine 3illed I5J of the :ussian* (rish and
Prussian populations
B$ decreased as peasants* reassured b) fallin&
death rates* reduced the rural birth rate b) over
K0J due to their adoption of birth control
.$ "as nu!ericall) do!inated b) the landed
aristocrac)

Ans"er# @

Ada! !ithLs concept of capitalis!* presented
in The Wealth of Nations* included the idea that#
A$ !onopol) "as a natural and a positive
outco!e of capitalist activit)
@$ econo!ic decisions on price* suppl)* and
de!and should be !ade b) the free !ar3et
rather than b) &overn!ent decision
C$ althou&h econo!ic co!petition "as &ood* the
&overn!ent had to intervene fro! ti!e to ti!e to
protect the interests of societ)
B$ althou&h econo!ic co!petition "as &ood* the
education s)ste! had to teach !oral concepts
to students to cushion the i!pacts of
co!petition on societ)
.$ the &overn!ent should protect "or3ers

Ans"er# @

-hat invention revolutioni7ed
co!!unication durin& the (ndustrial
:evolution0
A$ phono&raph
@$ radar
C$ electric tele&raph
B$ batter)
.$ telephone

Ans"er# C

The I
nd
A&ricultural :evolution "as a
chan&e in far!in& !ethods and crops that
resulted in
A$ rich far!ers sharin& a&ricultural
techni8ues "ith poor far!ers
@$ rich far!ers refusin& to plant on their
lands* thereb) causin& a fa!ine
C$ rich far!ers 4enclosin&5 their lands and
poor far!ers beco!in& landless
B$ an increase in the 4t"o field !ethod5
.$ "idespread starvation

Ans"er# C

-hat does it !ean to use a 4division of labor5 in
!anufacturin&0
A$ Bividin& the "or3 force into capitalists and
co!!unists
@$ Bividin& "or3 into speciali7ed and repetitive
tas3s
C$ Msin& 4division5 as "ell as other !athe!atical
functions
B$ %avin& the "or3er !a3e the entire product
.$ Bividin& the labor unions in order to "ea3en
the!

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& is not true of urban poor
nei&hborhoods0
A$ The) "ere often filled "ith overcro"ded
tene!ents
@$ There "as an at!osphere of filth* pollution*
and se"a&e
C$ The dan&er of t)phus* s!allpo/* d)senter)*
and tuberculosis "as ver) hi&h
B$ Most poor urbanites lived in factor) o"ned
apart!ent buildin&s
.$ The houses "ere often !i/ed in "ith factories

Ans"er# B

2actor) "or3 represented a co!plete
transfor!ation fro! the nature of
a&ricultural "or3 because
A$ "or3ers felt little 9ob satisfaction
@$ "or3ers felt that the) had lost control
over their "or3
C$ the 9obs "ere repetitive* uns3illed* and
borin&
B$ industrial accidents "ere co!!on
.$ All of the above

Ans"er# .

-o!en t)picall) earned
A$ as !uch as !en
@$ one third to one half as !uch as !en
C$ ten percent of "hat !en !ade
B$ t"ice as !uch as !en
.$ nothin& as their service "as 4tenure5
service to the o"ner

Ans"er# @

Much of the industrial "or3force "as co!posed
of child labor6 Children "or3ers
A$ learned a &reat deal fro! their "or3 and "ere
able to appl) their s3ills later in life
@$ "or3ed fourteen to si/teen hours a da) and
"ere beaten to sta) a"a3e
C$ preferred "or3 to attendin& school
B$ "ere onl) per!itted b) la" to "or3 a half da)
.$ "ere educated at the co!pan)+s e/pense as
!andated b) la"

Ans"er# @

The cotton boo! enriched planters as "ell
as !anufacturers and
A$ lo"ered the de!and for "ool
@$ lo"ered the de!and for sil3
C$ !ade !an) sharecroppers rich
B$ created a hi&h de!and for !ulch
.$ created a hi&h de!and for slaves

Ans"er# .

The role of the !iddle1class "o!an
beca!e !ana&e!ent of the ho!e*
children* and servants* other"ise 3no"n
as
A$ the 4factor) at ho!e5
@$ the 4fe!ale "orld of ho!e5
C$ 4ho!e* s"eet* ho!e5
B$ 4children* 3itchen and church5
.$ the 4cult of do!esticit)5

Ans"er# .

Tho!as Malthus+s e/planation of "or3ers+
!isfortunes "as that
A$ population "as out&ro"in& the food
suppl)
@$ "or3ers "ere i!!oral and destined to
fail
C$ the "ea3 "ould perish and the stron&
"ould survive
B$ "or3ers needed to "or3 harder and
lon&er hours
.$ the &overn!ent "as uncarin&

Ans"er# A

(ndia had do!inated the "orld+s cotton
te/tile !anufacturin& for centuries* but
"hen .n&land i!ported cheap te/tiles into
(ndia*
A$ .n&land+s te/tile industr) collapsed
@$ .n&lish "or3ers rioted due to perceived
(ndian favoritis!
C$ (ndian te/tile "or3ers had !ore leisure
ti!e
B$ (ndian te/tile "or3ers lost their 9obs
.$ (ndian te/tile industr) 4boo!ed5

Ans"er# B

-hich ideolo&) 8uestioned the sanctit) of
private propert)0
A$ capitalis!
@$ socialis!
C$ !anichaeis!
B$ !ercantilis!
.$ liberalis!

