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“Metering”

is an essential part of
the settlement system.

Quantities metered

Active Power, P
Reactive Power, Q
Frequency, f
Voltage, V
Power factor, cos Ǿ
“ Metrology ”
the science of
measurement
“ Measurement ”
determining the value of a
quantity,

with
- ACCURACY
- REPEATABILITY
- REPRODUCIBILITY
- PRECISION
- RESOLUTION
Section 28 (3) of the Electricity
Act 2003
‘The Regional Load Despatch Centre shall

a) be responsible for optimum


scheduling and despatch of
electricity within the region in
accordance with the contracts
entered into with the licensees or
the generating companies
operating in the region.

b) ..

c) keep accounts of quantity of


electricity transmitted through
Section 32 (2) of the Electricity
Act 2003
‘The State Load Despatch Centre shall

a) be responsible for optimum


scheduling and despatch of
electricity within a State in
accordance with the contracts
entered into with the licensees or
the generating companies
operating in that State.
b) ..

c) keep accounts of quantity of


electricity transmitted through
the State grid.’
Settlement System-
Approach
RLDCs and SLDCs will have a key
role in the metering and settlement
system

• RLDCs at the regional level


• SLDCs at the State level

Objective of the settlement system is to


determine

Who bills whom for how much quantum of


power and how much money?
1) Power trading has to be notional
:
buyer to pay the agreed amount
to the supplier for scheduled
quantum of power.

2) Payment for variations from


the schedule through a
common mechanism, e.g. U.I.

TO AVOID DISPUTES
TRADE Rs. 2.20/ u
Rs. 2.00/ u
R for 10 MW
for 10 MW

PAYMENTS
A B

UI for UI for
2 MW 2 MW

UI POOL A/C
SRLDC
WRLDC

MSEB / SCHEDULING, AP
MSLDC METERING, TRANSCO/
APLDC
UI
SETTLEMENT

TATA DISCOM-A
POWER
AGREEMENT
& PAYMENT
FOR
SCHEDULED
QUANTUM
ENERGY ACCOUNTING

Active energy accounting for Embedded


customers:

1) SLDC to forward its own drawal schedule


and the drawal/injection schedule of the
embedded customers separately to RLDC
on day ahead basis.

2) Composite UI bill to the State


(SEB/TRANSCO) as is being done now.

Further apportioning/recovery of UI
charges from the various Discoms and
embedded customers in the State -
EVALUATION OF STATE DRAWAL
USING SPECIAL ENERGY METERS
STATE ‘A’ ∑ HV SIDE OF 400/220 kV ICTs exclusively
DRAWAL = feeding state ‘a’
+
∑ Inter state lines operating in integrated mode
metered at state ‘A’ end
+
∑ Lines from ISGS/CTU/BBMB (220 kV & above)
stations to state ‘a’ metered at state ‘a’ end
+
∑ HV side of 220/132 kV, 220/66 kV and 220/33 kV
ICTs in case of BBMB & PDD, J&K substations
exclusively feeding state ‘A’
+
∑ Radial inter state infeeds to state ‘A’ metered at
sending end

Note : • BBMB network treated similar as CTU network


i.e.ISTS
Standby metering points have
been selected taking into account

– Accuracy and reliability of


metering system

– Minimisation of data collection


efforts arising out of an increase
in number of locations
Summary of Special Energy
Meters (SEMs) in India
……………………………………………...
REGION NO. OF NO.
OF
LOCATIONS
METERS
………………………………………………
N.R 200
1088
E.R 80* 267*
W.R 70* 352*
S.R 75*
271*
N.E.R 50*
Special Energy Meters
(SEMs) specifications

• 0.2 S accuracy class for active


power as per IEC-687, 1992

• Static, totally tamper proof

• Two standard models-1A and 5A

• Non-volatile memory for ten days


Special Energy Meters
(SEMs) specifications

• Harmonics filtered out and


only
the fundamental energy
recorded.

• Recording in secondary
quantities. CT/CVT ratios to
be applied at control centre.

• Net energy (Wh) exchange in


Special Energy Meters
(SEMs) specifications
• Cumulative Wh transmittal at
each mid-night.

• Average frequency in each 15-


minute time block stores as a
two- digit code.

• Cumulative reactive energy


register for voltage below 97%
Special Energy Meters
(SEMs) specifications
• Cumulative reactive energy
register for voltage above
103%

• High accuracy of internal clock


(one minute per month or
better) with restricted
advance/retard facility.

• VT supply disturbance time


Special Energy Meters
(SEMs) specifications

• No separate auxiliary supply- only


optical coupler for data collection.

• Calibration once in five years at a


test lab (0.05 accuracy class test
equipment or better)

• On-site accuracy check once a


year using portable 0.2S test
equipment
Energy Accounting

• Monday to Sunday is the weekly accounting period

• SEM readings collected and transferred to RLDCs on


Monday/Tuesday

• Processed data forwarded to RPCs on


Thursday/Friday

• Weekly UI/Reactive account issued by RPCs on


Tuesday

• Based on scheduling data REA is issued by RPCs


Monthly.