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May the odds be ever in your favor.

Mechanics
You should have three (3) official coins.
Get yourself a partner. He/she is your opponent.
When the game starts, you must battle against your
opponent through rock-paper-scissors (also known as
jack-en-poy).
For every loss, you must give a coin to the other. For
every win, you must accept a coin from him/her. You
must continue the battle until one of you has no more
coins to give.
When you garnered all the coins of your opponent,
proceed to battle against the other players.
The lone winner shall be declared as the Victor.
Happy Hunger Games! And may the odds be ever in

Post-Hunger Games
Questions:
1. In the rock-paper-scissors event, how many
possible outcomes can be made by the two
players?
Answer: 9

2. In the rock-paper-scissors event, how many


possible winning outcomes can be made by the
two players?
Answer: 6

3. In the rock-paper-scissors event, how many


possible tabla outcomes can be made by the
two players?
Answer: 3

Essential Question

How is the counting principle


applied to determine outcomes of a certain
event?

Objective

Find the total number of outcomes in a


sequence of events, using the basic
counting rule

line segment from a starting


point to an outcome point
consists of a set of all possible
outcomes
well-defned result

tree
diagra
m

even
t
outco
me

Key terms

Basic Counting Rule


In a sequence of n events in which the
frst one has k1 possible outcomes and
the second event has k2 and the third
has k3, and so forth, the total number
of possible outcomes of the sequence
will be
k1 k2 k3 kn

Counting Rules
Basic
Counting
Rule

Permutation

Combination

Examples
Tossing a Coin and Rolling a Die
Types of Paint
Identifcation Cards

Tossing a Coin and Rolling a


Die
A coin is tossed and a die is rolled. Find
the number of outcomes for the sequence
of events.

Tossing a Coin and Rolling a


Die

Types of Paint
A paint manufacturer wishes to manufacture
several different paints. The categories include:
Color

red, blue, white, black, green, brown, yellow

Type

latex, oil
outdoor, indoor

Use

fat, semi-gloss, high gloss

Texture

How many different kinds of paint can be made if you


can select one color, one type, one texture, and one
use?

Types of Paint

Identification Cards
The manager of a department store chain
wishes to make four-digit identifcation
cards for her employees. How many
different cards can be made if she uses
the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 and
repetitions are permitted?

Identification Cards
Since there are 4 spaces to fll on each card
and there are 6 choices for each space, the
total number of cards that can be made is
6 6 6 6 = 1,296

Applications to Science
Biology
Chemistry
Physics

BiologyDistribution of Blood Types


There are four blood types, A, B, AB, and O.
Blood can also be Rh+ and Rh. Finally, a
blood donor can be classifed as either
male or female. How many different ways
can a donor have his or her blood
labelled?

Rh+
A
Rh-

Rh+
B
RhBlood Type
Rh+

M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F

AB
Rh-

Rh+
O
Rh-

M
F
M
F
M
F

ChemistryTypes of
Solutions
A chemistry student wishes to determine
the different types of solutions by
combining each kind of solute (solid,
liquid, gas) to each kind of solvent (solid,
liquid, gas). How many different kinds of
solutions can be made if he can select
one solute and one solvent?

solid

Solution

liquid

solid

Alloys,
coins

liquid

Amalgam
(Hg, Ag)

gas

H22 in
palladium
metal

solid

Juicy Pulp

liquid

Rubbing
alcohol

gas

Carbonate
d drinks

solid
gas

liquid
gas

Carbon
particles in
smoke
H22O
droplets in
air
air

PhysicsSounds
Luke has 3 CDs and 3 DVDs with 3
songs recorded in each of them. In
how many ways can he play a song?

Number of CDs with Luke = 3


Number of DVDs with Luke = 3
Number of songs in each CD or DVD = 3
Number of ways of playing a song:
= 3 3 3 = 27

Time for Exercises!

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