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Benjamin C.

Whitehead, PE
Benjamin J. Klayman, PhD, PE

Case Study: Commissioning


New Rapid Sand Filters at
Donald K. Shine Water Treatment Plant

July 2010

July 2010

Plant Flow Schematic

July 2010

South Treatment Facility Phase IB Expansion

July 2010

Type of Filtration

Six New Conventional Rapid Sand Filters


Roberts Leotech Underdrain w/IMS Cap
12-inches Sand
24-inches Anthracite
Water and Air Scour Backwash
1360 sq.ft. per Filter
4 gpm / sq.ft.

July 2010

New Filter Installation

Filter Underdrain
J-Tube Riser Air
Scour Manifold

July 2010

New Filter Installation

Grout Infill

July 2010

Grout Bed

New Filter Installation

July 2010

Completed Underdrain

Filter Media Installation

July 2010

Completed Filter Cell

July 2010

Filter Backwash Equipment

Air Scour Blower


Gardner-Denver
Multi-stage
300

Centrifugal

Hp
5440 scfm @ 6.2 psig

Backwash Pump
Perless

Pump Company
Vertical Turbine Mixed Flow
250 Hp
32 MGD @ 17.5-feet TDH
July 2010

Filter Backwash
Backwash Sequence
Drain filter to 6-inches above
Initiate Air Scour 2 minutes

media

Add

4 gpm/sq.ft. Low Rate BW (8 MGD) until just


below troughs
Stop Air Scour and continue Low Rate water only to
top of trough
Initiate 17 gpm/sq.ft. High Rate BW (32 MGD) 4
minutes
Low rate BW (8 MGD) for 1 minute
10 minute settling delay
Open effluent valve 2 minutes after filling starts

Backwash is reclaimed / returned to raw


water influent of the plant

July 2010

STF Filter

July 2010

Filter Backwash Selectable Parameters

July 2010

Backwash with Air Scour

July 2010

Backwash with Air Scour

July 2010

Backwash

July 2010

Backwash

July 2010

MDNRE Requirements
2 Consecutive 15 min. NTU > 1.0
2 Consecutive NTU > 0.5 first 4 hours
2 Consecutive NTU > 1.0, 3 consecutive months
2 Consecutive NTU > 2.0, 2 consecutive months

B&V / City of Wyoming Start-up Goals


Maintain NTU < 0.3 (<0.1 normally)
< 0.1 NTU @ 7 MGD

July 2010

Commissioning Plan
How do we get there?
Careful Planning
Start Slowly
Filter to Rest
Monitor/Operate Closely
Flow
Turbidity
Headloss

July 2010

Commissioning Pre-requisites
Media Washing/Screening
VOC testing
Chlorination
Instrumentation / Alarms
Monitoring / Trending
SCADA Control
Backwash Equipment
Backwash Sequence
Transfer Pumping
July 2010

Commissioning Plan
Initial Start-up:
Initiate Filter Off-line (Filter-to-Waste)

1 MGD, Filter-to-Waste until < 0.3 NTU

Filter

On-line: 1 MGD

> 0.3 NTU, Initiate Settling-delay: 4 hours


Re-test: <0.1 NTU up to 3 MGD

Seasoning:
2 weeks up to 3 MGD
1 week off-line

July 2010

Commissioning Plan
Performance Test:
Run Filter Several minutes
Backwash
Place On-line, 1 to 3 MGD
Ramp 0.5 MGD @ 30 min intervals
>

0.2 NTU Initiates Continuous Monitoring


> 0.3 NTU Initiates Filter-to-Waste

Ramp to 7 MGD for 1 hour < 0.1NTU

July 2010

SCADA Screen STF Filter Overview

July 2010

Filter No. 13 Start-up


0.8

Flow
Head Loss
Turbidity

Flow (MGD) / Head Loss (ft)

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
1/4

1/5

1/6

1/7

1/8

Time
July 2010

1/9

1/10

1/11

0
1/12

Turbidity (NTU)

Filter Performance (Results)


Filter Influent Turbidity: +/- 0.3 NTU
Filter Effluent Turbidity: < 0.1 NTU @ 7 MGD
Filter Effluent Turbidity: 0.02-0.07 after Initial
Commissioning & Current Conditions
Filter Headloss: 1 to 7.5-feet
Run Time: 200 hours - New and Existing
Filters
4X

longer after expansion


Previously 40-60 hours
July 2010

Filter Performance

Meurer Research Inc. Plate Settling Equipment

July 2010

Field Engineering Improvements

Reduced Washwater Quantity


Reduced High Rate
Total Wash Volume

Wash: 10 minutes to 4 minutes


= 75 gal / sq.ft. (100,000 gal)
Industry Standard = 150-180 gal / sq.ft. (250,000 gal)
Allows for 5 Consecutive Backwashes to Reclaim

Operator Adjustable Settling Delay


Washwater Launder Stabilization
Headloss Instrumentation Calibration
Air Distribution Optimization

July 2010

Questions?

- 31

July 2010

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