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A SEMINAR ON BHARAT PUMPS & COMPRESSORS LTD.

PRESENTED BY

AMIT SINGH ROLL.NO.

1110440006

INTRODUCTION

Bharat Pumps and compressors Ltd. (BPCL) (A Public Sector Undertaking under the control of Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Govt. of India), was set up in the year 1970 at naini, Allahabad as an import substitution unit for manufacture of sophisticated process pumps and compressors for core sector industries, which were hitherto being imported by them. The company is engaged in manufacture and supply of heavy duty pumps & compressors and high pressure seamless and CNG gas cylinders / cascades to cater the needs of oil exploration & exploitation, refineries, petro-chemicals, chemicals, fertilizer and down stream industries.

VISION : To become an Indian MNC in the field of fluid handling, Gas Compression, gas storage Equipment, services and project management

Manufacturing capabilities

Highlight of BPC’s manufacturing facilities are:

  • 1. Horizontal Borer having spindle diameter 210 mm with digital read out system.

  • 2. Honing machine having honing capacity from dia 35 mm to 770 mm and vertical traverse up to 2000 mm.

  • 3. Vertical boring machine up to table dia 2500 mm

  • 4. Jig boring machine having table size 2000 X 1000 mm and travel up to 1400 mm.

  • 5. Electrical furnace utpo size 1600x3500 mm, 1000 deg c

  • 6. Fully equipped fabrication shop having latest welding machines electrode drying ovens.

  • 7. Dynamic balancing machine up to swing dia 1300 mm and center distance 4000 mm which can accommodate

weight upto 1000 Kg.

  • 8. CNC hot spinning machine for manufacturing high pressure seamless Gas cylinder upto outside diameter 406

mm.

PUMPS INTRODUCTION

A Pump is a device that expands energy to raise ,transport ,or compress fluids-liquids and gases. The term pump is generally used For liquid handling or hand operated device ,while the term compressor is used when the pressure of gas is increased in motor driven machine. Pump is a machine intended to raise the pressure of an incompressible fluid using mechanical energy from an external source

that is a driver.

CLASSIFICATION OF PUMPS

Under the system, all pumps may be derived into two major categories.

  • 1. Dynamic

In which the energy is continuously added to increase the fluid velocities within the machine to values

in excess of those occurring at the discharge such that subsequent velocity reduction within or beyond the pump produces pressure increase. 2.Displacement In which energy is periodically added by application of force to one or more movable boundaries of any

desired no. of enclosed, fluid containing volumes, resulting in direct increase in pressure upto the value required to move the fluid through valve or ports into the discharge line .

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

The pump which work on the centrifugal action of working fluid is known as centrifugal pump. It consist fundamentally of Rotating element, called an impeller, and a casing. Liquid is led through the eye or center of the impeller and is set into rotation by the impeller vanes. By virtue of centrifugal force the liquid is thrown from the rim or periphery of the impeller With a considerable velocity and pressure. The casing, which closely surrounds the impeller, has a volute shaped passage of increasing area, which collects the liquid leaving the impeller, and converts a portion of its velocity energy into additional Pressure energy.

CLASSIFICATION OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

  • RADIAL FLOW : A centrifugal pump in which the pressure is developed wholly by the centrifugal force.

  • MIXED FLOW : A centrifugal pump in which the pressure is developed partially by centrifugal force and partially by the lift of the vanes of the impeller on the liquid.

  • AXIAL FLOW : A centrifugal pump in which the pressure is developed by the propelling or lifting action of the vanes of the impeller on the liquid.

BPC is manufacturing following different types of pumps:

  • Horizontal Radial split, Overhang design, Single & two stage

  • Horizontal Radial split, both end supported, Single & two stage

  • Horizontal Axial split, Single & two stage

  • Horizontal Axial split, Multi stage

  • Horizontal Slurry pump

  • Vertical wet-pit pump

  • Vertical barrel type pump

HORIZONTAL PUMPS

  • SMU

  • SMK

  • KSMK

  • DVMX

  • DVDS

VERTICAL PUMPS

  • VM

  • VMB

  • VB

RECIPROCATING PUMPS

BPC designs and manufactures custom built Reciprocating pumps conforming to API 674 latest editions available for wide range of applications.

These are positive displacement pumps. These are classified as :

  • PLUNGER PUMPS : These are for making positive displacement of working fluid . These are used where low discharge and high pressure head is required. Plungers have less cross section area and more length. e.g. A-346

  • PISTON PUMPS : These use pistons for making positive displacement of the working fluid. These are used where high discharge and low pressure head.

e.g. A-850PT

COMPRESSORS

The company is engaged in manufacture and supply of heavy duty pumps & compressors and high pressure seamless

and CNG gas cylinders / cascades to cater the needs of oil exploration & exploitation, refineries, petro-chemicals, chemicals,

fertilizer and down stream industries.

