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English 2 - Reading & Writing

Lecturer: Pamela Saerang, SPd.

English 2 - Reading Writing


Chpt. 1 ~ Identity and Learning
Chpt. 2 ~ Language and Learning
Chpt. 3 ~ Deciding on Career
Chpt. 4 ~ Marketing Across Time and
Space
Chpt. 5 ~ Parenting, Gender and
Stereotypes
Chpt. 6 ~ Becoming a Member of a

English 2 - Reading

Unit I - Education
Chapter 2 LANGUAGE AND LEARNING
Chapter 2

Introduction: Emailing a Professor


General Interest: The Brain, Learning and Memory
Academic: Methods of Learning a New Language

Reading Strategies

Understanding Tone
Guessing the New Meanings of New Words: Examples
Using Graphic Organizers
Guessing the Meaning of New Words: Parentheses

Writing and Writing

Focus: Paragraph Describing a Good way to Learn a

Strategies

Language
Strategy: Getting Ideas

English 2 - Reading

Unit I - Education
Chapter 2 LANGUAGE AND LEARNING
The Mechanics of

Using the Word Or

Writing

Punctuation with But


Words in Phrases: Words after Prepositions
Using Because

Critical Thinking

Synthesizing

Strategies

Recognizing Relationships Between Ideas


Applying Knowledge
Classifying

Unit I - Education
Chapter 2 LANGUAGE AND LEARNING

READING
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:

M Aquino Maria Aquino@earthlife.com


Fri, 10 Nov. 2009 15:45:28
Jennifer Klein: jenny250@earthlife.com
RE: Missed Class

Hi Jen,
Sorry I didnt get back to you till now! I was absent, too, so Im afraid I cant
answer your questions. And I have some really, really bad news for both of us.
According to Sara, theres an exam on Friday!!! Were gonna have to study FAST!
Okay, heres what I know: The exam is gonna cover all the stuff on the human
brain from Chapters 7 & 8, and we need to know those different teaching
methods from Chapter 9 you know, different ways to teach a foreign language.
But one of us needs to email prof. because maybe she assigned more. We need
the class notes, too.
Ill email Dr. Snow if you get the notes from Sara, ok? Talk with you later.

Unit I - Education

Chapter 2 LANGUAGE AND LEARNING

READING
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:

M Aquino Maria Aquino@earthlife.com


Fri, 10 Nov. 2009 16:11:57
Professor Snow <Drsnow@HSUF.edu>
RE: Missed Class

Dear Dr. Snow,


I am sorry to bother you, but I need a little help. Due to a family emergency, I
was absent for the last two meetings of your 9:00 Education 251 class. Now Im
trying to prepare for the exam on Friday. Could you please answer two
questions? 1) Will it be a multiple-choice test or an essay exam? 2) Is the exam
going to cover only chapters 7, 8 and 9, or will there be something else?
I appreciate your help?
Thank you
Maria

Unit I - Education

Chapter 2 LANGUAGE AND LEARNING

READING
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:

Amanda Snow <DrsnowHSUF.edu>


Sun, 12 Nov. 2009 9:32:45
M. Aquino <Maria_Aquino@earthlife.com>
RE: Missed Class

Hi Maria,
Im glad you asked! It will be an essay exam and yes, there are two more
reading assignments. You need to read Chapters 4 and 11 in the other book,
Teaching with the Brain and Mind. One chapter is on the influence of the
classroom environment on students. The other chapter is about the role of
memory in learning. Theyre very clear. I dont think youll have a problem.
See you in class,
Amanda Snow

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING
1. Both Maria and Jennifer were absent.
2. There is going to be an exam in two weeks.
3. The exam will be in essay.
4. The class is in biology
5. The students need to read chapters in two different books.
6. What is to learn from chapter 9?
7. Where can they find the Influence of the classroom environment on
students.
8. What is the content of Chapter 11?

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


UNDERSTANDING TONE
Some letters and emails are formal proper, careful and correct.
Some are informal casual and friendly similar to the way people speak.
INFORMAL

Used with friends

Used with peers

Sometimes uses incorrect spelling for


the way words sound (gonna)

FORMAL
Used with people you dont know
well
Used with managers, professors,
and other to show respect

Uses some informal words and slang

Use correct spelling (going to)

(stuff)

Uses formal vocabulary (family

Can show emotion

Uses multiple punctuation marks (????, Doesnt use unnecessary


!!!)

emergency)
punctuation marks

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


VOCABULARY
Guessing the meaning of a word: Dashes
1. For a few years, one educational method is popular. Then a new approach method
appears, and everything changes.
2. In the right environment, neurons brain cells grow new connections.
3. Brain cells need stimulation something new to experience.
4. The stimulation needs to be challenging difficult, but no too difficult.
5. It is important to find a solution an answer to the problem.
6. A mnemonic is a technique to help the memory.

Guessing the meaning of a word: Examples


1. Its important to have stimulation such as a new movie, a new friend, a new
place anything new.

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


READING: The Brain, Learning and Memory
New ways of teaching come and go. For a few years, one educational method is
popular, and many teachers use it. Then a new approach method appears, and
everything changes. So which ways are best? How can students learn fast and
well? A new book looks at the human brain to answer these questions. Eric
Jensens Teaching with the Brain in Mind is an important book for any serious,
creative reader.
Learning and the Brain
Scientists are studying the human brain. They know the genes determine 30-60
percent of the connections in our brain. Education and life experience determine
the other 40-70 percent. In his book, Jensen shares new discoveries and their
influence on education. We know this: Learning changes the brain. This is good
news. In a rich environment, neurons brain cells grow new connections. People
can become more intelligent. This is true of both children and adults.
What is Rich Environment?
The main characteristic of a rich environment is stimulation something new to
experience such as a new movie, a new friend, new information, a new place,
anything. The stimulation needs to be challengingdifficult, but not too difficult.
With too little stimulation, student lose interest. They become bored. With too

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


READING: The Brain, Learning and Memory
According to Jensen, the best way to grow a better brain is to have the challenge
of a new problem to work on. In a classroom, there are problem-solving exercises
to work on such as word games, puzzles, discussions, or real problems. It isnt
important to the brain to find solutionan answer to the problem. Neurons grow
because the brain is working to solve the problem, not because the solution is right
or wrong.
The Brain and Memory
Many people say, I have a bad memory. I cant remember peoples names or
words in a new language. In Teaching with the Brain in Mind, Jensen discusses
different types of memory. One type is linguistic memory of words, names,
numbers, and textbook information. Our new understanding of the brain tells us
this about linguistic memory: We remember best n chunks, not bits. Chunks
are bigger than bits. For example, a chunk is a group of words, a sentence, or a
song. A bit is one letter, one word, or one note of music. One way to remember
information in chunks is with mnemonics. A mnemonic is a technique to help the
memory. Mnemonic are helpful because they are chunks.

Unit I - Education

Chapter 1 Identity and Learning


READING: The Brain, Learning and Memory
COMMON MNEMONICS

To Help in Remembering

Mnemonics

The colors of the spectrum, in order:


Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo,
Violet

Roy G. Biv ( a mans


name)

The planets in order from the sun:


Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

My very educated mother


just sent us nine pencils

The spelling of some words: movie,


piece, receive

/ before E except after C

Another type of memory is body learning. This kind of memory lasts a very long
time. For example, most adults can still remember how to ride a bicycle many
years after they first learned. There is a connection between memory and physical
actions such as sports, dance, or simply moving around the classroom. The brain
and body remember together.
Eric Jensens excellent book I important reading for both new teachers and

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