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Maria Shiela Dagohoy

Jhon Kevin Nieto


Masayda,
MODALS

A modal is a type of auxiliary (helping) verb that is used to
express: ability, possibility, permission or obligation. Modal
phrases (or semi-modals) are used to express the same things
as modals, but are a combination of auxiliary verbs and the
preposition to. The modals and semi-modals in English are:

DIFFERENT MOODS AND DIFFERENT WAYS TO EXPRESS
THEM:

ABILITY
POSSIBILITY
PERMISSION
OBLIGATION
EXPECTABILITY
PROBABILITY
Adjectives
Verbs
Modal Verbs

Present, past and future
I am
You /we /they are
He /she /it is
I / he / she / it was
You /we /they were
I
You /we /they will be
He /she /it
There is
There are
There was
There were
There will be
I /you /we /they write
He / she / it writes
I
You wrote
He
We lived
They
I
You
He will write
We
They
STRUCTURE OF MODAL VERBS


I
Modal Verb
(can /should, etc.)
Infinitive
(without TO)
You
He
She
It
We
They
C
O
U
L
D


e.g. He can
speak German
fluently
(= Hes
able to speak
German fluently)



I REWRITE THE SENTENCES. USE CAN FOR ABILITY.

1. Hes able to drive a car.


2. My daughter is capable of playing the piano beautifully.
3. My daughter can play the piano beautyfully.

4. Shes an excellent secretary. She has the ability to type 80
words a minute.

He can drive a car.
.She can type 80 words a minute
4. Most adults are unable to use a computer.


5. A recent investigation shows that 65% of high school students
dont know how to use a calculator.


6. Only 2% of Chileans are able to speak English fluently.

Most adults cant use a computer.
... 65% of high school students cant use a calculator.

Only 2% of Chileans can speak English fluently.
CAN / MAY ARE USED TO INDICATE A PRESENT OR FUTURE
POSSIBILITY

e.g. The solution may / can be found at the
back of the book
(= Its possible to find the solution at the back of the
book)


II REWRITE THE SENTENCES. USE MAY OR CAN FOR
POSSIBILITY.
Due to the repairs, trains are possibly subject to delays.
~Due to the repairs, trains may be subject to delays.

Its possible that we face an energy crisis this winter.
~We may face an energy crisis this winter.

Maybe well change rooms for the next test since the
room is very small.
~We may change rooms for the next test since the room
...


Perhaps agronomists will have to test the soil
because theyve found traces of pollutants.
Agronomists may have to test the soil
because ...

Lets not wait any longer. Its possible that he
wont come today.
He may not come today.

Its possible that ships wont dock in the harbor
because of the rain.
Ships may not dock in the harbor because of
the rain.

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