Ans"er# @

@is!arc3+s plan to unite !ost >er!an1
spea3in& people into a sin&le state "as
centered on usin&
A$ liberalis! and lan&ua&e
@$ industr) and nationalis!
C$ reli&ion and conservatis!
B$ ethnicit) and race
.$ de!ocrac) and liberalis!

Ans"er# @

;eaders of Mei9i 'apan planned to re!ain
free fro! -estern i!perialis! b)
A$ ne&otiatin& "ith -estern diplo!ats
@$ restrictin& -estern access to 'apan
C$ 3eepin& out all forei&n influences
B$ beco!in& a "orld1class industrial
po"er
.$ usin& propa&anda to !a3e 'apanese
people hostile to -esterners

Ans"er# B

The Mei9i transfor!ed the &overn!ent and
incorporated
A$ .uropean practices in &overn!ent*
education* industr)* and popular culture
@$ Chinese practices in &overn!ent*
education* industr)* and popular culture
C$ <orean practices in &overn!ent*
education* industr)* and popular culture
B$ :ussian practices in &overn!ent*
education* industr)* and popular culture
.$ onl) 'apanese practices

Ans"er# A

A &roup of refor!ers "ho created
societies that "ould create happiness
throu&h thou&htful plannin& and re&ulation
"ere
A$ utopian socialists
@$ Mar/ists
C$ Co!!unists
B$ 'acobin Club
.$ "o!en suffra&ettes

Ans"er# A

-hich of the follo"in& best su!!ari7es the refor!
!ove!ents of the (ndustrial :evolution0
A$ capitalis! should not be chec3ed b) &overn!ent
intervention
@$ refor! !ore possible in :ussia than in the Mnited tates
due to autocratic structure
C$ parlia!ents started passin& la"s that li!ited hours* child
labor and "orsenin& "or3in& conditions
B$ factor) o"ners al!ost al"a)s !ade chan&es because
the) reali7ed a happ)* health)* "ell1paid "or3 force could be
!ore productive
.$ the nu!ber of people "ith influence aristocrac) and
!iddle class increased pressurin& the &overn!ent to act
on behalf of the "or3ers

Ans"er# C

The Con&ress of Dienna
A$ 3ept relative peace in .urope for a
centur)
@$ created radical chan&es in the
&overn!ental structure of .urope
C$ "as led b) 2rench!en :ousseau
B$ created 2rance and @ritish as do!inant
nations
.$ occurred in >er!an)

Ans"er# A

(n China* a Nsphere of influenceN "as
A$ a cit) desi&nated for trade bet"een Chinese
and .uropean !erchants
@$ a Christian !ission "here Chinese converts
could live free of state persecution
C$ a district in "hich a forei&n po"er had
e/clusive trade* transportation* and !ineral
ri&hts
B$ a tributar) state be)ond the borders of the
e!pire that paid ta/es to the Qin& d)nast) in
e/chan&e for protection
.$ a state1sponsored acade!) based on
.uropean science

Ans"er# C

At the end of the nineteenth centur)* the
?tto!an .!pire* :ussian .!pire* Qin&
B)nast)* and To3u&a"a 'apan "ere Nsocieties at
crossroadsN because
A$ the) "ere all dealin& "ith the challen&es of
rapid industriali7ation
@$ the) discovered throu&h "ars and
confrontations that the) "ere !ilitaril) !uch
"ea3er than the "estern po"ers
C$ the) "ere all forced to &rant e8ual ri&hts and
political freedo! to their people
B$ the) "ere all co!petin& for the sa!e colonies
and resources
.$ all of the above

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& "as not an econo!ic
!otivation for i!perialis!0
A$ Cheap ra" !aterials fro! overseas colonies
"ere needed to sustain industriali7ation
@$ ?verseas colonies offered !ar3ets for
!anufactured &oods
C$ ?verseas colonies offered a haven for the
settle!ent of surplus populations
B$ .uropean and A!erican industr) needed
!ore sources of coal
.$ All "ere econo!ic !otives for i!perialis!

