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G.B.PANT ENGG.

COLLEGE,PAURI
FOUR WEEK INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

THERMAL POWER PLANT OVERVIEW

AT:-
BY:-
SANDEEP KUMAR
NTPC LIMITED ELECTRICAL ENGINEER
BADARPUR THERMAL POWER STATION FINAL YEAR,7TH SEMESTER
BADARPUR,NEW DELHI ROLL NO.-36
GBPEC,PAURI

ENGG.
COLLEGE,PAURI
NTPC at a glance
• It is the world’s largest and most efficient power
generation company.
• In forbes list of world’s 500 companies for the
year 2007 ,NTPC occupies 411th place.
• NTPC has installed capacity of 29394 mw.

NTPC at a glance
About BTPS
The Badarpur Thermal Power Station
has five
units of Steam
Turbine-Driven
Generators,
which has a total
capacity of
705MW.
ABOUT BTPS

•The fuel being used is Coal, which is supplied from the Jharia Coal Field in
Jharkhand.
•Water supply is given from the Agra Canal.

SR. NO. capacity No. of generator Total capacity

1. 210 MW 2 420 MW

2. 95 MW 3 285MW

Total 705 MW
THERMAL POWER PLANT
OPERATION OF COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT
THERMAL POWER PLANT

There are basically three main units of a thermal power plant:


1. Steam Generator or Boiler
2. Steam Turbine
3. Electric Generator
STEAM GENERATOR OR
BOILER

•A boiler or steam generator is a device used to


create steam by applying heat energy to water.
•It is a rectangular furnace about 50 ft (15 m)
on a side and 130 ft (40 m) tall.
•Its walls are made of a web of high pressure
steel tubes about 2.3 inches (60 mm) in
diameter.
STEAM GENERATOR OR BOILER

Pulverized coal is air-blown into the furnace from


fuel nozzles at the four corners and it rapidly burns,
forming a large fireball at the center.
The thermal radiation of the fireball heats the
water that circulates through the boiler tubes near
the boiler perimeter.
The water circulation rate in the boiler is three to
four times the throughput and is typically driven by
pumps.
STEAM GENERATOR OR BOILER
STEAM GENERATOR OR
BOILER

As the water in the boiler circulates it absorbs heat and


changes into steam at 700°F or370°C.
It is separated from the water inside a drum at the top
of the furnace.
The saturated steam is introduced into superheat
pendant tubes.
Here the steam is superheated to 1,000 °F or 540 °C to
prepare it for the turbine.
STEAM TURBINE

•Steam turbines are used to drive thegenerators, which


produce electricity.
•The turbines are driven by steam generated in 'Boilers' or
'Steam Generators‘.
•Energy in the steam after it leaves the boiler is converted
into rotational energy as it passes through the turbine.
STEAM TURBINE

•The turbine normally consists of three stages with each stage consisting of a
stationary blade (or nozzle) and a rotating blade.
STEAM TURBINE

•Stationary blades convert the potential energy of the steam


(temperature and pressure) into kinetic energy (velocity) and
direct the flow onto the rotating
blades.
•The rotating blades convert the kinetic energy into forces,
caused by pressure drop, which results in the rotation of the
turbine shaft.
•The turbine shaft is connected to a generator, which
produces the electrical energy.
•The rotational speed is 3000 rpm.
TURBINE GENERATOR
•The generators are used to convertmechanical power, delivered from theshaft of
the turbine, into electrical power.
TURBINE GENERATOR

The mechanical energy from the turbine is converted by means a


• rotating magnetic field
• produced by direct current in the copper winding of the rotor or field,
• which generates three-phase alternating currents
and voltages in the copper winding of the stator
(armature).
The stator winding is connected to terminals, which are in turn connected to
the power system for delivery of the output power to the system.
At Badarpur Thermal Power Station,
2-pole, 50 Hz generators are used
3000 rpm, of capacities 210 MW and 95 MW.
TRANSFORMERS

Step-Up the Voltage from


10.5kV to 220kV for 95 MW Generators.
15.75kV to 220kV for 210MW Generators.
220kV output is transmitted to the switchyard for
further transmission.