Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 14

1

Power Control Systems in Pakistan


2
System Operation
Generation Control
Switching & Operating Control
of 500 & 220 kV Network
Switching & Operating Control of 132
& 66 kV Southern Network
RCCS
(Regional Control Centre South)
Jamshoro
Switching & Operating Control of 132
& 66 kV Northern Network
RCCN
(Regional Control Centre North)
Islamabad
NCC
(National Control Centre)
3
HOW NPCC OPERATES?
Criteria to Check System Stability?
1) Frequency Limits (49.5 to 50.5 Hz)
2) Voltage (10%)
3) Switching (500kV, 220kV Switchgears)
4
4
VOLTAGE CONTROL
MVARs SHARING OF POWER STATIONS

SWITCHING OF CAPACITORS/REACTORS

TAP CHANGING OF 500/220KV & 220/132KV
TRANSFORMERS.

5
Automatic Generation Control, AGC
(Limited only to 03 Units of Tarbella P/S )

Telephone Messages to various Power Stations to
Raise/Lower the Set-points
FREQUENCY CONTROL
6
6
NPCC Operators Duties also include
LOAD FORECASTING
(through Syrup Software)
UNIT COMMITMENT
ECONOMIC DESPATCH

MANUALLY CONTROLLED PARAMETERS
AT NPCC ISLAMABAD
PARAMTERS
1. DEVICE SWITCHING
(e.g., C.Bs & Isolators)
2. OPERATION OF OLTC
(ON-Load Tap Changer)

3. LOAD FORECAST
4. HYDROLOGY
(According to Indent of IRSA)


CONSTRAINTS
1. Old & Deteriorated Devices

2. Deteriorated Tap Changers

3. Acute power Shortage

4. Required Advance
Technology

7
8
SCADA MONITORING & CONTROL
AT NPCC ISLAMABAD
ON LINE MONITORING OF POWER FLOW
(LOADING OF T/Ls, T/Fs & P/S)

STATUS OF EQUIPMENTS (C.Bs, ISOLATORs)

AGC (Automatic Generation Control)
(Limited to 03 Units of Tarbella P/S)

RELAY INDICATIONS
9
10
11
Four (4) Thermal Power Generation Companies
(GENCOs)

1. Southern Generation Power Company Limited (GENCO-
1) head quarter at Jamshoro district Dadu near
Hyderabad Sindh.
2. Central Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-2)
head quarter at Guddu district Jacobabad Sindh.
3. Northern Power Generation Company Limited
(GENCO-3) head quarters at TPS Muzaffargarh district
Muzaffargarh Punjab.
4. Lakhra Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-4)
Headquarter at WAPDA House Lahore.
THERMAL GENERATION
12


One (1) National Transmission & Power Dispatch Company
(NTDC)
Nine (9) Distribution Companies (DISCOs) as under:
1. Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO)
2. Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO)
3. Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (FESCO)
4. Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO)
5. Multan Electric Power Company (MEPCO)
6. Peshawar Electric Power Company (PESCO)
7. Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO)
8. Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO)
9. Tribal Electric Supply Company (TESCO)
13
TRANSMISSION and DISTRIBUTION
14
Source: Pakistan Energy Book 2008