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PRACTICAL TRAINING

TAKEN AT
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited(BHEL)
Bangalore(Karnataka)
DURATION: 10/06/2013 TO 09/07/2013
SESSION :2013-2014







Submitted to:- Presented by:-
Mr. Tarun Dadhich Priyanka Yadav
Batch:-E.C.5
Content
Introduction
BHEL products
1. Electronic department -
System testing
Solar photovoltaic
2. general layout -
SCADA systems
HVDC systems
OTS systems
Conclusion




Introduction:

BHEL is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in
India in the energy related infrastructure sector today.
BHEL was established more than 40 years ago when its first plant
was setup in Bhopal.
BHEL is one of Indias nine larger Public Sector Undertakings or
PSUs ,known as the NAVRATNAS or the nine jewels .
65% of overall electricity is generated by BHEL. And 75% of overall
electricity is generated by the BHELs equipments .
BHEL EDN, Bangalore was found in 1976, mainly to establish a
strong base in the area of power and industrial electronics.


BHEL PRODUTS
1. System testing department :-
It checks the operation of finished goods.
System testing receives engineering drawing , signal
flow diagram and conducts various test like
continuity test , high voltage test, functional test.
Air conditioned test area of appox 2500 m sqr.
Capacity to line up and test upto 600 cubicales at a
time across 5 test shops.
3 types of test---
continuity test
High voltage test
Functional test
ELECTRONIC DEPARTMENT
System testing department

2. Solar Photovoltaic cell assembly

PV cell is an electrical device which converts energy
of the light directly into the electricity by
photoelectric effect.
PV cell was developed at Bell Laboratory in 1954.
Monocrystalline Si, Polycrystalline Si, Cadmium
Telluride are mostly used material for PV
manufacturing.
Operation of PV cell requires 3 basic attributes-
i. Absorption of light.
ii. Separation of opposite Charge carriers.
iii. Separate extraction of carriers to an external circuit.


Si
Wafer
Air coating
Screen
printing
Texturisation
firing
Cell
testing
Cell
Diffusion
Plasma
Etching
PSG
Removal
Lamination
Testing and
framing
PV module
PHOTOVOLTAIC Manufacturing flow chart :-

SCADA systems:-
Stands for supervisory control And data acquisition.
SCADA systems are used in industrial processes: steel making,
power generation (conventional and nuclear) and distribution.
There Are 4 Components In the SCADA System.
Field Instrumentation
Remote Terminal Units.
Communications Network.
Central Monitoring Station
SCADA is used as safety tool as lock- out tag-out.
SCADA consist of human machine interface.
It also consist of RTU , which is connected to sensor and PLC which
is used as the field devices because they are more economical ,
flexible , versatile than RTUs.
HMI device present the processed data to a human operator.

GENERAL LAYOUTS
Working of SCADA System :
Most control actions are performed by RTU and MPLCs.
Data acquisition begins at RTUs and PLCs level then
data is compiled and formatted .
SCADA system typically implements a distributed
database called tag database.which contains data
element called tag or point.
A point represent a single input or output value
controlled by system.it can be hard or soft
Point are stored as value timestamp pair:a value and
timestamp.
A series of value timestamp gives history of point.
Diag shows the SCADA operation for flowing water.


High Voltage Direct Current Systems:
there arises some technical problems of transmitting
power to such a long distance using AC.In the view of the
draw backs of ac the HVDC transmission has come into
picture.
The use of an HVDC link in an ac system requires
converter stations at each end of the line.
In 1977 HVDC system has used only solid state devices ,
in most cases thyrister valve.
HVDC using thyrister valve called line cumulated
converter(LCC ) .due to some limitation in LCC ,CCC
HVDC are used.
CCC differs from a conventional HVDC ,like it has a series
of capacitors inserted in AC line connection either on
primary or sec. side on converter transformer.





Advantages:
Technical
Reactive power
requirement
System stability
Short Circuit Current
Independent Control of
ac system
Fast change of energy
flow

Economical
DC lines and cables are
cheaper than ac lines or
cables.
The towers of the dc
lines are narrower,
simpler and cheaper
compared to the towers
of the ac lines.
Line losses in a dc line
are lower than the losses
in an ac lines.

Hvdc Transmission:
Operator Training Simulator System:
OTS is an computer based training system
that uses a dynamic simulation.
Simulator is configured in a virtual
environment with exact replica of actual
plant condition.
Elements of a typical OTS:
i. Dynamic simulation software
ii. Process model
iii. Instructor interface
iv. DCS emulator
v. Replica of operator station
OTS Features by BHEL:
Simulator is developed based on
mathematical and physical model
approaches.
It consist of model server , instructor
station, operator work section for
training section and remote areas.
Training simulator application consist of
human machine interface , dynamic
model sever and instructor station.

BHEL OTS system
Conclusion:-
BHEL is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in
India .
The company manufactures 235 MW nuclear turbine generator sets
and in future it will 500 MW.
BHEL is a major contributor of equipment and systems to
industries.
At the all, till now BHEL is best in supply and manufacturing
products.


THANK YOU!
Any Query???