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Presented by-
Ravindra singh
Electrical engg.
2nd year,4th sem
Roll no.-32
 History
 meaning of the term "Wi-Fi"
 Commercial wi-fi
 Building a Wireless Network
 How it works?
 Example of WiFi Devices
 Advantages of WiFi
 Universal efforts
 WiFi in Gameing
 Disadvantages of Wi-Fi
 WiFi in Operating Systems
 WiFi Specifications
 HotSpot
 Power Brick
 Wireless Modems
 Web Server
 FireWalls
 Wireless Networking
meaning of the term "Wi-Fi"
 "Wi-Fi" stands for "Wireless Fidelity".
 According to Belanger, the Interbrand
Corporation developed the brand "Wi-Fi"
for the Wi-Fi Alliance to use to describe
WLAN products that are based on the
IEEE 802.11 standards.
What is Wi-fi?

 Wi-fi is wireless networking - the ability

to connect to a network or PC using
radio (as opposed to network cabling).
It's faster and has a greater range than
Bluetooth, and is ideal for home or
office connectivity.
 Wi-Fi uses both single carrier direct-sequence spread
spectrum radio technology, part of the larger family of
spread spectrum systems and multi-carrier OFDM
(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) radio
 Unlicensed spread spectrum was first authorized by the
Federal Communications Commission in 1985 and these
FCC regulations were later copied with some changes in
many other countries enabling use of this technology in
all major countries. These regulations then enabled the
development of Wi-Fi, its onetime competitor HomeRF,
and Bluetooth.
Commercial Wi-Fi
 Commercial Wi-Fi services are available in
places such as Internet cafes, coffee houses
and airports around the world (commonly called
Wi-Fi-cafés), although coverage is patchy in
comparison with cellular:Ozone and OzoneParis
 In France, in September 2003, Ozone started
deploying the OzoneParis network across the
City of Lights. The objective: to construct a
wireless metropolitan network with full Wi-Fi
coverage of Paris. Ozone is also deploying its
network in Brussels (Belgium) and other cities in
France like Rennes.
Building a Wireless Network
wireless router is a single unit that
 A port to connect to your cable or DSL modem
 A router
 An Ethernet hub
 A firewall
 A wireless access point
 The typical Wi-Fi setup contains one or more Access
Points (APs) and one or more clients.
 An AP broadcasts its SSID (Service Set Identifier,
Network name) via packets that are called beacons.
 Based on the settings (e.g. the SSID), the client may
decide whether to connect to an AP. Also the firmware
running on the client Wi-Fi card is of influence. Say two
APs of the same SSID are in range of the client.
 the firmware may decide based on signal strength to
which of the two APs it will connect. The Wi-Fi standard
leaves connection criteria and roaming totally open to the
Here's a summary of wi-fi
hardware types:
 Wireless Network Access Point

 Wireless USB Dongles

 Laptop Wi-fi cards

 Wireless PCI Network Card

 Connectivity cards
 The BT Home Hub

 Mobiles & Handheld computers

 Wi-fi phones
Advantages of Wi-Fi
 Allows LANs to be deployed without cabling,
potentially reducing the costs of network
deployment and expansion. Spaces where
cables cannot be run, such as outdoor areas
and historical buildings, can host wireless LANs.
 Wi-Fi silicon pricing continues to come down,
making Wi-Fi a very economical networking opti
on and driving inclusion of Wi-Fi in an ever-wide
ning array of devices.
Universal Eofforts
users will share their bandwidth through
their personal wireless routers, which are
supplied with specific software.
 An example is FON, a Spanish start-up
created in November 2005. It aims to
become the largest network of hotspots in
the world by the end of 2006 with 30 000
access points.
Wi-Fi in gaming
 The PlayStation 3 premium model ($600)
features built-in Wi-Fi
 The Xbox 360 features 1 Wi-Fi accessory: A
wireless network adapter.
 The Sony PSP includes WLAN to connect to Wi-
Fi hotspots or make wireless connections
 The Nintendo DS features many current and
upcoming games that support the Nintendo Wi-Fi
Connection service such as Mario Kart DS, Metro
id Prime: Hunters and Animal Crossing: Wild Wor
Disadvantages of Wi-Fi
 Spectrum assignments and operational
limitations are not consistent worldwide
 Power consumption is fairly high
compared to some other standards, makin
g battery life and heat a concern.
Wi-Fi and its support by operating
 Microsoft Windows XP has good Wi-Fi
support. It does not support WPA2 natively
and some other protocols need Windows
 Microsoft Windows Vista has improved
Wi-Fi support over Windows XP, but it
automatically connects to unsecured
WIFI Specifications
 Wi-Fi is based on the IEEE 802.11
There are currently four deployed
802.11 variations: -
 802.11a
 802.11b
 802.11g, and
 802.11n.
What is a Hotspot
 A hotspot is any public area where computers
that have been fitted with wireless network
technology can gain access to the Internet.
 The computer accomplishes this by contacting a
nearby wireless network with its internal NIC
(Network Interface Card). The NIC seeks out the
radio waves generated by wireless networks.
When it detects a signal strong enough, it asks
permission to log on to the network.
Wireless adapters can plug into
a computer's PC card slot or
USB port.
What is a Power Brick ?

 The power brick is part of the external power

supply. It also provides the power for the
computer to charge its batteries. Plugging
straight AC from a wall outlet into a notebook
would blow the circuits, so lower-voltage DC
powers the notebook.
 The power brick accomplishes the conversion.
The computer is plugged into the power brick,
while a cord runs from the power brick into a
standard AC plug.
Wireless Modems
 Wireless modems are devices that allow
computers to connect to a wireless local
area network (WLAN) without physical
cabling such as ethernet wiring.
 Wireless modems use cellular, satellite or
WiFi protocols to connect to a WLAN,
which can then provide Internet service.
Web Server
 Web servers are computers on the internet that
host websites, serving pages to viewers upon
request. This service is referred to as web
 Every web server has a unique address so that
other computers connected to the internet know
where to find it on the vast network. The IP
(Internet Protocol) address looks something like
this: This address maps to a
more human friendly address, such as
 Likethe firewalls used in homes and buildings,
computer firewalls act as a barrier between
computers on a network.
 For companies with a computer network or for
individuals with a permanent connection to the
internet (such as through DSL or cable), a
firewall is critical. Without a firewall, intruders on
the network would likely be able to destroy,
tamper with or gain access to the files on your
Wireless Networking
 Networking allows two or more computers to
interface with each other, whether in an office, a
library or other type of establishment, or at
home. Running cables throughout an office or a
house can be tedious and time-consuming,
 making wireless networking - a network of
interfaced computers that doesn't require any
hardwired connection between the computers -
the ideal choice for many businesses and
A wireless router uses an
antenna to send signals to
wireless devices and a wire to
send signals to the Internet
 you plug in your router, it should start
working at its default settings. Most
routers let you use a Web interface to
change your settings.
You can select:
 The name of the network, known as its
service set identifier (SSID)
 The channel that the router uses
 Your router's security options
To keep your network private, you can use
one of the following methods:
 Wired Equivalency Privacy (WEP)
 WiFi Protected Access (WPA)
 Media Access Control (MAC)