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SAP 2000

Structure Analysis Program


SAP MAIN WINDOW
SELECT tool bar
SNAP tool bar
DRAW tool bar
RESHAPE tool
SELECT MODE tool
VIEW tool bar
ZOOM tool bar
DESIGN tool bar
DSIPLAY/SHOW tool bar
Example
Beams
Columns
Support
Slab
Change units to kip-ft
File New Model
Units are in kip-ft
Click this
button
Enter values
according to your
model dimensions
and then Click OK
GRIDS
Cartesian
Coordinate axes
Change units to kip-in
Define Material
Select CONC and CLICK
Modify/Show Material
(1) Enter Concrete
and steel strength
(2) Enter Modulus of elasticity for
concrete E
c
= 57(f
c
) f
c
in psi.
(3) CLICK OK
Define Frame/Cable Sections
(1) Delete all
unwanted
sections from
this list
(2a) Either import
standard sections
(Mostly used for
steel structure
design)
(2b) Or
Define your
own
sections
Select Add Rectangular from the list
CLICK Add New Property
(1) Enter
name of
section
(2) Select
CONC as
material of
this section.
(3) Enter
dimensions
of section
(4) CLICK Concrete Reinforcement
(1) Select type
of behavior of
frame element
(2) Enter top
and bottom
cover
(3) CLICK OK
(1) Added
rectangular
section
BEAM14X20
with 14 width,
20 depth.
(2) CLICK Add New Property to
add more rectangular sections
(1) Apply same
procedure as
previously
described
(2) CLICK Concrete Reinforcement
(1) Select type
of behavior of
frame element
(2)
Configuration
of
reinforcement
(4) CLICK OK
(3) Enter
Clear cover,
Number of
bars
(2) CLICK OK
(1) Added
rectangular
section
COLUMN
14X14
(2) CLICK OK
Define Area Sections
CLICK Add New Area
(1) Enter area name
(4) Enter area
thickness
(5) CLICK OK
(3) Select Area
Type as Shell
(2) Select material e.g.
CONC for concrete
(1) Added slab
section
SLAB7 with a
thickness of 7
(2) CLICK OK
Define Load Cases
We have to define load cases here. As shown below, DEAD LOAD case is
already defined and added by SAP 2000. We will now add LIVE LOAD
case.
NOTE: DEAD load is already defined by SAP 2000. Self weight multiplier
for DEAD load is equal to 1 to take into consideration the self weight of the
defined sections.
(1) Enter Load name,i.e.LIVE
(2) Select type of load e.g.
LIVE
(3) CLICK
Add New
Load
(4) CLICK
OK
Define Combinations
CLICK Add New Combo
(1) Enter name of combination
(2) Case Name
(3) Load factor e.g. 1.2 for
Dead, 1.6 for Live.
(4) CLICK Add
Already added load
case can be
changed using this
button
After finishing adding load
cases, CLICK OK
Click this button to draw
frame elements e.g.
beams, columns OR go to
DrawDraw Frame/Cable,
Quick Draw Frame/Cable
Select from this list, which
frame element you want to
draw
Choose pinned
ends/continuous ends
Give a offset distance in this
box and SAP will draw a
frame element parallel to the
drawn element at this offset
distance (NOT NEEDED)
Activate XZ view in left
window
Select column element
Move UP & DOWN the
view using these buttons
Draw remaining Columns
Left mouse clickDrag to
select the support points
Similarly all other points selected
AssignJointRestraints
CLICK Hinge Support and
Then CLICK OK
Click this button to draw
Area elements e.g. Slabs
OR go to Draw Draw
Quad Area, Draw Quick
Draw Area
Select your defined Area
and draw
Select Area
AssignArea Loads Uniform (Shell)
(1) Select type of load you want to
apply
(2) Select Units, e.g lb-ft as shown.
(3) Value of load
(4) Can be local OR global
(5) Direction of load
The given data applies a load of 144 lb/ft
2
on area in gravity direction
following the global coordinate system (coordinate system of the structure)

Change units to lb-ft
EditMesh Area
EditDivide Frame element
AnalyzeSet Analysis Options
(1) AnalyzeSet Analysis Cases To Run
(2) CLICK Run Now
SAP will ask you to save the model
(1) Select Case CLICK OK
Deformed Shape of the
model due to DL load
combination. Move mouse
cursor over the model to see
values of deflection in the
structure due to DL.
(1) Select Case Select
force to check CLICK OK
Move mouse cursor over the
model to see values of
moment in the area due to
DL.
Right click on an area to
check detailed values
Select Case Select force
to check CLICK OK
Right click on a frame to
check detailed results
Use this button to lock or
unlock the model. Locking
the model prevents changes
to it. SAP2000 automatically
locks the model after running
an analysis to prevent any
changes. When the model is
locked, most Edit, Draw,
Define and Assign
commands that directly affect
the objects are not available.
Design operations can be
performed on a locked model
END