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JOSEPH E.

CAJOTE
MASTERS IN MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING
WHATS I.C.T?
Stands for "Information and Communication Technologies." ICT refers to
technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications.
It is similar to Information Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on
communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks,
cell phones, and other communication mediums.
In the past few decades, information and communication technologies have
provided society with a vast array of new communication
capabilities.(http://www.techterms.com/definition/ict)
WHAT IS I.C.T GOVERNANCE?
Governance of Information Technology, IT Governance or Governance in ICT,
is defined by some authors (ITGI, 2008; ISACA, 2007; ITSMF, 2008) as a subset
of the corporate governance discipline, focusing on Information Technology
(IT) and its performance systems and risk management. The growing interest
in IT governance is partly due to the need to ensure reliable security and
auditing mechanisms for companies, in order to mitigate business risk and
avoid the occurrence of frauds (or ensure that there are means to identify
them), ensuring transparency in management.
THE I.C.T. IN ACHIEVING QUALITY
SERVICE
Faster and better delivery of public goods and services;
Greater transparency in government operations;
Increased capacities of public sector organizations; and
Proactive participation of citizens in governance.
These are in support of the broader national
development goals as follows:
GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE ECONOMY

Objective
To promote the efficient operation of markets, particularly in the following
areas:
Providing information on business opportunities, credit and technical
assistance, sources of materials and information, and linkages;
Developing sound economic policies and strategies, and monitoring and
assessing their performance;
Formulating and enforcing appropriate rules and regulation; and
Promoting electronic commerce.
ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN
RESOURCES AND ERADICATION OF POVERTY

Objective
To improve the management of social services, particularly in the following areas:
Upgrading information support so that government can better formulate, implement, and
assess policies in education, health, welfare, and labor policy, as well as plan and manage
poverty eradication programs more effectively;
Achieving faster, more efficient, and more responsive social services particularly to the poor,
the elderly, the handicapped, the disadvantaged, and victims of disasters; and
Facilitate access to information on public services, employment and livelihood opportunities,
health and welfare services, credit and assistance, and distance education and training.
MORE EQUITABLE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
AND POPULATION

Objective
To decentralize decision-making, production and delivery of public
services, and enforcement of
regulations across the country thereby allowing proximate, equal,
and convenient access by citizens and
organizations.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL
RESOURCES

Objective
To promote sustainable use of the countrys natural resources,
particularly in the following areas:
Improving the system of gathering, processing, storage, and
retrieval of information on the countrys natural resources; and
Upgrading governments capacity to manage the ownership and
utilization of those resources.
IMPROVED PEACE AND ORDER

Objective
To build on and support the implementation of the National Crime
Information System (NCIS), focusing on systems that enhance
governments capacity to prevent crimes, track down criminals,
monitor criminality, and administer justice.
MORE EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE

Objective
To improve agency capacity for administration, particularly in the following areas:
Managing public sector physical, financial, and human resources;
Promoting transparency and public accountability and reducing graft and corruption;
Creating customer feedback mechanisms;
Improving coordination between and among agencies and employees;
Upgrading the quality and speed of managerial decision-making; and
Establishing of an environment conducive to continuous education and advancement of public sector
organizations.
According to President Benigno Aquino III, Through the e-Government Master
Plan, we lay the groundwork for an effective and transparent e-government
information systems for 2014 to 2016, providing agencies a framework that will
strengthen and integrate existing information systems that are vital to the
delivery of services and information.
I have always believed that technology can play a crucial role in linking our
people with their government, and that is it through technology that we can
improve our services, promote dialogue and responsiveness, and ultimately
raise the level of discourse in our country by efficiently informing our citizenry
about the policies and initiatives of government, President Aquino emphasized.
What then are the exciting improvements that
we expect from the government to be delivered
via technology and will make our lives easier
and better?
INTEGRATED GOVERNMENT PHILIPPINES
(IGOVPHIL) PROJECT
The P470 million iGovPhil will be the
governments platform to achieve a
higher level of e-governance to
rationalize government operations and
improve the delivery of goods and
services to the
people. E-governance basically means
using Information and Communications
Technology
(ICT) as a tool in making government
services more efficient and effective.

THE IGOVPHIL HAS VARIOUS
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, INCLUDING
THE FOLLOWING:
Fiber to the Office - A fiber optic network will connect government
agencies to the data center so that government agencies will have
access to the Internet and the iGovPhil network at bandwidths and
speeds.
Government Data Center The data center will be fully equipped with
necessary network equipment, data storage facility, cooling system,
security system, power system, monitoring system, fire protection
system and network connectivity.
GovCloud - The Government Cloud will enable government agencies to
use secure government hosted cloud applications for their various
server side computing requirements. Just like using public clouds such
as Google, users of the GovCloud have files and applications on the web.
Local storage and client side computing resources are done away with as
files are accessed and email is launched just through the web browser.
GovMail This is a secure e-mail service to government agencies using unique
agency names with the gov.ph suffix hosted in a central server for added security.
It will give government offices and personnel a credible online identity, especially
when communicating with the public. Aside from email, GovMail will allow users
to collaborate online by sharing tasks, scheduling meetings using a central
calendar, and working on shared files. GovMail, as a government facility, ensures
that all information in the mail will be secure.
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) - This will enable government agencies to
make voice calls like ordinary telephone calls through the Internet, eliminating
costly long distance, mobile and international charges.
PhPay through this internet based electronic payment facility and gateway,
individuals and businesses can remit payments electronically to government
agencies.
Other ICT-enabled government services to be developed under the iGovPhil
Project include the Digitization Program, Session Initiation Protocol Registry, Video
Conferencing, National Archives and Records Management Information System,
Agency Records Inventory System, Data Registry, Digitization, Forms Generator,
Agency Service Registry, Public Key Infrastructure, Single Sign-On, Government
Web Hosting Service, and Project Management.
Medium-Term Information and Communication Technology
Harmonization Initiative (MITHI) A collaboration among the
Departments of Budget and Management, and Science and
Technology; National Economic Development Authority; and
National Computer Center, MITHI will harmonize ICT related
resources, programs and projects in all agencies and on all levels of
the bureaucracy. For 2014, MITHI will develop interoperable
systems, such as broadband connectivity for 210 agencies and
real-time sharing of health information; roll-out selected systems
(national payroll system, GovCloud, harmonized inmate
management system, community health tracking system, etc),
create online inventory of all ICT resources of government that can
be accessed in real time, and implement a centralized
procurement of PCs and ICT hardware.
Philippine Community eCenter (CeC) Program This
program aims to establish a Community eCenter in every
municipality, tapping even school laboratories and
internet cafes into community eCenters. Until 2015, the
DOST-Information and Communications Technology Office
will reengineer the current 1,500 community e-Centers to
cover 42,000 barangays.

http://www.ncc.gov.ph/files/gisp.pdf (Philippine Government Information Systems Plan, June 2000)
S & T POST, VOL. XXXI NO. 4, ISSN 0116-7766, 4 Quarter 2013 issue