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INVESTIGATING

THE
LIVING THINGS
YEAR 5
Cannot be seen
bacteria yeast
grow breathe
size protozoa
fungi type
Life process
virus
Is a living thing
move illness
Food
Fertiliser poisoning

tapai MICROORGANISMS Harmfu


l Tooth
Use
bread effects decay
of
Food to
tempe Diseases turn bad
flu
Aids
Ways to prevent
Type diseases
Stomach Conjunctivitis
upset Covering wound Washing hand
Measles
Cough
Boil the drinking water
Ways to prevent diseases caused
by microorganisms

Washing hands before handling food Washing hands after using the toilet

Putting patients who have


Boiling water before drinking chicken pox, conjunctivitis or mumps
into quarantine

Covering mouth and nose when


Covering wounds
coughing or sneezing
WHY IMPORTANT???

SURVIVAL OF THE
SPECIES

ANIMALS PLANTS
Shortage of
Food resources
important
Extinction

disperse by

WATER WIND ANIMALS EXPLOSIVE


MECHANISME
FEED THEIR
YOUNG
characteristic characteristic characteristic characteristic
ATTACK TO
s s s s
PROTECT THEIR
EGGS AND YOUNG • light • light • fleshy • dry when
ripe
LAY SLIMY EGGS • have air • have wing- • brightly
space coloured
HIDE THEIR EGGS like structure
• edible Balsam,
• dry
STAY IN HERDS Coconut, rubber
• have smell
• have fine hair
CARRY THEIR pong- • have hook
YOUNG IN THEIR pong • small
POUCHES
KEEP THEIR
YOUNG IN THEIR Mangoes,
Lalang, guava
MOUTH
angsana,
Tadpole Fish
Beaver

Weed

Small Fish
Big Fish
Grasshopper

Eagle
Frog
Grass Caterpillar
(Produces)

Bird Snake
The importance of survival

• To prevent extinction.
• Balance our ecosystem.
• To maintain food resources.
ANIMALS

Stay in
HOW THEY TAKE CARE OF THEIR Keep in their
herds YOUNG AND EGGS mouth

Carry their young Feed their young

Hide their Lay slimy Attack the


eggs eggs enemies
PLANTS

Dispersal seeds and fruits

Water Wind Explosive mechanism Animal

• Light • Light
• Dry when ripe • Flashy
• Air Space • Fine hairs • Brightly colour
• Wing • Edible
• Small • Have smells
• Have hook
WATER
WIND
ANIMALS

WATERMELON
EXPLOSIVE MECHANISM
INVESTIGATING
FORCE AND ENERGY
YEAR 5
 glass
 transparency
sheet
 plastic

Transparent Translucent
material material

 tissue paper
OBJECT  plastic
 window pane
 tracing paper

Opaque
material

 paper
 towel
 handkerchief
box
The effective
way to keep
things hot and
cold

HOT
COLD
•Keeps into the •Covered by clothes
polystyrene •Covered by towel
•Keeps into the ice box •Covered by tissue
•Keeps into the plastic bag •Covered by newspaper
•Place the ice cube in the •Covered by cotton wool
ground •Put inside the saw dust
Plastic
bag
The ways to
keep things cold
polystyrene

Cardboard
boxes
Ice boxes newspaper
Coconut husk

Saw dust

The ways to
keep things hot
clothes
Investigating Force and Energy Temperatur
e Decrease

Temperature
Expand Increase
Cooler
s
Warmer

Heated
Heat Gains
Heat
Loses
Heat

4.2 Effect 4.1 Temperature


on matter is an indicator of
degree of hotness

Cooled Measure
Unit

Contract Correct
s technique Metric
1.2 light heat solar

chemical electrical
Various formed of energy

ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED

Battery powered Electrical bulb


electrical energy light energy electrical energy light energy

calculator Transformation of energy light

candle
chemical energy heat energy + light energy

solar powered
solar energy electrical energy light energy
solar bio-mass Natural gas coal

wind petroleum

RENEWABLE ENERGY NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY


( can be replenished when used up ) ( cannot be replenished when used up )

RENEWABLE AND NON-


RENEWABLE ENERGY

WHY USE IT WISELY PRACTISE SAVING ENERGY

Save cost

Avoid wastage poster debate


Reduce pollution

Some cannot be replenished Carry out activities


If
blocked
Periscope
Light
Examples

Side mirror Increases size


of a car when
PROPERTIES distance
between an
Can be Reflected object and
Travels In its light
Straight Line source
decreases
Shining surfaces Examples Decreases
when
distance
Eclipes between an
Design object and
Phases of a fair its light
the Moon test source
increases
Shadow’s shape changes
when the position of the
light source changes
Dynamo
Solar
cell

Safety
Sources 2. ELECTRICITY
precaution
s

Dry cell Danger


Electric mishandlin
shock g
Accumulat Burn
or
Electrocutio Fire
n
INVESTIGATING
MATERIALS
YEAR 5
Investigating Materials
1.1 States of matter

