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Revision session 1

Session objectives

Explain what constitutes a healthy,


active lifestyle

Classify the benefits of a healthy


active lifestyle as social, physical
or mental

Describe the benefits of physical


activity

Health
Definition?

A state of complete mental,


physical and social wellbeing and
not merely the absence of disease
and infirmity

Task One

Make a list of things that you


do that contribute to you
having a healthy and active
lifestyle
Create a definition for the key
term Healthy, active lifestyle

Healthy, Active
A lifestyle
that contributes
Lifestyle

positively to physical, mental and


social wellbeing, and which
includes regular exercise and
physical activity

Task Two

Think of three reasons why you


participate in sport
Be prepared to share your
reasons with the rest of the
group

Physical, Mental &


PHYSICAL Social
anything concerned
with the body
MENTAL anything concerned
with the mind
SOCIAL anything concerned
with interaction with others

Task Three

Link the reasons for taking part


in exercise and physical
activity with the correct term:
physical, mental or social

Key words

Health
Healthy, active lifestyle
Physical
Mental
Social

Exam question
Which of the following statements
describes a physical benefit of exercise?
Meeting new people
Gaining an aesthetic appreciation of
movement
c) Feeling better about your body shape
1 marks
d) Losing weight if overweight
a)
b)

Exam question
In order to achieve a healthy active lifestyle, an
individual needs to consider many different
factors. Which one of the following best
describes a HAL?
a)
b)
c)

d)

Playing sport and training twice a week


Walking 20 minutes each day and eating a
balanced diet
Making sure that there is opportunity 1for
marks
recovery after activity and eating a balanced
diet
Playing in a football match

Exam question
Complete the table below by stating the
category of each of the answers
Reason

Category

I go because my friends go
My doctor said that I was
overweight
I enjoy it
3 marks

Revision session 2

Session objectives

Explain how exercise can make


you feel good

Recognise mental benefits of


exercise

Mental
Anything concerned
with the mind

Feel good factor


Doing exercise makes you feel good by
increasing serotonin levels
chemical found in the body.

What else?
Enjoyment and having fun whilst
taking part in physical activity are also
mental benefits
Stress relief - exercise can help you
relax. It takes your mind off other
problems as you focus on the activity
Regular exercise can help to reduce
stress-related illnesses such as

Confidence
Belief in oneself and one's powers
or abilities; self-confidence; selfreliance; assurance:

Self-esteem
A realistic respect for or
favourable impression of oneself;
self-respect

Increase in confidence
Taking part in physical activity
increases confidence levels because:
Because
You feel part of
something
You are performing
better
You think you look
better

By
Becoming a member of
a team
Practicing more
Losing weight due to
exercise (if previously
overweight)

Exam question
Physical activity can improve your mental
health by helping you feel good. Which
of the following causes this feel good
factor?
An
An
c) An
d) An
a)
b)

increase
increase
increase
increase

in
in
in
in

testosterone
serotonin
blood pressure 1 marks
narcotic analgesics

Mental & physical


benefits
Some mental benefits occur because
taking part in physical activity provides
mental stimulation

Competition
Aesthetic appreciation
Physical challenge

Competition
It occurs when:
you try and beat yourself
You try and beat an opponent

TASK: Give an example of


both

It is:

Aesthetic
appreciation

recognising the quality or skill of a


movement in an activity

Can you think of some


example?

Physical challenge
Something that really pushes you
outside your comfort zone.
This means that it challenges you
mentally
Training for the London Marathon
need to be mentally tough to get
through the miles

Revision session 3

Benefits/ effect/ end


result
Stronger bones/
reduced risk of
osteoporosis
Reduced chance of
coronary heart disease
- CHD
Reduced chance of a
stroke

Achieved by

Reduced chance of
obesity

Burning excess calories


whilst exercising

Weight bearing
exercise running,
walking, cycling
Reduces cholesterol/
lower blood pressure
Reduces cholesterol/
lower blood pressure

Be careful!
The benefits of losing weight can be
physical and mental
Physical less strain on the heart
therefore reducing the risk of CHD
Mental feeling better about oneself

Social benefits
Friendships and social mixing
Benefits:
Meeting new people/ making new
friends
Getting together with existing
friends
Improving cooperation skills
Increasing social activities &
therefore not engaging in anti-social
behaviour

Cooperation
Working together

Better understanding of your


teammates and therefore better team
skills and result in a more successful
team

Social benefits
Friendships and social mixing
Benefits:
Meeting new people/ making new
friends
Getting together with existing
friends
Improving cooperation skills
Increasing social activities &
therefore not engaging in anti-social
behaviour

Revision session 4

Session
Objectives
To understand the
influences for
participation in sport

Influence
the action or process of
producing effects on the
actions, behaviour,
opinions on others

