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Vehicle Dynamics

Example Problems
Example problems
Calculate value of resistive forces
Aerodynamic
Rolling
Gravity
Power required to overcome resistive
forces

Problem 2.1
A new sports car has a drag coefficient of
0.29 and a frontal area of 20 ft
2
, and is
traveling at 100 mi/h. How much power is
required to overcome aerodynamic drag if
=0.002378 slugs/ft
3
?
Problem 2.2
A vehicle manufacturer is considering an engine for a new sedan (C
D

= 0.25, A
f
= 17 ft
2
). The car will be tested at 100 mph maximum speed
on a concrete paved surface at sea level ( = 0.002378 slugs/ft
3
).

The car currently weights 2100 lb, but the designer selected an under-
powered engine because he did not account for aerodynamic and
rolling resistances. If 2 lb of additional vehicle weight is added for
each unit of horsepower needed to overcome the neglected
resistance, what will be the final weight of the car if it is to achieve its
100 mph speed?
Balance forces
Calculate available tractive effort
Maximum tractive effort
Engine generated tractive effort
Acceleration
Calculate maximum speed
Available engine power
Resistive forces
Maximum speed
Problem 2.8
A car is traveling on a paved road with C
D
= 0.35, A
f
= 21 ft
2
, W = 3000 lb,
= 0.002378 slugs/ft
3
. Its engine is running at 3000 rpm and is
producing 250 ft-lb of torque. The cars gear reduction ratio is 3.5 to 1,
driveline efficiency is 90%, driveline slippage is 3.5%, and the road-wheel
radius is 15 inches. What will the cars maximum acceleration be under
these conditions on a level road? (assume the available tractive effort is
the engine-generated tractive effort)
Problem 2.10
A 2500-lb car has a maximum speed of
150 miles/hour with 14 inch radius wheels,
a gear reduction of 3 to 1, and a driveline
efficiency of 90%. It is known that at the
cars top speed the engine is producing
200 ft-lb of torque. If the cars frontal area
is 25 ft
2
, what is its drag coefficient?

Braking and stopping
Braking
Braking force
Brake force ratio

Theoretical stopping distance
Practical stopping distance
Driver perception/reaction

Problem 2.20
A driver is traveling at 110 miles/hour
down a 3% grade on good, wet pavement.
An accident investigation team noted that
braking skid marks started 590 ft before a
parked car was hit at an estimated 55
mi/h. Ignoring air resistance, and using
theoretical stopping distance, what was
the braking efficiency of the car?

Problem 2.23
A car is traveling at 75 mi/h down a 3% grade on
poor, wet pavement. The cars braking
efficiency is 90%. The brakes were applied 300
ft before impacting a object. The car had an
antilock braking system, but the system failed
200 ft after the brakes had been applied (wheels
locked). What speed was the car traveling at
just before it impacted the object? (Assume
theoretical stopping distance, ignore air
resistance, and let f
rl
=0.015.)