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FTTx GPON Services

Configuration and
Planning
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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

VLAN Overview

Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is a division of a local


area network logically rather than physical arrangement of
cables

A VLAN makes it possible to divide a physical LAN into


different broadcast domains logically.

IEEE 802.1Q specifies the VLAN implementation scheme.

VLAN 1

VLAN 1

VLAN 2
VLAN 3

VLAN 2

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

VLAN 3

Switch Port Types

Port type

Description

TAGGED

A port that can receive frames containing a VLAN


ID. It is often used for connection between
switches.

UNTAGGED

A port that can both identify tagged frames and


untagged frames. There is a native-VLAN for the
received untagged frames.

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

IEEE 802.1P/Q
Dest.

Src

Dest.

Src

Priority

Len/type

Data

Etype

FCS

P/Q Label

...
Len/Etype

VLAN-ID 12bit

Token-Ring encapsulation label

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

4
Data

FCS

OLT VLAN Features

The MA5600T supports the following types of VLANs:

Standard VLAN

MUX VLAN

Smart VLAN

The following lists the attributes of VLANs:

Common

802.1q in 802.1q (QinQ)

Stacking

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

CAR Profile

The Car profile is used to limit the service bandwidth.

Specification

The system has seven CAR profiles with indexes from 0


to 6

The system will adjust the CAR value you input to a


multiple of 64.

Key Parameters : Priority, Bandwidth

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

ONT Profile

ONT profile defines the ONT capability in the OLT including


the various UNI ports and the number of GPON ports.

Specification

The MA5600T supports up to 128 ONT profiles.

ONT profiles 116 are the default profiles

ONT Register Authentication : Serial Number & Password


ONT Register Mode : Auto-find

Confirmation & Add Manually

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

DBA Profile

DBA profile defines the T-CONT service type and the


bandwidth limitation.

Specification

The MA5600T supports up to 512 DBA profiles. DBA


profiles 19 are the default profiles

The system adjusts the bandwidth value you input when


you add a DBA profile to a multiple of 64.

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

GPON VLAN Processing


Service VLAN 7
USER VLAN 17
Uplink
17
T-CONT

T-CONT

GMAC

ONT

OLT

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

TM

ETH
Core 7

GPON Service Configuration


Steps
Configure ONT Profile

Configure
Profiles

Configure DBA Profile

Configure CAR Profile

Add an ONT

Configure
ONT

Configure T-Cont DBA profile

Specify user-VLAN for ONT ports

Configure GEM port

Configure
Mapping

Mapping service stream to GEM port

Bind GEM port to ONT T-CONT

Create a VLAN

Configure
VLAN

Add upstream port to VLAN

Add service port VLAN

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Video Service Requirement


Provide high QoS TV/IPTV/VOD
services, different authentication
solutions.

PC

Policy Manager

Support Multi-ISP

Web Portal
DHCP
Server

HG

L2

IPTV

RADIUS

ISP 1

BRAS/SR

ISP N

CR

Cable TV

OLT

VOD/IPTV/
Cable TV
server

BAC/SBC

Isolate each user service or ISP.

Provide high QoS for multicast service.

Universal aggregation for different services.

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Page 15

Voice Service Requirement


FE/GE

TDM

P2P ONT

BUSINESS

P2P
SDH
ODN

OLT

PSTN

E1/STM-1

IP
Splitter
MDU

10GE

ROUTER

PBX

SBU
E1

FE/GE

Internet
Internet

For commercial users, isolate the service by VLAN


For ISP, difficult to choose the voice service mode
between VoBB and VoIP.

BUSINESS

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Page 16

Wholesale Service Requirement


Service

Eth Port

A VLAN a

RSP X

B VLAN b

How to realize the bandwidth management?

How to identify different ISP?

ONT

RSP X

GPON
Port

C VLAN c

VoIP Video Internet

Service
RSP Y A VLAN d
B VLAN e

RSP Y

C VLAN f
GEM Port

T-CONT

VoIP Video Internet


A VLAN a

RSP X

DBA
Module

B VLAN b

RSP Z

C VLAN c
Service
Classification

Service
RSP Y A VLAN g
B VLAN h
C VLAN i

RG

ONT

QoS
Mechanism

VoIP Video Internet

VLAN
Manipulation

OLT

How to identify different users?

