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R

Oppo
Biomass
Conversion
Efficient
conversion and
feedstock
development

Gasification, Capture, &


Sequestration Validation of
sequestration Integration with
gasification processes

Carbon Fuels

Hydrogen
Hydrogen RD&D
Cost & energy density of onboard storage & use Distribution
and carbon-free production
infrastructure

Electricity

Energy
Storage High
performance
materials and
systems

Systems Approach Propulsion and auxiliary systems improvements Optimization


across supply, delivery, end use and intersections with other infrastructures

Vehicle Efficiency
Advanced
combustion,
lightweight
materials, reduced
parasitic losses

Advanced Vehicles and Fuels Options


Hydrogen
Conventional Hybrid Electric Plug-in Hybrid VehiclesICE
Vehicles Vehicles Vehicles or Fuel Cell

Corn Ethanol, Cellulosic Ethanol


Biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch Diesel
Natural Gas other Petrochemicals

Electricity
from Grid
Distributed
Renewable
Electricity

Hydrogen
from Natural
Gas
Renewable
Hydrogen

Real-World PHEV In-Use Fuel


Consumption
227 vehicles from St. Louis each modeled as a conventional, hybrid and PHEV

Percentage of Vehicle Fleet In Use (%)

Average Daily Costs

Gas.
$315
HEV
PHEV20
PHEV40

Elec.

0/mi

P-

8.3

$2.21

5.8

$1.41

$0.48

5.0

$1.08

$0.72

4.7

Assumes $2.15/gal and 90/kWh

PHEVs: ~40%
reduction in
operating costs
~$460 annual
savings

PHEV Battery Design Optimization


Designing PHEV batteries to meet requirements, such as
DOE/USABC, at minimum cost.
Life Model

Performance Model

A, = l
11 A =

Mr)
Electrohle

Source: INL, LBNL

' ^ Drt^low Xrmnmm F1HM r$lfeMng r|^0*ph

Optimization

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Cost Model

Future?

Diesel 30%
Gasoline 40%

Biodiesel 5%
Electricity 15%

Fischer-Tropsch Diesel
5%
Grain Ethanol-E85
5%

Lots of business opportunity at the intersections

Applications well under development today and projected to be pervasive in all new vehicles
by 2020

&fcy

Intersection control violations

Lane/rcad dsparture

Read surface and pavement conditions

3KVdistance vision

Active suspension and stability control.

Oynam c route gu ilance and navigation

Motorist information on incidents, special events, weather and work tones

Data downloads (entertainment, media, home network, personal prefirences)

Recovery of stolen vehicles

Electronic payments including toll, drive-through, parking, road preirg.

Sum
Remote vehicle diagnostic

Remote vehicle prog nasties and self healing

Transfer of vehide data based on warranty

Customer relations management including vehcb use profiles and dtaler use data

Driving-based behavior service'schedulingi'abrWnotifbation.


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