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Prepared By:

Group 6
MMS B

Jayesh Mhatre
Mayank Jhawar
Mukesh Agrawal
Naman Mahansaria
Nikesh Mishra
Pooja Jaiswal

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What is Leadership?

Leadership Styles

Autocratic
Participative
Lassies Fare
Charismatic
Transformational
Transactional

Conclusion

Leadership is a vital role in any organization. It involves defining the


direction of a team and communicating it to people, motivating,
inspiring and empowering them to contribute to achieving
organizational success.
Leadership requires being strategically focused and applying
behavioral techniques to build commitment and attain the best work
from your people.

Under the autocratic leadership style, all decision-making powers are


centralized in the leader, as with dictator leaders.
They do not entertain any suggestions or initiatives from
subordinates. The autocratic management has been successful as it
provides strong motivation to the manager.
It permits quick decision-making, as only one person decides for the
whole group and keeps each decision to himself until he feels it is
needed to be shared with the rest of the group.
High degree of dependency on the leader
May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be
made quickly and decisively.

A striking example of an autocratic leader in the corporate world was


Leona Helmsley of the Helmsley hotel chain. Her combative style
earned her the tabloid nickname "the Queen of Mean.

While Leonas autocratic leadership style did make the Helmsley hotel
chain popular, her demands of perfection from everyone, and her
exacting ways scraped the dignity of everyone on her payroll, from the
cleaning staff to top executives. She allegedly treated people like
garbage, one example being to fire on the spot a secretary daring to
use the Helmsley Palace dry cleaner to remove an accidental spill on
her cloth, even though she had worked diligently for eight years.

A democratic manager delegates authority to the staff, giving them


responsibility to complete the task.
Staff will complete the tasks using their own work methods on time.
Employees are involved in decision making giving them a sense
motivating individuals.
Increases job satisfaction by involving employees or team members .
Slow decision making process.

According to us Carlos Ghosn, CEO of Renault and Nissan is a


Participative Leader.
He always provided his employees challenges to perform better and
made them believe that he trusted them.
He believed in empowering his employees to take decisions.
He believed that change in the organizational structure should come
from the bottom and not be forced from the top management.

A free rein leader does not lead, but leaves the group entirely to itself
such a leader allows maximum freedom to subordinates, i.e. they are
given a free hand in deciding their own policies and methods.
Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important.
Can be highly motivational, as people have control over their working
life
Can make coordination and decision making time-consuming and
lacking in overall direction
Relies on good team work.
Relies on good interpersonal relations.

As an example, a CEO of a huge food and beverage company allows


departments to operate on their own without his direct supervision. In
case the CEO sets expectations for the departments operations, he
provides the needed resources to meet their objectives. But, the
department managers and workers identify how they will achieve the
objectives.

Charismatic Leadership
A charismatic leadership style can appear similar to a
transformational leadership style, in that the leader injects huge
doses of enthusiasm into his or her team, and is very energetic in
driving others forward.
However, a charismatic leader tends to believe more in him- or
herself than in their team.
This can create a risk that a project, or even an entire
organization, might collapse if the leader were to leave: In the
eyes of their followers, success is tied up with the presence of
the charismatic leader.
As such, charismatic leadership carries great responsibility,
and needs long-term commitment from the leader.

Transformational leadership is a type of leadership style that can


inspire positive changes in those who follow.
Transformational leaders are generally energetic, enthusiastic, and
passionate. Not only are these leaders concerned and involved in the
process; they are also focused on helping every member of the group
succeed as well.

Idealized Influence: Provides vision and sense of mission, instills


pride, gains respect and trust.

Inspiration: Communicates high expectations, uses symbols to focus


efforts, expresses important purposes in simple ways.

Intellectual Stimulation: Promotes intelligence, rationality, and


careful problem solving.

Individualized Consideration: Gives personal attention, treats each


employee individually, coaches, advises.

There have been many transformational changes in technology and


undoubtedly there will be many more. The development of computing
technology by Apple, IBM, Intel, Microsoft and others in the late 1970s
and the early 1980s was a transformational event.

Apple co-founder Steve Jobs and others transformed business


processes through software applications and high-speed
microprocessors.
Internet
marked
another
technological
transformation like, amazon and eBay pioneered e-commerce.

Leaders who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of


established goals by clarifying role and task requirements.

Contingent Reward:

Contracts exchange of rewards for effort, promises rewards for good


performance, recognizes accomplishments.

Management by Exception:
Watches and searches for deviations from rules and standards, takes
corrective action.

People ask the difference between a leader and a boss. The leader

leads, and the boss drives.

Leadership style is all about the approach you adopt as a leader

There are various styles available and various factors which influence

which style you adopt

Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.