Ans"er# B

The 4"hite !an+s burden5 proposed b)
:ud)ard <iplin& refers to
A$ the cost of creatin& and supportin& an
e!pire
@$ the !oral dut) of the "est to "or3 to
4civili7e5 the rest of the "orld
C$ the cost of abolishin& slaver) in Africa
B$ the need for Christian !issionaries to
under!ine (sla! in Africa and Asia
.$ All of the above

Ans"er# @

The @erlin Conference in 1==41==5
established
A$ the procedures for purchasin& African lands
fro! local rulers
@$ the rules of !ilitar) en&a&e!ent for .uropean
forces overseas
C$ that the A!ericas "ere off1li!its for further
.uropean coloni7ation
B$ that Africa "ould be carved into spheres of
influence si!ilar to China
.$ that* if a .uropean po"er indicated its
intention to coloni7e and then proceeded to
occup) an African territor)* it could clai! that
colon)

Ans"er# .

A risin& non1"estern nation that avoided
colonial sub9u&ation b) pursuin& a
concerted strate&) of political and
econo!ic refor! "as
A$ ;iberia
@$ .thiopia
C$ Af&hanistan
B$ 'apan
.$ Persia

Ans"er# B

>enerall) spea3in&* .uropean colonialis! "as
A$ a process that ai!ed to help the colonial
peoples as !uch as possible
@$ lar&el) e/ploitation* usuall) acco!panied b)
condescension6
C$ i!ple!ented in a fashion that enabled all
involved to reap the !ost benefit possible
B$ an effort to produce !utual &ro"th and
develop!ent
.$ less beneficial to the people than the ver)
different* 4people1centered5 colonial policies
follo"ed b) the Mnited tates in the Philippines
and >ua!

Ans"er# @

-hich of the follo"in& "as not a ne&ative effect
of African i!perialis! in Africa0
A$ arbitrar) borders created b) .uropean
po"ers "ould be the cause of !an) of the I0th
centur) conflicts in .urope
@$ natural resources leave re&ion benefittin&
.urope
C$ slave trade continues on -est Coast but is
discontinued on the "ahili Coast6
B$ fostered pattern of violence to obtain political
control
.$ i!peded the develop!ent of diverse
econo!ies

Ans"er# C

-hich of the follo"in& "as not a cause of
i!perialis! and colonialis!0
A$ need to !aintain bases and coal stations
around the "orld
@$ decreasin& populations forced .uropean
nations to see3 outside labor
C$ ne" "eaponr) &ave .urope a !ilitar)
advanta&e
B$ !edical advances allo"ed .uropeans to
enter continents "ithout fear of !alaria and
)ello" fever
.$ belief in racial superiorit) of the .uropeans

Ans"er# @

-h) "as the epo) :ebellion a turnin&
point in the histor) of (ndia0
A$ The @ritish "ere finall) rebuffed and
"ithdre" fro! (ndia
@$ The sepo)s successfull) pushed the
@ritish out of @en&al
C$ (ndia ca!e to be ruled directl) b) the
@ritish &overn!ent
B$ (t inspired the develop!ent of ne"
"eapons that did not re8uire &unpo"der
.$ All of these

Ans"er# C

The for!er @ritish Aorth A!erican colonies
and Australia "ere si!ilar in that
A$ both "ere considered part of @ritain in
1900
@$ the) utili7ed e/istin& local s)ste!s of
control
C$ @ritish colonists displaced indi&enous
peoples in both places
B$ the) "ere settled at about the sa!e ti!e
.$ the) both used violent revolution to
re!ove @ritish control

Ans"er# C

After @ritish slave e!ancipation in 1=H4*
ne" plantation "or3ers ca!e fro!
A$ Africa
@$ the Pacific (slands
C$ @ritish (ndia
B$ China
.$ All of these

Ans"er# .

Burin& the Cri!ean -ar* :ussia
A$ e/ploited the "ea3ness of the ?tto!an
.!pire6
@$ clai!ed to protect 'e"s in the ?tto!an
.!pire
C$ sei7ed territories in .ast Asia
B$ re!ained neutral
.$ defeated the ?tto!an .!pire once and
for all

Ans"er# A

The @ritish frustration b) the enor!ous
trade deficit "ith China led to
A$ @ritish e/port of opiu! to China
@$ repeated interventions b) the :o)al
Aav)
C$ the @ritish overthro" of the Qin&
&overn!ent
B$ a te!porar) end of trade bet"een the
t"o countries
.$ the resi&nation of the Bisraeli cabinet

Ans"er# A

A!on& the cultural !otives for .uropean
i!perialis! "as a desire to
A6 spread Christianit)
@6 abolish slaver)
C6 4civili7e5 people of the colonies b)
brin&in& the! -estern education*
!edicine* and custo!s
B6 end oppressive treat!ent of "o!en* li3e
sati
.6 all of these

Ans"er# .

2ree1trade i!perialis! in ;atin A!erica
!eant
A6 econo!ic dependence instead of direct
coloni7ation
@6 that there "ere no tariffs for &oods traded
to the Mnited tates
C6 that .uropean po"ers "ere free to be
involved there
B6 a !ilitar) build1up in ;atin A!erican
countries
.6 All of these

Ans"er# A

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