Influences
There are many influences on taking
part in physical activity

People
Image
Cultural factors
Resources
Health & wellbeing
Socio-economic

People - Family
Parents
Guardians

Siblings
(brothers/
sister

Relations
(aunts/
uncles)

People- Peers
Other members
at your club

Friends

Classmate
s

People - Role models

National &
international
performers

People
you
admire

Good
performer
s in your
school

Question
Name 2 people that may influence
Jeffs choice of extra curricular
clubs? (2 marks)
ALERT - Use the key terms!
Parents, guardians, relations
(aunt/uncle), siblings (brother/
sister)

Question
Family is an example taken from
the people category of key
influences on participation in
physical activity. Give three
examples from family that might
impact participation?

Parents, siblings, aunts, uncles

Question
Identify the key influences that
impact on us in the following
situations:
a) When reading the sports
section of the newspaper
b) Going to a taster session for
rugby with your class mates
c) Playing tennis at a local club
where your mum and sister play

Image - Fashion
Snowboarding
clothes
cooler than
skiing clothes
Basketball
clothes are
more fun than
all white

Image - Media
coverage
Radio

Newspapers

Television

Internet

Revision session 5

Session
Objectives
To understand the
influences for
participation in sport

Influences
There are many influences on taking
part in physical activity

People
Image
Cultural factors
Resources
Health & wellbeing
Socio-economic

Cultural
Disability
May influence choice
Adapted activities

Cultural
Age
People of different ages
Do different activities
Rugby

Badminton

Cultural
Gender
Some sports associated
with either men or
Women
Boxing for women

How might
gender affect
participation?

Cultural
Race

How might
Some activities may be more
race affect
associated with one race more
participatio
than another
n in sport?

People of African origin being pushed


away from
swimming to long
distance running

Resources
Availability

Is there a
suitable club
or venue?

Not all activities are readily available can


you think of some?

If its difficult to get to a venue then you will


be less likely to participate in that activity

Resources
Location

Can I get
there?

An activity needs to be in a place that you


can easily get to not too far away &
accessible by public transport

QUESTION - Using the above picture explain


how participation may be affected

Resources

Will I be
able to get
in?

Access

There may be barriers that mean that cant


access a venue/ activity
Can I
get
inside?
Is there an age
requirement to play?

Can I
affor
d it?

Is the time
of the
session
Time
right for
me?
Not all activities are readily available can you
think of some?

Resources

Do I have
enough
time?

QUESTION - Why might you have to consider


time when playing golf?

EXAM QUESTIONS
2012

2011

EXAM ANSWERS
2012

2011

Question
Why might fashion influence
sports participation? (2 marks)

Answer we are more likely to


want to become involved in
activities that has clothing which
appeals to us and that we think
looks good and us

Session
Objectives
Understand how health/ well
being and socio-economics
can influence sports
participation
To understand the roles and
qualities needed to be
involved in sport

Health & Wellbeing

Illness & Health Problems


Sometimes even
a cold can stop
us participating
for a short time

Long term illnesses and


health problems can
make it difficult to
continue any form of
physical activity

Someone who is
healthy (P, M & S)
may be more
motivated to take
part in physical
activity

Socio-Economic
Status & cost

Some activities are


inexpensive and
accessible to many.
Some sports require
lots of expensive
clothing, memberships
etc

Perceived status
some may want to
take part if they
believe a sport hold a
particular status e.g.
Polo, golf

Exam Question
There are many key influences that impact
on our choice of physical activity.
Which category of key influences do the
following belong to: access, availability and
time?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Socio-economic
Cultural
Resources
Health and wellbeing

RESOURCES

1 in 4 students
selected the wrong
category for this
answer read the
question properly

Revision Questions
1. What are the 6 categories for sport
participation?

People
Image
Cultural factors
Resources
Health & wellbeing
Socio-economic

Give an example for each of these

EXAM QUESTIONS
2012

2011

EXAM ANSWERS
2012

2011

Roles & required


qualities
There are other roles available to
people in physical activity other
than sport
These roles provide additional
opportunity to become or
remain involved in physical
activity

Roles
Leaders

Volunteer

Physic
al
activit
y
Performer

Officiatin
g

Why do people move


roles?
Possible reasons for change:
o No longer able to play due to injury
o Tired but didnt like it
o Tried it and not good enough to
compete but still want to be
involved
Different roles require different
qualities

Qualities - Leader
Good organisation
Good communication
Good knowledge

Qualities - Officiating
Good fitness
Good communication skills
Good knowledge of the activity
Good levels of confidence

Qualities - performer
Good fitness
Good ability
Good motivation

Qualities - Leader
Good organisation
Good communication
Good knowledge