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LTE eRAN6.

0 ICIC
Feature

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


Describe basic concepts of ICIC, such as CCU, CEU, etc.
Describe the ICIC A3/A6 event and related parameters
Describe downlink and uplink ICIC procedures
Perform enable/disable ICIC functions
Describe the deployment strategy of ICIC
List the main parameters of ICIC

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Overview of ICIC

ICIC: Inter Cell Interference Coordination


Function:

Increase the cell edge user experience (throughput)


Increase the cell capacity

Huawei
interference
mitigation
solutions

Interference Rejection Combining


(IRC) :applied at the physical layer

Inter-Cell Interference
Coordination (ICIC):applied at the
MAC layer

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Types of ICIC
Static ICIC
ICIC
Dynamic ICIC
DL ICIC
ICIC
UL ICIC

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Cell Center User and Cell Edge User


(CCU/CEU) identification

To implement ICIC, the eNodeB must first identify CCUs an


d CEUs correctly.
In the LTE system, UEs in the center of a cell usually enjoy f
avorable radio conditions and do not require ICIC. These U
Es are called Cell Center Users (CCUs).
UEs at the edge of a cell, however, are affected by interfere
nce from neighboring cells and therefore require interferen
ce mitigation. These UEs are called Cell Edge Users (CEUs).

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Cell Center User and Cell Edge User


(CCU/CEU) identification (Cont.)

When initially accessing a network, an UE is recognized as a CCU


After a handover, the UE is recognized as a CEU
After a short period following the initial access or handover, the e
NodeB starts to use event A3 or A6 for ICIC (referred to as ICIC e
vent A3 or A6) to determine whether the UEs are CEUs or CCUs.
If an ICIC A3/A6 report contains the measurement about the servi
ng cell only, the eNodeB treats the UE as a CCU
If an ICIC A3/A6 report contains the measurement result about at
least one neighboring cell, the eNodeB treats the UE as a CEU

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Edge Band Mode Assignment

DL: ICIC operating band = system band of PDSCH


UL: ICIC operating band = system band - PUCCH band (PUS
CH)
The center band is mainly allocated to CCUs, and the edge
band is mainly allocated to CEUs.
Assignment of different edge bands to neighboring cells m
ust be planned, in Huawei eNodeB as MODE1, MODE2 and
MODE3.

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Edge Band Mode Assignment (Cont.)


UE

UL/DL
grant

CEU/CCU identification
ICIC A3 Event
CEU/CCU identification
CCU
ICIC A3 Event CEU
CEU/CCU identification
CEU
CCU
ICIC A3 Event
Power Control CEU
Power
Control
CCU
Power Control
Power Control
Power Control
Power Control
MAC Scheduling
MAC Scheduling
MAC Scheduling
MAC Scheduling

PRB for edge


band
PRB for
center band

Edge band mode


assignment
Edge band mode
assignment
Edge band mode
assignment

MAC Scheduling
MAC Scheduling
PRB
PRB
PRB

Edge band
adjustment
Edge band
adjustment
Edge
Cellband
#1
adjustment
Cell #2
Cell #N

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Edge Band Mode Assignment (Cont.)


MODE
1

MODE
2

MODE
3

MODE3

MODE2
MODE1

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PDSCH
/
PUSCH

Edge Band Mode Assignment (Cont.)

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0dB

referen
ce
signal

No ICIC

Powe
r

Powe
r

Edge Band Mode Assignment (Cont.)

-3dB
50% of
RS
power
f
(x)

0dB

edge
band

1.77dB
66% of
RS
power

cente
r
band
-6dB
25% of
RS
power

ICIC

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f
(x)

Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
ICIC Deployment Strategy

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ICIC Event A3/A6 Based on RSRP Measure


ment

ICIC event A3 is used for reporting RSRP (Reference Signal Receiv


ed Power) measurement reports, based on which DL ICIC and UL
ICIC can determines the type of a UE in the serving cell.
ICIC event A3 is reported in event-triggered periodical reporting
mode.

ICIC event A6 is reported in event-triggered periodical reporting


mode.

