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Aim

Study of both the current voltage


characteristic and the power curve to
find the maximum power point(MPP) and
efficiency of a solar cell
By Batch:-2
Group no:-5
Group Members :- Ravi Bhushan-32
Rishabh Taneja-33
Rishav Sinha-35
Sachin Sarin-36
Shartendu Singh-40
Seemant Tripathi

Solar cell- A solar cell or photovoltaic cell is a device that converts
Light energy into electrical energy.
Two basic Functions of Solar Cell-
1- Photo generation of charge carriers in light-absorbing material.
2- Then separation of the charge carriers to a conductive contact that
will transmit the electricity.
APPARATUS
Solar panel consist of 6 solar cell ,table
lamp , digital/analog d.c ammeter and
voltmeter
Observation Table
For R = , voltage was =1.90v, and I = 0 mA
S.No
.
Resistance
R-()
Voltage V-(v) Current I-
(mA)
Power P=V*I (watt)
1. 93.0 1.86 20 0.031
2. 60.0 1.80 30 0.054
3. 42.5 1.70 40 0.068
4. 32.0 1.60 50 0.080
5. 25.0 1.50 60 0.090
6. 17.0 1.20 70 0.084
7. 09.0 0.71 75 0.053
SCALE
X-axis
1 unit=0.2V
Y-axis
1 unit=10mA
20
30
40
50
60
70
75
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
I


V
Current-Voltage characterstic of SOLAR CELL
Scale
X-axis
1 unit=0.2V
Y-axis
1 unit=0.01
watt
0
0.031
0.054
0.068
0.08
0.09
0.084
0.053
0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
P
o
w
e
r

Voltage
POWER CURVEOF THE SOLAR CELL AS A FUNCTION OF VOLTAGE
CALCULATIONS
Fillfactor calculations of a solar cell:

From the readings of the graph of V-I:
Maximum power= V
m
*I
m
=1.90*75=142.5
Ideal power=V
oc*
I
sc=

I
sc
=Maximum current of saturation current

V
oc
=emf generated by photovoltaic cell in open circuit.
Fill factor=(V
m
*I
m
)/(V
oc
*I
sc
)=

The maximum power point(MPP) is the maximum value of
power in the above curve.
The resistance,RMPP, at which the output power is at a
maximum,can be calculated using the following formula:
R
MPP
=(V
MPP
)/(I
MPP
)=

Efficiency() of a solar cell:

The efficiency of the solar cell is the ratio of produced electrical
power (P
out
) and the incident radiant power(P
in
).

Efficiency of solar cell,=P
out
/P
in
where,
P
out
=Maximum power output(MPP)=0.0572
P
in
=Approx.... Irradiance*Area of solar
cell=(F*I
p
)*A=6.67*43.125*42=12081.037
A=Area of a solar cell(L*B)m
2

I
p
=Practical value of current indicated on the ammeter,F is a constant and
is given by
F=Maximum solar Irradiance/Maximum value of current
F=(1000W/m
2
)/150mA=6.67
Hence,=P
out
/P
in
=0.0572/12081.0372=0.00000473


Applications
Solar cells are widely used in solar lamp,solar notebook ,solar power calculator,
solar power radio ,solar water heater etc.
THANKS