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Prepositions

Wed be lost without them!

Hi, Im Spooky, Miss


Santerres cat. I told my
Mom that she needed to stop
boring you with that boring
notes-on-grammar stuff. So
today Im going to help her
teach you about prepositions.

This stuff is important, though, so


anytime you see this symbol
make sure that piece of info goes
down in your notes.

What is a
Preposition?

Spooky is sleeping on the bed.

Spooky is wrapped in a towel.

Spooky is hiding under the


staircase.

Have you figured it out yet?

A preposition is a word that


relates a noun or pronoun to
another word.

The ant on the floor captured


Spookys attention.

The preposition on connects floor with ant


and shows the relationship between them.

Most common prepositions


Aboard
Above
Across
After
Against
Along
Among
Around
At

Before
Behind
Below
Beneath
Beside
Between
Beyond
By
Concerning
Down

During
Except
For
From
In
Inside
Into
Like
Near
Of

Toward
Under
Underneath
Off
Until
On
Up
Out
Outside Upon
With
Over
Within
Past
Without
Since
Through
Throughout
To

A phrase is a group of words.


A prepositional phrase is one that begins with
a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun
as its object..

Out on the porch is the prepositional phrase.


Out on is the preposition. (sometimes
prepositions consist of more than one word.)
Porch is the object of the preposition.

A prepositional phrase can


NEVER be the subject of a
sentence.

So when you have trouble finding subjects,

just get rid of the prepositional phrases. That will


narrow your search to what's left.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

During the football game,

I snuck into the kitchen.


The scraps from dinner were in the garbage.
Except for the dog, no one was at home.
With one nudge, I pushed the can on its side.
Until the end of the game, I could snack on the
scraps with no fear of interruption

Prepositional Phrases
Role of a prepositional phrase
is to describe a word or group
of words that appear in the
same sentence

Adjective Phrase
Adjective

Phrase: a prepositional
phrase that modifies, or describes
a noun or pronoun (just like a
regular adjective would)

Spooky attacked the fly on the wall.


On the wall describing the fly (noun)
(names which fly it is), so its an
adjective.
Spooky drank the milk from the saucer.
from the saucer describes the milk
(noun) and tells the reader where the
milk is, so it is an adjective.

Adverb Phrase
A

prepositional phrase that may


modify, or describe, a verb.
Its a phrase, beginning with a
preposition, that acts like an
adverb.

Examples

At night, Spooky
sleeps in bed with me.

The prepositional
phrases At night, in
bed, and with me
describe when and
where Spooky is
sleeping.

Spooky often hides in the sink

In the sink
and often
describe
where and
when Spooky
sleeps
(verb).
Often is a regular adverb & On his back is
an adverbial prepositional phrase.

You know that a verb must agree


in number with its subject. A
singular subject (the mouse,
she, the ball must have a
singular verb (tastes, pets
rolls)

Otherwise, the sentence sounds off,


right?
For example, the mouse taste
good is grammatically wrong. She
pet me, doesnt work either. But
The mouse tastes good and She
pets me works!

Agreement is easy when the subject


and the verb appear side by side.
Sometimes, however, the prepositional
phrase comes between the subject and the
verb.

Remember how I said a prepositional


phrase cannot be the subject of the
sentence? A prepositional phrase is
there to act as an adverb or an adjective.
An adverb or an adjective cannot be the
subject of a sentence either!

So, you need to make sure the


verb agrees with the subject of the
sentence and not the noun in the
prepositional phrase.

The other cats in my house respect that I


am Miss Santerres favorite.
In my house is a prepositional phrase. The
verb respect agrees with the subject
cats, not with the noun house which is
in the prepositional phrase.

When figuring out the


subject of a sentence,
cross out the
prepositional phrases,
and determine the
subject and verb from
the words that are left!

Macmillan English
For Extra
Practice for
Homework

p. 119 #1-10
p. 121 #1-10
p. 123 #1-12

PS: Sorry about the


homework. She
promised me extra
cat treats if I assigned
homework.

For More Practice