Entering condition:
Leaving condition:

Entering condition:
Leaving condition:

ICIC event A3 is reported only if either the entering condition or l


eaving condition for ICIC event A3 is met for a period of time

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Entering Condition for ICIC Event A3

Entering condition: Mn Ofn Ocn Hys Ms Ofs Ocs Off

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Leaving Condition for ICIC Event A3

Leaving condition: Mn Ofn Ocn Hys Ms Ofs Ocs Off

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More Parameters of ICIC Event A3

MaxReportCellNum parameter: the maximum number of reported neighboring cells

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Related MML of ICIC Event A3

MOD CELLDLICICMCPARA

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Related MML of ICIC Event A3 (Cont.)

MOD CELLULICICMCPARA

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ICIC Event A3 Parameters Setting

A3Offset => CEU Number


Hysteresis => probability of Ping-Pong ICIC A3
TimeToTrigger => probability of Ping-Pong ICIC A3
ReportInterval => frequency of sending measurement r
eports & UE info updated in time
ReportAmount => UE power consumption & CEU thro
ughput improved by dynamic UL ICIC
Note: TriggerQuantity only support RSRP now

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Edge Band Adjustment

If the static ICIC is used, edge bands sizes remain unchang


ed and during the higher load, overlapping PRBs may cause
inter-cell interference.
Collision
Neighboring cell
Serving cell

X
Y

X: cell edge PRBs occupied in the neighboring cell

cell edge PRBs defined


in static ICIC

Y: cell edge PRBs occupied in the current cell

cell center PRBs defined


in static ICIC

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Edge Band Adjustment (Cont.)

Only dynamic ICIC adjusts edge bands.


Shrinking
Neighboring cell
Serving cell

X
Y

Expanding

X: cell edge PRBs occupied in the neighboring cell

cell edge PRBs defined


in static ICIC

Y: cell edge PRBs occupied in the current cell

cell center PRBs defined


in static ICIC

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
2.1 Static DL ICIC
2.2 Dynamic DL ICIC

7. Uplink ICIC
8. ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Static DL ICIC

The major techniques used in Static DL ICIC are DL band di


vision activated by DlIcicSwitch to DlIcicStaticSwitch_ON
_ENUM value and UE type determination based on previou
sly explained techniques.

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Dynamic DL ICIC

If dynamic DL ICIC is enabled, the eNodeB allocates an initi


al DL edge band to each cell based on the cell bandwidth a
nd edge band mode.

Then, the eNodeB periodically triggers adjustments of the


DL edge band.

Dynamic DL ICIC adjusts DL edge bands for cells based on t


he interference and load information exchanged betwee
n the cells.

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Dynamic DL ICIC (Cont.)

Huawei-defined message includes:

ID of the source cell


ID of the target cell
Coordination request indication
Load status of the source cell
Edge band status of the source cell

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Dynamic DL ICIC (Cont.)

If the edge band of the cell is adjusted, during the dynamic


ICIC procedure, this cell notifies neighboring cells of this ad
justment. Based on this information neighboring cells eithe
r expand or shrink their edge bands.

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DL ICIC Algorithm Switch MML

MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC
2.1 Static UL ICIC
2.2 Dynamic UL ICIC

8. ICIC Deployment Strategy

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Static UL ICIC

The major techniques used in Static UL ICIC are DL band di


vision activated by UlIcicFreqSwitch to STATIC and UE typ
e determination based on similar techniques as with DL ICI
C.

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Dynamic UL ICIC

If dynamic UL ICIC is enabled, the eNodeB allocates an initi


al UL edge band to each cell based on the cell bandwidth a
nd edge band mode.
The eNodeB triggers adjustments of the UL edge band base
d on the edge band mode and High Interference Indicator
(HII) messages from neighboring cells, containing:

ID of the source cell:


ID of the target cell:
Interference information

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Dynamic UL ICIC (Cont.)

If the difference between the PRB number actually used by


CEUs and PRBs reserved for the edge band is excessively la
rge for a cell, the eNodeB triggers an edge band adjustmen
t. If the edge band of the cell is adjusted, the cell transmits
the updated HII messages to its neighboring cells.
Neighboring cells then expand or shrink their edge bands.

