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9/19/14 Do Now

What does the term pure substance and mixtures


mean to you ?(scientifically speaking)
Objective: SWBAT comprehend the properties of
Matter


Pure Substances
A sample of matter, that is not mixed with anything
else
Mixtures
A mixture is a combination of two or more substances
Properties of Mixtures
There are No chemical changes in a Mixture and
none occur when a mixture is made.
So each substance has the same chemical makeup
it had before the mixture was formed.
Maxing a mixture is a physical change

Properties of Mixtures
The Ratio of Components in a Mixture
The components of a mixture do not need to
be mixed in a definite ratio.
Ex: Granite is a mixture of different
minerals. Different ratios of the minerals give
granite different colors, but the mixture is
always called granite.


Mixtures and Compounds
Mixtures Compounds
Made of elements,
compounds or both
Made of elements
No change in original
properties of the elements
Change the original
properties of the elements
Heat or electricity not
required for separating the
elements
Heat or electricity required
for separating the elements
Made using any ratio of the
elements
Made using a fixed ratio of
elements
Type of
Mixtures
Homogenous mixtures





Heterogeneous mixtures





Colloids
Heterogeneous Mixtures
The different components (elements) can be
seen as individual substances. We can
almost separate the components with our
eyes
The particles are visible (bigger particles)
Homogeneous Mixtures
Have the same composition throughout
The components cant be seen as individual
particles
9/20/14
Do Now
Give one example of each of the following:
Homogeneous mixture, Heterogeneous mixture and
a Pure substances
Examples of Heterogeneous Mixtures
The particles are visible (big particles), we
can almost separate the mixture by just
looking at it!

Example of Homogeneous Mixtures
Liquid solutions include- Soda, Gasoline,
Tap water. Solutions may also be gases such
as air.
Solutions may also be solids, such as steel.
Alloys (mixture) are solid solutions of metals
or non-metals dissolved in metal
Type of Homogenous
Mixtures
A solution is a mixture that appears to be a
single substance.
The components cant be seen as individual
particles


Dissolving is the process in which particles
of substances separate and spread evenly
throughout a mixture

9/22/14
Do Now: What is the name of examples of
homogenous mixtures? ( I do not mean something like
water or coffee)

Objective: SWBAT-comprehend the properties of
Matter
Solute/Solvent
The liquid is called the
solvent. The solid, like
the salt or sugar, is called
the solute.

In a solution, the solute
is the substance that is
dissolved.
The solvent is the
substance in which the
solute is dissolved in

Soluble and Insoluble
Insoluble: The inability of a
substance to dissolve in
another substance
Soluble :the ability of
one substance to
dissolve within another
substance.

Solutions
Solutions can be described as being
Saturated or Unsaturated
Unsaturated solution is when it can still dissolve
more solute
Saturated solutions or Saturated point is when no
more solute will dissolve in the solvent.
Concentration= Amount of Solute
Amount of solution
Saturated or Unsaturated

Can you identify the following?
You will be shown a series of photos. Tell if each
photo represents an item composed of a pure
substance or a homogeneous/heterogeneous
mixture.
Review:
Pure substance: A sample of matter, that is not
mixed with anything else
A mixture is a combination of two or more
substances.
A mixture can contain both elements and
compounds
Can be Homogeneous(looks same throughout)
Heterogeneous-The particles are different and
visible (big particles) Pure substance or
Homogeneous/ Heterogeneous
Mixture?
Rocks
Pure Substance or Mixture?
Rocks=Heterogeneous Pure substance or
Homogeneous/
Heterogeneous Mixture?
Jelly Beans
Pure substance or Mixture?
Jelly Beans= Heterogeneous Pure substance or
Homogeneous/
Heterogeneous Mixture?
Tea
Pure substance or Mixture?
Tea=Homogeneous Pure substance or
Homogeneous/ Heterogeneous
Mixture?

Pure Sugar
Pure substance or Mixture?

Pure Sugar Pure substance or
Homogeneous/
Heterogeneous Mixture?
Salad
Pure substance or Mixture?
Salad= Heterogeneous
Pure substance or Homogeneous
/ Heterogeneous Mixture?
Pure Water
Pure substance or Mixture?
Pure Water Pure substance or
Homogeneous/
Heterogeneous Mixture?
Lemonade
Pure substance or Mixture?
Lemonade= Homogeneous
Pure substance or Homogeneous
/ Heterogeneous Mixture?
Sulfur
Pure substance or Mixture?
Sulfur
Pure substance or Homogeneous
/ Heterogeneous Mixture?
Sand
Pure substance or Mixture?
Sand= Homogeneous
Colloids
Is a mixture in which the particles are
spread throughout but are not large
enough to settle out
The particles are not as small as those of a
solution however
Particles in a colloid are large enough to
scatter light. A colloid cannot be separate by
passing through a filter.

Other food colloids include:

milk liquid-liquid (milk fat spread through
water from the milk)

mayonnaise liquid-liquid (oil spread through
water from the vinegar)

butter liquid-liquid (water from the milk
spread through milk fat)

whipped cream gas-liquid (air spread
throughout milk fat)


Suspensions
A mixture which has large particles which can
be seen with the eye
Can be evenly distributed by shaking the
contents, but the components will settle out.

Methods of Separation of
Mixture
Filtering
Evaporation
Distillation

http://www.scienceprojectideas.co.uk/ice-cream-
colloidal-
chemistry.htmlhttp://www.scienceclarified.com/Ci-
Co/Colloid.html
http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenotesl3/a/colloids.
htm