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Product Allocation in APO-GATP

Product Allocation

What is Product Allocation?


Managing Demand when there is Constrained Supply.
The check against product allocations is used in situations where supply is
smaller than demand
This prevents one customer (or a few customers) from buying the complete
quantity and other requirements not being satisfied.
Confirms Sales Order to the extent that particular customer has an allocation.

Product Allocation

Product Allocation Overview


The product master determines the product allocation procedure.
The product allocation procedure contains a sequence of steps. Each step
represents a product allocation group with the associated product allocation
object and a set of characteristics for planning a time series of product
allocation quantities.
The planning area is where you plan the planned product allocation quantities
for the characteristics of the product allocation group. This data has to be
copied to the product allocation group on an on-going basis.
You can assign several product allocation objects to the product allocation
procedure.
A validity period exists for each object.
The system determines the relevant object on the basis of the check date. The
system allows three types of check dates: Delivery date, Material availability
date, Planned goods issue date.

Setting up of Product allocation

Create Master Planning Object Structure


Create Planning Area
Creating Product Allocation Object
Creating Product Allocation Group
Creating Product Allocation Procedure
Creating Sequence of Product Allocation Procedures
Creating Characteristic Value Combinations
Creating Connection to Planning Area
Copy Characteristics Combination from Planning Area

Product allocation Configuration

Master Data Prerequisites for setting up Product Allocation


In APO Product Master maintain the Allocation procedure and the
procedure Sequence under the ATP Data tab.

In ECC Material Master maintain the Allocation procedure and the


procedure Sequence under the ATO Data tab

Planning Area and Planning Object Structure


Planning Area and Planning Object structure should be created.
SAP SCM Menu -Advanced Planning and Optimization Demand Planning
Environment Administration of Demand Planning and Supply Network
Planning
Transaction Code/SAPAPO/MSDP_ADMIN

Product Allocation Object


The product allocation object is the reason for allocating quantities, and can
be Product or a product group, Component, Production line. The product
allocations object is assigned to a product allocations procedure.
SAP SCM - Implementation Guide Advanced Planning and Optimization
Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Product Allocation Maintain
Product Allocation Object

Product allocation group


Product allocation group contains a group of Characteristics and Key figures
Characteristics: define product allocation criteria
Key figures: planned and committed quantities
The product allocation group defines the data container used by product
allocation. Within the product allocation group, you define the characteristics
relevant for product allocation. The characteristics of the product allocation
group will be linked later on to characteristics of the planning area. The product
allocation group has two default key figures, order quantity and allocation
quantity, which will be linked against two key figures of the planning area later
on.
SAP SCM - Implementation Guide Advanced Planning and Optimization
Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Product Allocation Maintain
Product Allocation Group

Product Allocation Procedure


The product allocation procedure links the product allocation object against
the product allocation group, and defines validation horizons. The product
allocation procedure is maintained in the material master.
SAP SCM IMG Menu Advanced Planning and Optimization Global
Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Product Allocation Maintain Product
Allocation Procedure

Sequence of Product Allocation procedure


When more than one product allocation procedure determines allocation
quantity, they can be combined in a sequence of product allocation
procedures. The sequence defines the order of combination of the product
allocation procedures.
The sequence of product allocation procedures is maintained in the material
master.
SAP SCM - Implementation Guide Advanced Planning and Optimization
Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Product Allocation Maintain
Sequence of Product Allocation Procedures

Create Characteristic Value Combination (CVC)


Create Characteristic value combination using T-code: /sapapo/MC62
The purpose of this activity is to determine the master data on which you want to
create the allocation/demand plans.
Advanced Planning and Optimization Master Data Application Specific
Master data Demand Planning Maintain Characteristic Values
T-code: /sapapo/MC62

Connection to Planning Area


The purpose of this activity is to define the assignment of the planning
area info objects to characteristics and key features of the production
allocation group. All characteristics and key figures of the product
allocation group must be linked to info objects of the planning area.
The assignment of the planning area is required because the
characteristics of the product allocation group have different
names than those of the InfoObjects in the planning area. You must
assign all characteristics of a product allocation group to an InfoObject.
SAP SCM - Implementation Guide Advanced Planning and
Optimization Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Product
Allocation Maintain Connection to Planning Area

Copy Characteristic combination from Planning Area


The purpose of this activity is to copy the characteristic
combinations from the planning area to the product allocation
group .
Advanced Planning and Optimization Global ATP
Environment Product Allocations Connection
Characteristics Combination from Planning Area
T- code: /SAPAPO/ATPQ_PAREA_K
The characteristic combinations of the planning area are
transferred to the product allocation group and activated.

Maintain Allocation quantity in the planning book


Maintain Allocation Quantity in Planning book and save.

Copy Product Allocations from Planning Area


Once the allocation quantity is entered in the planning book for the
CVCs , it has to be transferred from the planning area to the product
allocation area.
Transfer the value through the T-code :

/SAPAPO/ATPQ_PAREA_R

Create and confirm Sales Order in ECC

1.

Create sales order in ECC.

2.

Perform Availability Check in the sales Order

3.

The Product Allocations tab is displayed in


the APO Availability Check: Delivery
proposal View of the sales order.

4.

The sales order Qty is confirmed as per the


allocation maintained for customer/material.

Transfer incoming order Qty to APO


Once the Sales Order is created in ECC ,transfer the incoming order
Quantity from ECC to APO Planning Area. The Sales Order Qty gets
updated in the Planning Book.
T-code : /SAPAPO/ATPQ_PAREA_W

Important transactions
/SAPAPO/AC42-----Display Product Allocation Situation

/SAPAPO/AC03-----Product Availability

/SAPAPO/SDP94 Interactive Demand Planning

Thank You