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UL ICIC Algorithm Switch MML

MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH

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Neighboring Cell List Management

Neighboring cell lists for UL ICIC are classified into two level
s: UE level and cell level.
A UE-level neighboring cell list, which records the informati
on about neighboring cells, is created on the basis of an RS
RP measurement report sent from the UE. The list is update
d on the basis of the subsequent RSRP measurement report
s from the UE.
A cell-level neighboring cell list contains the information ab
out the interfering cells indicated in the RSRP measurement
reports from all the CEUs in a cell.

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OI Message Processing

An OI message provides information that the average interf


erence caused to all RBs in a cell is large. It also provides th
e level of interference caused to each RB.
An OI message contains the following information:

ID of the source cell


Interference indication

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Overview of ICIC
Cell Center User and Cell Edge User Identification
Edge Band Mode Assignment
ICIC Event A3/A6
Edge Band Adjustment
Downlink ICIC
Uplink ICIC

8. ICIC Deployment Strategy

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DL ICIC Deployment Strategy (1/3)

DL ICIC is not recommended if any of the following situatio


ns occurs:

Operators have high requirements for cell capacity but low re


quirements for cell coverage.
The total load of cells is high but the edge load is low.
There are only a few UEs in cells, and therefore the system th
roughput is low after ICIC is enabled because of limited powe
r or frequency band.
The system bandwidth is less than 3 MHz.

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DL ICIC Deployment Strategy (2/3)

When the load of neighboring cells is approximately balanc


ed and the edge load is relatively low, static DL ICIC can be
used to allocate mutually orthogonal edge bands to differe
nt cells for inter-cell interference mitigation.
Dynamic DL ICIC can be used when the load of neighborin
g cells is not evenly distributed. It adjusts the edge bands o
f different cells dynamically and thus mitigates inter-cell int
erference.

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DL ICIC Deployment Strategy (3/3)

When the inter-cell interference is very high and neither st


atic DL ICIC nor dynamic DL ICIC can achieve expected ICIC
effects, the Reuse3 mode can be used to allocate mutually
orthogonal bands to different cells for interference mitigati
on. In this mode, however, the system capacity decreases a
ccordingly because only 1/3 of the ICIC operating band is u
sed in each cell.

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UL ICIC Deployment Strategy (1/4)

UL ICIC is not recommended if any of the following situatio


ns occurs:

Operators have high requirements for cell capacity but low re


quirements for cell coverage.
Cells are not interfered or UEs are insensitive to interference,
for example, most UEs are located in the cell center.
The edge load of most cells is low, that is, CEUs have a relativ
ely low RB usage or interference level.
The system bandwidth is 1.4 MHz, and therefore only a few R
Bs are available. In this situation, UL ICIC affects scheduling.

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UL ICIC Deployment Strategy (2/4)

Static UL ICIC is recommended if any of the following situat


ions occurs:

The load of neighboring cells is approximately balanced.


Most cells have relatively low edge load, that is, the RB usage
of CEUs is not higher than one third of the system RB usage.

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UL ICIC Deployment Strategy (3/4)

Dynamic UL ICIC is recommended if the following situation


s occur:

The load of neighboring cells is not balanced.


The RB usage of CEUs in cells with high edge load is higher th
an one third of the system RB usage.
The RB usage of CEUs in cells with low edge load is lower than
one third of the system RB usage.

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UL ICIC Deployment Strategy (4/4)

Time-domain ICIC is applicable to intra-eNodeB cells, which


are time synchronized. If the frequency resources cannot
meet the requirements of CEUs in intra-eNodeB neighborin
g cells with heavy edge load, time-domain UL ICIC can be a
pplied to improve the effect of UL ICIC.

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ICIC Related MML Review

MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH, switching on/off ICIC algorith


m
MOD CELLDLICICMCPARA, setting DL ICIC A3 parameters
MOD CELLDLICIC, setting DL ICIC band mode
MOD CELLULICICMCPARA, setting UL ICIC A3 parameters
MOD CELLULICIC, setting UL ICIC band mode

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Summary

The basic concepts of ICIC, such as CCU, CEU, Center Band, etc.
The ICIC A3/A6 event (entering and leaving) and related paramet
ers
The downlink and uplink ICIC procedures
The deployment strategy of ICIC
MML to enable/disable ICIC functions
MML to setting ICIC bandmode
MML to seeting ICIC A3/A6 event

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