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LTE eRAN6.

0 KPI
Introduction

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Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the classification of major KPI in LTE RAN

Describe the details of each KPI, eg. definition and calculation


formula

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Page2

Contents
1. KPI Overview

2. Performance KPI Details


3. Driver test KPI

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Page3

Classification of KPI Measurement

The quality of network performance is mainly evaluated by KPI


(Key Performance Index)

Drive Test KPI/ Stationary Test: Some KPIs should be attained


by drive test, such as such as coverage KPI and latency KPI,
measurement results are coming from driver test tools

Performance Measurement KPI: Most of KPIs are attained by


this approach, such as RRC success Rate, HHO success rate,eg,
these KPIs are coming from eNodeB performance statistic.

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Page4

eRAN Performance KPI Overview

Major
performance
KPI

Accessability

RRC setup success rate


ERAB setup success rate
Call setup success rate

Retainability

Call drop rate (VoIP)


Service drop rate (all)

Mobility

Intra_fre HO out success rate


Inter_fre HO out success rate
HO in success rate
Inter_RAT HO out success rate

Service intergrity

Cell download average


throughput
Cell uplink average throughput

Utilization/availa
bility

RB utilizing rate
Average CPU load
Radio network unavailability rate

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Page5

Measurement KPI - Attributes


Measurement
Scope

Description

KPI name

Measurement KPI
Formula

Associated
Counters

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Page6

Performance Measurement System


Measurement Object

Measurement
Family 1

Counter 1

Measurement
Unit 1

Counter 2

Counter 3

Measurement

Measurement

Family 2

Unit 2

Counter 4

Counter 5

Counter 6

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Counter 7

Page7

Performance Measurement Counter

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Page8

Contents
2.

KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.2 Retainability KPIs
2.3 Mobility KPIs

2.4 Service Integrity KPIs


2.5 Utilization/Availability KPIs

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

Contents
2. KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.1.1 RRC Setup Success Rate
2.2.2 E-RAB Setup Success Rate

2.2.3 Call Setup Success Rate

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Page10

RRC Connection Cause

RRC Connection
UE - eNB

RRC causes:
MO signaling (Signaling)
MO data (Service)
MT access (Service)
Emergency (Service)
High Priority Access

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Page11

RRC Setup Success Rate


KPI name

RRC Setup Successful Rate

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

Unit

RRC _ SR

RRCConnectionSuccess
100 %
RRCConnectionAttempt

Percentage(%)

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Page12

Associated Counters

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Page13

RRC Setup Failure Reason

Figure 1

Figure 2

Possible reason:

Resource allocation failure (admission failure)

No response from UE ( Poor coverage or terminal problem)

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Page16

Contents
2. KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.1.1 RRC Success Rate
2.2.2 E-RAB Success Rate

2.2.3 Call Setup Success Rate

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Radio Access Bearer (E-RAB)


E-RAB
UE - SGW
User-Data

SGW

UE
E-RAB

Type of bearers

Default bear: With default QCI which is specified in HSS

Dedicate bear: With dedicated QCI which is negotiated by


PDN-GW and PCRF

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Page18

E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP)

KPI name

ERAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP)

Measurement scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

VoIPERABS _ SR

Unit

Percentage(%)

VoIPERABSe tupSuccess
100 %
VoIPERABSe tupAttempt

VoIP is related with QCI 1 bearer

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Page19

E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All Service)

KPI name

ERAB Setup Success Rate (All service)

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula
Unit

ERABS _ SR

ERABSetupSuccess
100 %
ERABSetupAttempt

Percentage(%)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

Associated Counters Initial E-RAB Setup

L.E-RAB.IntialAttEst.QCI.x

L.E-RAB.InitialSuccEst.QCI.x

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Page21

Associated Counters Dedicated ERAB Setup

L.E-RAB.AttEst.QCI.x

L.E-RAB.SuccEst.QCI.x

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Page23

Contents
2. KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.1.1 RRC Setup Success Rate
2.2.2 E-RAB Success Rate

2.2.3 Call Setup Success Rate

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Call Setup Success Rate


KPI name

Call Setup Success Rate

Measuremen Cell/Cluster
t scope
Formula

CSSR

RRCConnectionSuccessservice S1SigConnectionEstablishSuccess

RRCConnectionAttemptservice S1SigConnectionEstablishAttempt

ERABSetupSucess
100%
ERABSetupAttemp

Unit

Percentage(%)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

Counters For S1 Dedicated Signaling


Setup
L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Att

L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Succ

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Page28

Contents
2.

KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.2 Retainability KPIs
2.3 Mobility KPIs

2.4 Equipment Related


2.5 Utilization KPIs / Traffic KPI
2.6 Transport Performance Counter

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

VoIP Call Drop Rate


KPI name

VoIP call drop rate

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

Unit

VoIP _ CDR

VoIPERABABnormal Re lease
100%
VoIPERABRe lease

Percentage(%)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

Service Drop Rate (All)


KPI name

ERAB drop rate

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

Unit

Service _ CDR

ERABABnormal Re lease
100%
ERABRe lease

Percentage(%)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

E-RAB Release

Normal release

Released with the normal procedure, the statistic is based on each QCI
index

Abnormal release

Considered as service(call) drop, the statistic can be based on different


release cause and each QCI index
Possible causes:

EPC failure

Radio link failure

Handover failure

Transport failure

Network congestion

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Page32

Abnormal Release

Figure 1

Figure 2
L.E-RAB.AbnormalRel.QCI.x

Figure 3

Figure 4

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Page33

Normal Release

Figure 1
L.E-RAB.NormalRel.QCI.x

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Figure 2

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Contents
2.

KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.2 Retainability KPIs
2.3 Mobility KPIs

2.4 Service Integrity KPIs


2.5 Utilization/Availability KPIs / Traffic KPI

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page39

Intra/Inter-frequency Handover Out


Success Rate
KPI name

Intra/Inter-frequency Handover Out Success


Rate

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster
IntraFreqHOOut _ SR

IntraFreqHOOutSuccess
100 %
IntraFreqHOOutAttemp t

InterFreqHOOut _ SR

InterFreqHOOutSuccess
100 %
InterFreqHOOutAttemp t

Formula

Unit

Percentage(%)

Note: In HW eNodeB, all the handover attempt statistic is calculated after


admission control in target cell, which means HO failure statistic exclude
admission failure
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Page40

Associated Counters (Intra eNB)

L.HHO.IntraeNB.IntraFreq.ExecAttOut
L.HHO.IntraeNB.InterFreq.ExecAttOut

L.HHO.IntraeNB.IntraFreq.ExecSuccOut
L.HHO.IntraeNB.InterFreq.ExecSuccOut

Note: In HW eNodeB, all the handover attempt statistic is calculated after


admission determination in target cell,
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

Associated Counters (Inter eNB)


X2 Based Handover

L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecAttOut
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecAttOut

L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecSuccOut
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecSuccOut

Handover Based on X2 interface


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Page42

Associated Counters (Inter eNB)


S1 based Handover

L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecAttOut
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecAttOut

L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecSuccOut
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecSuccOut

Handover Based on S1 interface


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Page43

Handover In Success Rate

KPI name

Handover In Success Rate

Measurement scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula
Unit

HOIn _ SR

HOInSucces s
100 %
HOInAttemp t

Percentage(%)

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Page45

Associated Counters (Intra eNB)

L.HHO.IntraeNB.ExecAttIn

L.HHO.IntraeNB.ExecSuccIn

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Page46

Related Counters (Inter eNB)


X2 Handover

L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecAttIn

L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecSuccIn

Handover Based on X2 interface


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Page47

Related Counters (Inter eNB)


S1 Handover

L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecAttIn

L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecSuccIn

Handover Based on S1 interface


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Page48

Inter_RAT Handover Out Success


Rate (LTE to WCDMA)
KPI name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to


WCDMA)

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster
IRATHO _ E 2W _ Success
IRATHO _ E 2W _ SR
100 %
IRATHO _ E 2W _ Attempt

Formula
Unit

Percentage(%)

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Page50

Associated Counters

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecAttOut

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecSuccOut

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Page51

Inter_RAT Handover Out Success


Rate (LTE to GSM)
KPI name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM)

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

IRATHO _ E 2G _ SR

Unit

Percentage(%)

IRATHO _ E 2G _ Success
100 %
IRATHO _ E 2G _ Attempt

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Page52

Associated Counters

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecAttOut

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecSuccOut

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Page53

Contents
2.

KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.2 Retainability KPIs
2.3 Mobility KPIs

2.4 Service Integrity KPIs


2.5 Utilization/Availability KPIs / Traffic KPI

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Cell Downlink Average Throughput


KPI name

Downlink Average Throughput

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster
CellDLAveT hp

Formula

Unit

CellDLTraf ficVolume
CellDLTran sferTime

bps

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Page56

Related Counter - DL Traffic Volume

Description:

The counters measure the total traffic volume of transmitted


PDCP SDUs for each service with a specific QCI ranging from
1 to 9 in a cell.

