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Budget Legislation

Alternatively called the budget


authorization phase, this starts
upon the House Speakers receipt
of the Presidents Budget and ends
with the Presidents enactment of
the General Appropriations Act.

Stages of Budget Legislation

What
What
What
What
What
What
What

are House Deliberations?


are Senate Deliberations?
are Bicameral Deliberations?
is Ratification and Enrollment?
is the Veto Message?
is Enactment?
are Reenacted Budgets?

1. House Deliberations
The House of Representatives, in
plenary, assigns the Presidents Budget
to the House Appropriations Committee.
The Committee and its Sub-Committees
then schedule and conduct hearings on
the budgets of the departments and
agencies and scrutinize their respective
programs and projects. It then crafts the
General Appropriations Bill (GAB).

In plenary session, the GAB is


sponsored, presented and defended by
the Appropriations Committee and
Sub-Committee Chairmen. As in all
other laws, the GAB is approved on
Second and Third Reading before
transmission to the Senate. (Note: In
the First Reading, the Presidents
Budget is assigned to the
Appropriations Committee.)

2. Senate Deliberations
As in the House process, the Senate
conducts its own committee hearings and
plenary deliberations on the GAB. Budget
deliberations in the Senate formally start
after the House of Representatives
transmits the GAB. For expediency,
however, the Senate Finance Committee
and Sub-Committees usually start
hearings on the GAB even as House
deliberations are ongoing.

The Committee submits its proposed


amendments to the GAB to plenary
only after it has been formally
transmitted by the House.

3. Bicameral Deliberations
Once both Houses of Congress have
finished their deliberations, they will
each constitute a panel to the
Bicameral Conference Committee.
This committee will then discuss and
harmonize the conflicting provisions
of the House and Senate Versions of
the GAB. A Harmonized Version of
the GAB is thus produced.

4. Ratification and Enrollment


The Harmonized or Bicam
Version is then submitted to both
Houses, which will then vote to
ratify the final GAB for submission
to the President. Once submitted
to the President for his approval,
the GAB is considered enrolled.

5. The Veto Message


The President and DBM then review the
GAB and prepare a Veto Message, where
budget items subjected to direct veto or
conditional implementation are identified,
and where general observations are made.
Under the Constitution, the GAB is the only
legislative measure where the President
can impose a line-veto (in all other cases,
a law is either approved or vetoed in full).

6. Enactment
When the GAA is not enacted before the fiscal
year starts, the previous years GAA is
automatically reenacted. This means that
agency budgets for programs, activities and
projects remain the same. Funding for
programs or projects that have already been
terminated is realigned for other expenditures.
Because reenactments are tedious and prone
to abuse, the Aquino Administrationwith the
support of Congresshas committed to ensure
the timely enactment of a new GAA every year.

Reenacted Budgets
When the GAA is not enacted before the
fiscal year starts, the previous years GAA is
automatically reenacted. This means that
agency budgets for programs, activities and
projects remain the same. Funding for
programs or projects that have already been
terminated is realigned for other
expenditures. Because reenactments are
tedious and prone to abuse, the Aquino
Administrationwith the support of
Congresshas committed to ensure the
timely enactment of a new GAA every year.