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An education on

the different parts of an

Oil Tanker

An Oil Tanker

The forecastle or
Focsle Deck

The Fore Castle Area Or The Bow

Closed Chalk

The Chief Officer stands here when mooring the ship

Anchor Chain

Mooring Bitts or

This is the Forecastle or fore or forward part of the Ship.

At this location,the vessel is anchored and Moored

A typical Deck Mooring Winch

Hydraulic Motor,
The driving Power
for the winch

Bow chain stopper (Tongue Type)

installed on the Focsle deck

Primarily used for making fast at a SBM .

Also utilsed as part af the Emergency Towing Apparatus

The Fore Castle Area viewed from the side

Fore Mast

Closed Chalks

Mooring Wires
Ships side

Mooring tails
Top Side
Bulbous bow

A View from dead ahead

Closed Chock used for
Picking up SBM chain and
passing mooring lines

Starboard Anchor stowed in

Hawse pipe

Port Anchor is in the

water & has been used
for Anchoring

A typical Hydraulic mooring Winch with Windlass

Anchor Windlass
Warping Drum

Mooring Winches
with wires and tails

Operator platform

The Main Deck

Ship Side, Midship Area

Hose Handling Crane
Mid Ship store


Accommodation Ladder
Or The Gangway



Ship Side

(Starboard side)

Main deck of a vessel

(Courtenay Bay)

A aerial view of the main deck of the ship

Midship crane

Accommodation ladder

Port side or
the left side
of the ship


side or the
right side of
the ship
Mooring Winch

Walkway Or
Safe access to Bow

Cargo Pipe line

Tank dome

PV Valve

Helicopter landing area on a VLCC

Collapsible ship side rails

Nowadays, Helicopters are extensively used

(for Pilot embarking, Crew changes and Stores supplies).

A Cargo Hose Handling Crane or the

Midship crane

Accommodation Ladder Or Gangway

A typical accommodation ladder

or gangway.

In this picture , the gangway is used for

transferring people (during a bunkering
operation) between two ships.
This Gangway is fixed to the ship and can be
only used if the jetty or other ship is within
its range.

MOT Ladder

This is a portable ladder and

can be used in various location
on board the ship. This can be
lifted and placed in position
by the Hose handling crane.

Manifold Area

Cargo Drip Tray

Man hole

Tank Dome used for access

to Cargo or Ballast tank

Manifold Reducers

Same size,
To fit to ships

These can be fitted on the manifold, so as to make the same

manifold available for different size of shore connections

To fit to shore

Heating Coils

Steam runs through

these coils which in
turn heats up the
cargo in the tank

The Pump room

Cargo Oil Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps in the Cargo Pump Room

Ships tanks

Ships Tanks
Cargo and Ballast

A typical Double bottom

space of a water ballast

Pipe line which carries

the liquid in and out of
the tank
Bell Mouth

Cargo & Stripping

The Aft or stern area

Commonly referred to as

The Poop Deck

The Poop deck Of Courtenay Bay

Pull Back Bit

Closed chalks

Aft Emergency
Towing Arrangement

Mooring winches on
Poop deck

Also called as the stern

Poop deck a view from outside

Closed chalks

Mooring wires

The Accommodation Block

Crew Living Quarters.

Accommodation Block Forward Facing

Radar Mast
Monkey Island is the
highest deck of the ship

Bridge or the Wheel House

Bridge Wing

Port Holes

Pump room vent

The Wheel House and Chart Table

The ship is controlled or Navigated from this location.

While the vessel is at Sea, there is an officer and lookout man inside the
wheelhouse at all times.

The Steering Wheel On The Wheel House

Radio Room Or The GMDSS Panel

Communication of the ship is carried out from Radio Room

The Main Mast Or the Radar Mast

Radar Scanner
Christmas Tree

Navigation light

Radio Antenna

Fog Horn

Cargo Control Room (CCR)

Pumps and Valve operations for Cargo And Ballast are controlled from CCR

Some more spaces in the Accommodation

Cabin, Is were the Ships

Crew rest during their off
duty hours

Mess room, Is were the Ships

Crew Eat their Meals

The living room or Smoke room.

In their off-time, the crew relax
here and watch TV, movies or play
board games.

The Ships Galley or Kitchen.

Food for the crew is prepared here

Life boats and Life Rafts

Embarkation Ladder
Life Boat Being Launched
Life Boat davit

Life Rafts
Life boat in Water

The Engine Room

The Engine Control Room (ECR)

Machinery in the Engine Room can be controlled and monitored from the ECR

The Main Engine Of the Ship

This is the Ships Main Engine or Propulsion Plant of the vessel

This piece of machinery generates the power to move the ship through water.

Auxiliary Engine Or The Generator

Generates Electricity on board the vessel.

Ships Funnel with TPM Colours

The Hot Exhaust Gases

from the Main engine,
Generator engine and
Boiler are exhausted to
the atmosphere through
the funnel

What makes the ship

move forward and steer ?

Rudder and Propeller


Rudder is Used for

steering the ship,
moves in Port or
Starboard directions


Main Engine rotates the

Propeller which like a fan pushes
the water and makes the ship
move through the water.

Rudder and Propeller



How does the ship stay

safely alongside a berth
or tied up at a buoy ?

Ship made fast to a Single Mooring Buoy(SBM)

SBM chain made fast to the ship

Single Buoy Mooring

Pictorial view of a Single Buoy Mooring

A typical Tanker Mooring at a tanker berth

Aft Spring
Forward Breast line

Forward spring

Aft Breast Line

Head line
Stern lines

Composite Buoy Mooring (CBM) Or Multi Buoy Mooring .

Ships Anchor
Mooring lines

So, if the vessel is not

tied up properly, what
happens ?

Safe Ships
Example when a ships moorings has not been done
This case, the cargo hose parted as vessel surges alongside

Vessel was alongside discharging cargo of unleaded gasoline.

While the discharging was in progress, another vessel passed at high
speed causing Sunshine to surge heavily along the berth.
The surging parted the tails of forward springs.
The shore gangway was damaged and the cargo hose parted, spilling
approximately 500 bbls of Gasolene into the water.

One Hose parted due elongation

Damage to shore gangway

Thank You

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