Measurement Point

The size of the payloads in the transmitted PDCP SDUs of


each service with a specific QCI is sampled in a cell. At the end
of a measurement period, the sum of these sampling results is
used as the value of the corresponding counter.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

Related Counter DL Transmission


Time

Description:

The counters measure the transmit duration of downlink PDCP


SDUs for services with a specific QCI ranging from 1 to 9 in a cell.

Measurement Point

The transmit duration of downlink PDCP SDUs for each service


with a specific QCI ranging from 1 to 9 in a cell is sampled per
millisecond. If there is downlink data transmission within this
millisecond, the sampling result of the corresponding counter is 1.
At the end of a measurement period, the sum of these sampling
results is used as the value of the corresponding counter.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

Cell Uplink Average Throughput


KPI name

Downlink Average Throughput

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster
CellULAveT hp

Formula

Unit

CellULTraf ficVolume
CellULTran sferTime

bps

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Page59

Related Counter - UL Traffic Volume

Description:

The counters measure the total traffic volume of received


PDCP SDUs for each service with a specific QCI ranging from
1 to 9 in a cell.

Measurement Point

The size of the payloads in the received PDCP SDUs of each


service with a specific QCI is sampled in a cell. At the end of a
measurement period, the sum of these sampling results is
used as the value of the corresponding counter.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

Related Counter UL Receiving Time

Description:

The counters measure the receive duration of uplink PDCP SDUs


for services with a specific QCI ranging from 1 to 9 in a cell.

Measurement Point

The receive duration of uplink PDCP SDUs for each service with a
specific QCI ranging from 1 to 9 in a cell is sampled per
millisecond. If there is uplink data receiving within this millisecond,
the sampling result of the corresponding counter is 1. At the end
of a measurement period, the sum of these sampling results is
used as the value of the corresponding counter.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page61

Contents
2.

KPI Details
2.1 Accessibility KPI
2.2 Retainability KPIs
2.3 Mobility KPIs

2.4 Service Integrity KPIs


2.5 Utilization/Availability KPIs

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Page62

CPU Usage Measurement


Slot No.=1

Slot No.=2

Measurement Object: Cabinet No.=0,


Subrack No.=0, Slot No.=3

Measurement Object: Cabinet No.=0,


Subrack No.=0, Slot No.=7

LMPT LTE Main Processing & Transmission Unit (in slot 7)


LBBP LTE BaseBand Processing Unit (First LBBP in Slot 3)

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Page63

Related Counters
Counter ID

Counter name

Description

1526727013

VS.Board.CPUload.
Max

Maximum Board CPU


Usage

1526727014

VS.Board.CPUload.
Mean

Average Board CPU Usage

1526728332

VS.Board.CPULoad.
CumulativeHighload
Count

Number of Times that the


CPU Usage of Boards
Exceeds the Preconfigured
Threshold

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Page64

Resource Block Utilizing Rate


KPI name

Resource Block Utilizing Rate

Measurement
scope

Cell/Cluster

Formula

RB _ UR UL

Unit

RB _ Used DL
100 %
RB _ AvailableDL
RB _ Used UL

100 %
RB _ AvailableUL

RB _ UR DL

Percentage(%)

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Page65

Associated Counters

Average number of used downlink PRBs

Measurement point: The number of used downlink PRBs in a cell


is sampled per second. At the end of a measurement period, the
average of these sampling results is used as the value of the
counter

Average number of used uplink PRBs

Measurement point: The number of PRBs over the PUCCH in a


cell is sampled per second .At the end of a measurement period,
the average of these sampling results is used as the value of the
counter.

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Page66

Radio Network Unavailability Rate


KPI name

Radio Network Unavailability Rate

Measurement
scope

Radio network (Cluster)

Formula

RAN _ Unavail _ Rate

CellUnavailTime
TheTotalNumberOfCellsInCluser *{SP}* 60

SP:indicates the report period of counters in minute

Unit

Percentage(%)

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Page68

x 100%

Contents
1. KPI Overview

2. Performance KPI
3. Driver test KPI

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Page69

Coverage Ratio

Object : Coverage test (RSRQ & RSRP)

Evaluation formula:

Coverage radio = valid test kilometers / total test kilometers

Standard:

The valid test kilometers should be satisfied for RSRP 110dBmRSRQ -3dB

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Page70

Summary

KPI category in EUTRAN

KPI introduction

Counter details

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Page71

Abbreviation

ERAB: E-UTRAN Radio Access Bearer

RRC: Radio Resource Control

MRC: Maximum Ratio Combining

PSIC: Parallel Soft Interference Cancellation

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Page72

Thank you
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