Solid
Liquid Gas

Properties
Some liquid
Properties Properties flow faster
than others
• Has mass
• Has no fixed volume
• Has mass • Has mass
• Has no fixed shape
• Has fixed • Has fixed volume but take the shape of
volume • Has no permanent its containers
• Has fixed shape shape but takes the • Occupies space
shape of its
containers • Can be compressed
glasses

material
metal glass
propertie
Hard s
transparent
Strong

Reason:
Use a metal and a glass to make a pair of glasses
because a metal is hard and strong when a glass
properties is transparent.
•Coat with gold
•air •wrap with plastic
•Water •Oil it
•Grease it
•Paint it

Factor Prevent from


rusting

RUS
T
Rusty Non-Rusty

•Iron nails •Book


•Copper coins •Paper
•Iron paper clip •Plastic
•Iron nail clipper •Clothes
•Iron pin •Wood
•Iron needle •Polystyrene
Investigating Materials
1.2 Matter can change
form one state to another

Water

state Factors that


Processes
affect the rate of
evaporating
Can change

• Solid • Melting • Hot weather


• Liquid • Boiling • windy
• Evaporation
• Gas • Condensation
• Freezing
Matter exist
-Solid
-Liquid Importance of
-Gas water resources

STATES OF MATTER

Water cycle
Matter can change
from one state to
another
Carbon dioxide oxygen
Paper
clip

Solid Gas
Has fixed volume Has no fixed shape
Has fixed shape Occupies space
No fixed volume
stone Can be compressed

ruler MATTER EXIST

shampoo
Liquid
Has fixed volume
No permanent shape water
Takes the shape of its container
Some liquid flow faster than others
Cooking oil
 Process of melting
 Boiling
Condensation
Hot weather windy

MATTER CAN CHANGE Factor that affect the rate


FROM ONE STATE TO Of evaporation of water
ANOTHER

Water can exist in any of the three state


Of matter Surface area

solid gas
liquid
The importance of water
cycle Clouds are formed

WATER CYCLE

Water circulated in the Rain is formed


environment
The way to keep our water resources
clean

IMPORTANCE OF WATER
RESOURCES

Need to keep our water resources


clean
Materials / objects

Solid Liquid
Gas
• Rulers • Water
• Air
•Beakers • Oil
• Smoke
•Computers • Fruit juices
• Steam
•Books • Milk

Properties

Has mass Has mass Has mass


 Fix volume  Fix volume  No fix volume
 Fix shape  No fix shape  No fix shape( takes the
 Occupies space ( takes the shape shape of its
of its container) container)
 Occupies space  Occupies space
 Can flow when  Can be compressed
poured  Can flow when poured
INVESTIGATING
THE EARTH AND
THE UNIVERSE
YEAR 5
INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE

2.The Earth ,The Moon and The Sun

2.1 Movement 2.2 Occurrence of day and night

Position of the
Sun and the
Earth.
Rotation on Movement: Length and
their axis: position of the
Moon moving shadow.
West to aroung earth Day time Night time
east Morning
Earth moving
Earth aroung the sun Longer to Facing Facing away
the west the sun from the sun
Moon
Moon and Earth
moving aroung Noon shortert
the sun together
Evening Longer to
the east
Theme : Investigating The Earth and The
Universe
Learning Area : Constellation

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1.1 Understanding the constellation

Constellation

What Identify constellations The importance


constellation is of constellations
• Orion
A group of stars • Scorpion • Show directions
that form certain • Big Dipper • Indicate time to
patterns in the sky • Southern Cross
carry out certain
activities.
Theme : Investigating The Earth and The Universe
Learning Area : The Earth, The Moon and The Sun

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
2.3 Understanding the phases of the Moon

The Moon

The Moon does not The phases of


emit light The Moon

The Moon appears Crescent Half moon Full Moon


New Moon
bright when it
reflects sunlight
Moves round the sun Rotates on its axis – Complete its movement round
One full rotation is 24 hours the sun in 365¼ days

WEST
EARTH EAST

Rotates from west to


east

Moves round the earth

Rotates from west to east


on its axis MOON
One complete movement
round the earth takes 27 1/3 days
ARTH FACING
AWAY FROM EARTH FACES
THE SUN THE SUN DUE TO ROTATION
OF EARTH ON
ITS AXIS

Night
Day Day and Night

Light

Understanding occurrence of SUN


GHT Day and Night
DAY

Light
INVESTIGATING
TECHNOLOGY
YEAR 5
cuboid cone sphere

hemisphere Shapes KLCC twin tower School building

cylinder cube pyramid house mosque

Shapes in structure

objects stability

book eraser base area height

pencil
Shapes of object in structures

Cube Cyclinder

Cuboid
Pyramid

Sphere

hemisphere

Cone
Structure

Strenght Stability

Type of material used Base area

How the structure is


Height
placed