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Page 17

Leased Line Service Requirement

TDM

TDM voice, PBX


TDM leased line
ATM

ATM/FR
(xDSL, X.25)

IP/Eth
(xDSL,PON,Eth)

ATM/FR leased line

IP/Eth
(xDSL,xPON,Eth)

Internet access

TDM

VoIP
L2/L3 VPN

Internet access
VoIP
L2/L3 VPN
Legacy
Migration
TDM/ATM

Internet access

ATM and TDM leased line will be replaced by IP/Eth VPN, High QoS
should be provided for different kinds of services.

In order to save the cost for replacing CPE, IP or MPLS network should
support ATM/TDM leased line.

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Page 18

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

System Bandwidth Plan


User number
PON
System

Service type
Service mode

Bandwidth
OLT uplink
GPON interface

Convergence
ratio

Bandwidth
CIR
PIR

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Page 20

Bandwidth calculation

Each GPON interface can carry 128 512 users.

For uplink, the main bandwidth is from unicast.

For downlink, the main bandwidth composed of unicast and multicast.

Downlink bandwidth for each service in each GPON interface =

multicast bandwidth + unicast service downlink bandwidth*pervasion


ratio*burst ratio * user number of interface

Uplink bandwidth for each service in each GPON interface = unicast

service uplink bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio * user number of


interface

Downlink bandwidth for OLT = multicast bandwidth + unicast service

downlink bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio * user number of OLT

Uplink bandwidth for OLT = unicast service uplink

bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio * user number of OLT


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 21

Contents
1.

2.

FTTx GPON Service Configuration


1.

VLAN Features

2.

Three Kinds of Profiles

3.

Data Configuration Flow

FTTx GPON Service Planning


1.

Services Requirement

2.

Bandwidth Planning

3.

VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Multi-VLAN Solution PUPSPV


PC

IPTV
VoIP

HG

Flexible QinQ
Put outer VLAN based on inner VLAN

PVC1
PVC2

CVLAN11

PVC3

CVLAN12

PVC4

CVLAN13
MDU

VoIP

SVLAN2

CVLAN14

SVLAN3

PC

IPTV

SVLAN1

VLAN1

CVLAN21

VLAN2

CVLAN22

VLAN3

CVLAN23

OLT

CVLAN24

VLAN4

SVLAN4

CVLAN11
CVLAN21
CVLAN12
CVLAN22
CVLAN13
CVLAN23
CVLAN14
CVLAN24

MDU

VLAN mapping

MVLAN

All the users and services are isolated by different VLAN.


OLT Adopt flexible QinQ, Put outer VLAN based on inner VLAN.
Distribute the traffic to different edge equipment by VLAN.
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BRAS

Page 23

SR

PUPSPV Solution Analysis

Support both single-edge and multi-edge for


traffic distribution.

Use too much VLAN, identify the users and services


by C-VLAN.

Enable QinQ in OLT, S-VLAN identify the services.

Global configuration for ONU by the VLAN mapping


of ONU.

All the ONU adopt same configuration for CVLAN.


Suitable for multi-edge network!

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Page 24

User single VLAN Solution PUPV


PC

IPTV
VoIP

HG

Multi-PVC
mapping to
Single VLAN

PVC1
PVC2
PVC3

QinQ

SVLAN1

PVC4
MDU

CVLAN1
CVLAN1

PC

IPTV

SVLAN2

CVLAN2

VLAN1

OLT

VLAN2

BRAS

CVLAN2

VLAN3
VoIP

MVLAN

VLAN4
MDU

Multicast VLAN

VLAN converge

Multi-Service mapping to single VLAN CVLAN identify the user.


Multi-PVC in each CVLAN from PVC/priority mapping services to CVLAN.
Enable QinQ in OLT, put SVLAN based on GPON interface.
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PUPV Solution Analysis

Easy planning for VLAN.

For single-edge network, S-VLAN identify the


equipment.

The MDU should support C-S VLAN N:1 mapping.

Easy to provide High QoS for different services by CVLAN.

The service
is easyfor
tosingle-edge
identify.
Suitable
network!

