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Holographic

Technology

Holography
Holographyisatechniquethatallowsthelightscatteredfroman
objecttoberecordedandlaterreconstructed.
Itisanadvancedformofphotographythatallowsanimagetobe
recordedinthreedimensions.
Thetechniquetoopticallystore,retrieve,andprocessinformation.
Preservethe3-Dinformationofaholographedsubject

Holographic Characteristics
A high resolution three
dimensional recording of an
object
Glassesfree3Ddisplay
Noneedforprojectionscreen
Lifelikeimages
Interactivedisplay

History
DennisGabor-FatherofHolographyandHolographicTechnologies
1947:DennisGabordevelopedthetheoryofholography
Denniswroteapaperin1948thathasbecomethefoundationofmodern
Holography.
Themostinterestingthingaboutallthisisthatlaserlighthadnotevenbeen
inventedyet,whenhewrotehispaper

Cont.
1983:Master-cardbecamethefirstcreditcardwhichusedthe
hologram
2009:Interactiveholographicdisplayhasbeendeveloped
2010:Developmentoffirstmoving3-Dhologram.

How Hologram Works


The time-varying light field of a scene with all its
physical

properties

is

to

be

recorded

and

then

regenerated.
Hence the working of holography is divided into two
phases:

Recording
Reconstruction

Principle

Types of Hologram
A.Reflex hologram

Illuminatedbyaspotofwhiteincandescentlightsource,fromfrontabove
Theimageconsistsoflightreflectedbythehologram
Produces multicolor holograms, makes
indistinguishablefromtheoriginalobjects

images

optically

B. Transmission hologram

Viewed with laser light, usually of the same type used to make the
recording
Needlightsourcebehindthem
Virtualimagecanbeverysharpanddeep
C. Computer-generated holograms

Noneedforarealobject
Interferencepatterniscalculateddigitally,usingalgorithms

Advances in technology

Touchableholograms
Tactile holographic display
withhapticfeedback
Horizontal 360 view of a
imageontabletop
User interfacing integrated
displays

APPLICATIONS
Entertainment
Teaching and training
Virtual communication
Simulation and planning
Military and space application

TEACHING AND
TRAINING
One on one with holographic images
Guest speaker
Virtual Professor
Sport technique coaching and training

VIRTUAL
COMMUNICATION
Election Campaign (Ex. Narendra modi's
3D holographic projection speech)
Virtual sales presentation
Corporate meetings without travel
State department VR
The presidential visit

PRODUCT LAUNCH USING


HOLOGRAPHY
BMS andPfizer wanted maximum impact
for the launch of their major new
medicine for the treatment of strokes.
So they created the 3D experience
exhibition
stand
that
featuresholographiccontent designed to
showcase the new drug and its benefits.
It certainly created a buzz at theworld
heart federation2014 conference

PLANNING AND
SIMULATION
Disaster planning
Traffic, transportation
distribution flows

MILITARY AND SPACE


APPLICATION
Holographic decoys and deception
applications
VR training and mind conditioning
Holographic check points
Holographic tech in space

Advantages
Costeffective
Higherstoragecapacity
Increasedfeasibilityofobjects(depth)
Enablestheachievementofmultipleimagesonasingleplate
and3Dimages
Abilitytocombinewithothertechnologies

Disadvantages
Providestaticimages
Donotproduceimagesofcomplexmovement
Requirecomplicatedprecisemachinerytoproduceandview
animage
Lowaxialresolutionofinlineholography
Referenceilluminationbeamsarecollinear.

References
Holographic Projection Technology: The World is Changing.; Ahmed
Elmorshidy, Ph.D JOURNAL OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2,
MAY 2010
Capture, processing, and display of real-world 3D objects using
digital holography; Thomas J. Naughton; 2010 IEEE Invited Paper
Touchable Holography; Takayuki Hoshi; The University of Tokyo; 2009
Holographic 3-D Displays - Electro-holography within the Grasp of
Commercialization; Stephan Reichelt, Ralf Haussler, Norbert Leister, Gerald
Futterer, Hagen Stolle and Armin Schwerdtner (2010)
How Holograms Work.; Wilson, Tracy V. 2010. HowStuffWorks, Inc.
Downloaded November 05, 2010.
<http://science.howstuffworks.com/hologram.html>

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