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# INDEX

## Introduction to Co-ordinate Geometry

History of Co-ordinate Geometry
Co-ordinate System in a Plane
Distance Formula
Collinearity of Two Points
Circumcircle of a Triangle
Section Formula
INDEX (Continued)
Midpoint Formula
Centroid of a Triangle
Bibliography
Introduction to Co-ordinate
Geometry
Co-ordinate Geometry, is the study of
geometry using a coordinate system
and the principles of algebra and
analysis.
History of Coordinate
Geometry
Apollonius of
Perga who wrote
the book On
Determinate
Section.
Omar Khayyam,
who saw the
relation between
Geometry and
Algebra.
Rene Descartes,
who developed
Cartesian
Geometry.
Abraham de
Moivre, who also
pioneered the
development of
Coordinate
Geometry
CO-ORDINATE SYSTEM IN A
PLANE
The axes of a two-dimensional Cartesian
system divide the plane into four infinite
regions, called quadrants, each bounded by
two half-axes. They are numbered from 1st to
4th and denoted by Roman numerals I(+,+) ,
II(-,+), III(-,-) and IV(+,-).
Cartesian Co-ordinate System
DISTANCE FORMULA
The formula is derived from the Pythagoreas
Theorem. It is used by engineers in Interior
designing
It states that- Given the two points (x1, y1)
and (x2, y2), the distance between these
points is given by the formula:

d =
The Distance formula is used heavily in
Interior Designing
Collinearity Equation
The Collinearity Equation is used in photogrammetry
and remote sensing to relate coordinates in a sensor
plane (in two dimensions) to object coordinates (in
three dimensions).
Circumcircle of a triangle
A circle that passes through the
vertices of a triangle is called the
circumcircle of a triangle.
Section Formula
The Section Formula or ratio theorem states that ,
If a point p divides a directed line segment, ray
AB , in the ratio m:n , then the position vector,
p, of P, can be expressed in terms of A and B
as:
MIDPOINT FORMULA
If the coordinates of A and B are ( x1, y1) and ( x2,
y2) respectively, then the midpoint, M, of AB is given
by the following formula :
The Centroid of a triangle is where
the three medians of the triangle
intersect.
Coordinates of the Centroid
If the coordinates of the three
vertices of a triangle are known, then
the co-ordinates of Centroid are the
averages of the coordinates of the
vertices.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
www.wikipedia.org