CLASSIFICATION OF COMPRESSORS

Compressors are also classified as:

  • Reciprocating compressors

  • Centrifugal compressors

PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS PLANT [PCP]

Pumps & compressors plant is the manufacturing section for the pump, compressors spare parts. PCP is divided as:

Pumps & compressors Manufacturing(PCM): This section mainly handles the assembly, testing, packing and dispatching of centrifugal pumps, reciprocating pumps and reciprocating compressors.

Feeder : This section consists of six bays. In this section all machining, fabrication and heat treatment operations are carried out.

BAY- I : This place is said to be heavy machine shop. The machine available in the BAY-I are :

  • 1. Vertical borer BV-25

  • 2. Plano Milling

  • 3. Horizontal boring Machine BFT-125

  • 4. Cylindrical grinder BUA-63

  • 5. Radial Drill RF-51

  • 6. Radial Drill DR-3

  • 7. Centre Lathe LC-100

  • 8. Vertical Turret LC-100

  • 9. Horizontal Boring Machine

BAY-2: This is a light machine shop which mainly contains Center Lathe, Production Lathe, Small size Radial Drilling machine, Boring machine and Turret lathe. In this shop mainly small size components like impeller

of centrifugal pumps and shaft keys, bushings cutting of connecting rod etc. are made.

BAY-3: This is Fabrication shop where for pumps and compressor are fabricated.

BAY-4: This shop has welding shop machine along with two main cutting machines. 1. Bend Saw Cutting Machine

2. Profile Cutting Machine

HEAT TREATMENT SHOP Heat treatment is done for getting desired mechanical properties in the material. There are following heat treatment operations:

Hardening Tempering Normalizing Annealing

Surface hardening Stress relieving

Solution annealing

GAS CYLINDER PLANT

The gas cylinder plant at BPCL, one of the most unique plant in country where both high pressure and low pressure cylinder are manufactured. These are used for both domestic as well as industrial purposes.

Cylinder manufactured in gas cylinder plant are:-

  • 1. Seamless gas cylinder

  • 2. Welded gas cylinder

  • 3. Liquefied petroleum gas cylinder

  • 4. Porous mass plant

Seamless cylinders are made by two methods.

  • 1. Closing the pipe end on CNC hot roller spinning machine.

PROCESSES INVOLVED IN MANUFACTURING OF SEAM LESS GAS CYLINDER

  • 1. Cutting of pipe

  • 2. Dooming

  • 3. Bottom forming

  • 4. Necking

  • 5. Heat treatment of cylinder

  • 6. Machine operations

  • 7. Cleaning before testing

  • 8. Testing

  • 9. Short blasting and stamping

10. Color coding

QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT (QCX)

Quality Control Department has control on all feeder sections. It checks the quality of raw material and finished product

as per standard prescribed. The department can be categorized as :

  • 1. Machine shop Inspection & Ultrasonic Testing

  • 2. Non Destructive Testing (NDT)

  • 3. Standard Room

  • 4. Assembly Testing

  • 5. Chemical Lab

  • 6. Mechanical Lab

  • 7. Gas Cylinder Quality control Department

STANDARD ROOM

This is the section for the calliberation of different measuring instruments used. The apparatus available for calliberation

and measurement are:

1.”TESA” UNIVERSAL UNIMASTER

2.CONCENTRICITY TESTER

3.ELECTRONIC PORTABLE HARDNESS TESTER

4.ELECTRIC COMPARATOR

5.LENGTH MEASURING DEVICE

6.OPTICAL FIBROSCOPE

7.DIAL CALIBERATION TESTER

8.UNIVERSAL MEASURING MACHINE

9.HELIUM LEAK DETECTOR

10.PROFILE PROJECTOR

CONCLUSION

BPCL has played a very crucial role in the development of India since its establishment in the year 1970. The products

Manufactured by BPCL are working as ‘Heart’ in many Oil and Nuclear concerns.

BPCL has the shortcomings of a Public sector for sure. This is why, in spite of having such a wide market & variety of

customers in demand ranging from different parts INDIA, it incurred losses in recent years. But now, due to the various adequate & recovery measures taken by the management authorities, the losses have been considerably reduced in recent years. Presently, the company is looking forward to perform well on the near future and to compete hard with such other firms