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AFFORDABLE HOUSING SPACE

EFFICIENCY

NAKUL ,PRERIT, KANIKA, RAHUL, DEVANK

V C (I.D.) AFFORDABLE HOUSING

DESIGN EFFICIENCY

SPACE EFFICIENCY
It can be defined as the space a buyer is getting in an dwelling i.e. in the total carpet area how
much area is being used for the circulation space in a single unit to the use space given. This more the
space is useful more is efficiency of that space.
The relationship between the income and the benefit generated by a particular floor space and
its cost. The objective of optimum space efficiency is to achieve the maximum of benefit with
minimum if area. Depends upon circulation to use space ratio within the dwelling.
CIRCULATION BETWEEN ROOMS IN AN DWELLING: For space efficiency, the circulation
space inside the apartment should be compact with rooms close by improves on efficiency
arrangement of rooms.

INCORRECT

CORRECT

SPACE EFFICIENCY
ARRANGEMENT OF ROOMS:
Same type of spaces should be combined together to achieve maximum efficiency of space like
bedrooms as private space and drawing as semipublic space should be kept at a distance to merge
use space with same activates together

INCORRECT

CORRECT

Defining the order of use i.e. the public spaces should kept nearer to the entrance of apartment and
private spaces away from it. The planning of any unit by this way reduce the wastage of space in
circulation

SPACE EFFICIENCY
FUNCTION
The functional efficiency of any room or space is majorly depends upon the layout of that space. It can be
sub categorized into:

FLOOR LAYOUT
FURNITURE LAYOUT
KITCHEN LAYOUT
BATHROOM LAYOUT

FLOOR LAYOUT
There are 3 major component of residential floor space (living, working and sleeping). These are
connected by communicating elements like hall, staircase and doorways.

Close relationship among the 3 major components can minimize the distance of traffic pattern

Centrally located main entrance should lead to each area without going through another.
Most frequent traffic areas should be planned to cause the shortest traffic pattern possible.

SPACE EFFICIENCY
FURNITURE LAYOUT AND PLANNING OF ROOM SPACE
Planning should be such that design can be flexible, allowing alteration to improve and assist function
of each room.

For a better door location the


circulation space should be
clear or direct without interfering
the functional or working area

SPACE EFFICIENCY
KITCHEN LAYOUT
The primary function, meal preparation can be facilitated by observing a work triangle. The work
triangle is mentally pictured as traffic pattern between sink, stove and refrigerator.

SPACE EFFICIENCY
BATHROOM LAYOUT
Bathroom arrangements are critical but proper placement of multiple plumbing fixtures can take
advantage of common piping.

SPACE EFFICIENCY
Economic efficiency depends upon the buildup to carpet area ratio of an apartment building
Major factors influencing this ratio in apartment listed are:
-

planning with least partition walls

number of shared partition walls

double wall or cavity wall etc. construction

as affordable housing suggest minimum apartment size (apartment size is the only factor
influence affordability/ economy)
1bhk 50 sq. m
2bhk 70 sq. m
3bhk 95 sq. m

SPACE EFFICIENCY
VERTICAL EFFICIENCY
STORAGE OVER
BATHROOM
LOW CEILING OF BATHROOM

BATHROOM

MEZZANINE FLOOR

ATTIC SPACE

STORAGE OVER BATHROOM

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