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Page 26

Multi-edge FTTB VLAN Plan

HSI
IPTV

Voice Port
PVC 0/32

Adsl2+
Port0

VID 4003

PON
Port0

Uplink
VID 4003

HG

PVC 0/31

VID 500
VID 4000

SVID100 CVID 1
VID 4000

PVC 0/30

VID 4002

VID 4002

CVID 523
VID 4000

SVID100 CVID 2
VID 4000

VID 4002

VID 4002

HG

2 Port23
0/3
PVC
1
0/3
PVC
0
0/3
PVC

Adsl2+

VID 2

HG

HG

Voice
Port
Ethernet
Port0

VID 3
VID 4
VID 2
VID 3
VID 4

Ethernet
Port23

MDU0
VID 4003
VID 500

PON
Port1

VID 4003
SVID101 CVID 129

VID 4000

VID 4000

VID 4002

VID 4002

VID 523
VID 4000

SVID101 CVID
130
VID 4000

VID 4002

VID 4002

MDU1

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Huawei Confidential

OLT

Page 27

VoIP
User identify

Multi-edge FTTH VLAN Plan

HSI
IPTV

Uplink

PON
Port0
PC
STB
IAD

untag
Untag

VID 2
VID 3

SVID100 CVID 1
VID 4000

Untag

VID 4

VID 4002

PC

untag

VID 2

STB

Untag

VID 3

Untag

VID 4

IAD

SVID100 CVID 2
VID 4000
VID 4002

PON
Port1
PC
STB

untag
Untag
Untag

IAD

VID 2
VID 3
VID 4

VID 4000
VID 4002
SVID101 CVID 2
VID 4000

PC

untag

VID 2

STB

Untag

VID 3

Untag

VID 4

IAD

SVID101 CVID 1

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VID 4002

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Huawei Confidential

OLT

Page 28

VoIP
User identify

Single-edge FTTB VLAN Plan


HSI
IPTV

Voice Port
Adsl2+
PVC 0/32 Port0
PVC 0/30

HG

2 Port23
0/3
PVC
1
0/3
PVC
0
0/3
PVC

Adsl2+

VID 2

HG

Uplink
VID 4003

VID 1

SVID100 CVID 1

VID 23

SVID100 CVID 2

PVC 0/31

HG

HG

VID 4003

PON
Port0

VID 4000

MDU0

Voice
Port
Ethernet
Port0

VID 4003

Ethernet
Port23

VID 23

VID 1

PON
Port1

VID 4003
SVID101 CVID 1

VID 3
VID 4
VID 2
VID 3
VID 4

SVID101 CVID 2

VID 4000

MDU1

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OLT

Page 29

VoIP
User identify
IPTV

Single-edge FTTH VLAN plan


HSI
IPTV

Uplink

PON
Port0
PC
STB
IAD

Untag
Untag

VID 2

Untag

VID 4

VID 3

PC

Untag

VID 2

STB

Untag

VID 3

Untag

VID 4

IAD

SVID100 CVID 1

SVID100 CVID 2

PON
Port1
Untag

VID 2

Untag

VID 3

Untag

VID 4

PC

Untag

VID 2

STB

Untag

VID 3

Untag

VID 4

PC
STB
IAD

IAD

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SVID101 CVID 1

SVID101 CVID 2

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OLT

Page 30

VoIP
User identify

IP Address Plan

Basic principle:

Best effort to use the private IP address.

Reduce waste the public IP address, improve the security of


equipment.

IP address allocation:

Adopt private IP address for ONU(MDU/HGW)


management IAD STB service

Adopt public IP address for Internet service

Other suggestions:

Per IP address segment per GPON interface.

Adopt firewall and NAT in the network side.

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Multi-service IP Address Plan


Policy Manager

Web Portal
RADIUS
DHCP Server

Internet

IPTV
EMS

PPPoE
PC

IPoE

IPTV

IPoE

VoIP

HG

L2

BRAS/SR

CR
IPTV

OLT

BAC/SBC

SoftX

Service Type

IP Class

IP Mode

HSI

Public Address

PPPoE

OLT and MXU management

Private Address

Static

VOIP Service

Private Address

Static or DHCP

ONT Management

Private Address

Static or DHCP

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Page 32

Summary

Service Configuration

Service Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Thank you
www.huawei.com