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# Internal Training Session

## Topic Centrifugal Pump

Centrifugal Force ??

## Impeller- converts the driver energy into

the kinetic energy
Volute (diffuser)- converts kinetic energy
into pressure energy

## Kinetic energy to Pressure energy

Cavitation

NPSH
Characteristic Curve
Efficiency

P = g h
For water
= 1000 kg/m3
g = 9.81 m/s2
H= 10 m
P= 1000 x 9.81 x 10 = 98000 kg/ms2

Remember

=98 kPa

## 1 kg/cm2 = 0.9678 atm

=0.96 atm
= 0.98 bar

1 kg/cm2 = 0.980bar
1 kg/cm2 =98.066 kPa

Cavitations

## NPSH = Static Head Vapor pressure

Remember
Head Increases, velocity decreases. Hence flowrate decreases.
(Flowrate = velocity x area)

mm impeller dia.

Discharge
pressure 3.7
kg/cm2 (37 m)

NPSH
(required)=
2.5 m
Q= 49.5 m3/hr

kw

Pump Efficiency

## Hydraulic power calculation

Data :
Q = 49.5 m3/hr
Discharge pressure = 3.7 kg/cm2
Efficiency at duty point = 77 %

## Hydraulic power (Kw)

Hydraulic power (Kw)

3600 x1000

3600 x1000

Shaft power (Kw)

## Hydraulic power (kw) x 100

Pump efficiency (%)

5 x 100
77

## Shaft power (kw) = 6.45 kw

It is 6.45 kw from
performance curve

## Pump Overall Efficiency

Data :
I = 10.47 A
V = 406 V
Cos =0.86

Electrical Power

Overall efficiency

= 3 x V x I x Cos
= 3 x 406 x 10.47 x 0.86
= 6331 W
= 6.331 kW
Pump hydraulic power
Electrical power

5
6.33

Types

## Max Q= 1012 m3/h

Series 1510

Centrifugal Pumps

## Max Q= 55000 m3/h

Close-Coupled Pump

## Max Q= 598 m3/h

Centrifugal Pumps

## Large, Line Mounted Pump

Max Q= 598 m3/h

Series 80
Centrifugal Pumps

Multi-stage pumps
Max Q= 138 m3/h

Centrifugal Pumps

Multi-stage pump

Centrifugal Pumps

## Max Q= 1840 m3/h

Centrifugal Pumps

## Why Centrifugal pump?

the pump discharge rate is steady and not pulsating

## the pump is suitable for high flow rates

the pump can handle liquids containing solids, although excessively large particles can
damage the pump
to a certain extent, the pump can be used as a metering pump if the drive can be
controlled
the pump is not self-priming; even when it is in operation, it is important
that no vapour or air should be allowed to accumulate in the pump;

## the pump is not suitable for high discharge pressures;

the pump is less suited to low flow rates and accurate metering.

Practical training

## Typical single suction impeller

Centrifugal Pumps

## Single suction impeller

Centrifugal Pumps

Impeller Types
Open
Semi-open
Closed
- Single suction
- Double suction
Non-clogging
Axial flow
Mixed flow
Centrifugal Pumps

Seals
Environment

Vessel
Wall

Shaft
Process
Fluid

Leakage

Centrifugal Pumps

## Standard construction, any impeller

Mechanical seal
Internally flushed, seal cavity
Variety of seal materials

Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps

Coupling

Bearings