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Kabuki

of
Japan
By : Group 1

Kabuki
A form of traditional
Japanese drama with
highly stylized song, mime, and dance, now
per-formed only by male actors.
act dissolutely

Ka song, bu dance, ki
art/skill

the art of singing and dancing


Derived from Kabuku to lean, to
be out of ordinary
Kabukimono - referred originally to
those who were bizarrely dressed and
paraded on a street.
Kabuki theater known for the
stylization of its drama and for the
elaborate makeup worn by some of its
performers.

The Kabuki
Stage Features

Hanamichi
A flower path, a walkway
which extends to the
audience via which dramatic entrances and exits are
made.
Okuni also performs on a
hanamichi stage with her
entourage.

Kogakudo
Kabuki theaters that have
stages both in front of the
audience and along the
sides.
Help create a bond between
the actors and viewers.

Mawaro butal

The interior of the theater


contains a revolving stage.

Suppon

A platform
that rises
from below
the stage.

Hanamicho
A walkway that cuts through
the audience seating area to
connect the stage with the
back of the theater
Magicians and supernatural
beings often make their
entrances from trap doors in
the hanamichi.

The Three Main


Categories of the
Kabuki Play

Jidaimono

Historical or pre-Sengoku period


stories.
Were set within the context of
major events in Japanese
history.
Strict censorship laws during the Edo
period prohibited the representation of
contemporary events and particularly
prohibited criticising the shogunate or
casting it in a bad light, although
enforcement varied greatly over the years.

Sewamono
Domestic or postSengoku stories.
Focused primarily upon
commoners. Generally
related to themes of family drama and romance.

Shosagoto
Dance pieces

Elements of
Kabuki

Mi
The actor holds a picturesque
epose to establish his character
& his house name yago, is
some-times heard in loud
shout (kake- goe) from an
expert audience member,
serving both to express and
enhance the audiences
appreciation of the actors
achievement. An even greater
compliment can be paid by
shouting the name of the
actors father Kesho.

2 Main Categories of Actors


Onna-goto

female roles

Aragoto

male roles

Makeup

One of the most iconic parts of kabuki. Actors


apply their own make-up by painting their
faces and necks white, then adding stylized
lines in red, black or blue.
Aragoto - red and blue
Onna-gata (young women) - have very little
paint

Rice powder is used to create the white


oshiroi base for the characteristic stage
makeup.
Kumadori enhances or exaggerates facial
lines to produce dramatic animal or
supernatural character.
Red ~ passion, heroism, righteousness, other
positive traits
Pink ~ youthful joy
Light Blue ~ an even temper
Pale Green ~ peacefulness
Blue/Black ~ villainy, jealousy, other negative
traits
Green ~ supernatural
Purple ~ nobility

Kabuki is performed in full-day


programs. Audiences escape from
the day-to-day world, devoting a full
day to entertainment. Though some
individual plays, particularly the
historical jidaimono, might last an
entire day, most were shorter and
sequenced with other plays in order
to produce a full-day program.

The play occupies five acts.


Jo ~ an auspicious and slow opening
which introduces the audience to the
characters and the plot.
Ha ~ speeding events up,
culminating almost in a great
moment of drama or tragedy in the
third act and possibly a battle in the
second and/or fourth acts.
Kyu ~ always short, providing a
quick and satisfying conclusion.

Kabuki Props
Are often quite interesting.
Flowing water is usually represented
by fluttering tolls of linen; or
creatures like insects and foxes.
Fans are used to symbolize wind, a
sword, a tobacco pipe, waves, or
food.

Costumes
Swung from sticks or manipulated by
helpers who come on stage dressed in black
hooded; they are invisible to the audience.
The female characters generally wear an
elaborate kimono and obi.
Pleated hakuma trousers are worn by
characters of sexes.
Actors playing both sexes often have
supported midriff because a straight and
curveless figure are regarded the essence of
beauty.

Costume Changing
Considered as an art.
There are special teams that
take care of complete and
partial costume changes and
are done as part of the
performances.

Wigs

Are important accessories, with each


costume having its own type.
Specialized craftsmen shape the wigs
to the head.
Are made of:
Human hair

Horse hair
Bear fur
Yak-tail hair