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A Presentation About Outdoor

Installation

Submitted by: Kallol


Ghosh
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Kallol Ghosh

INTRODUCTION
A cell site is a site where antennas and electronic communications

equipment are placed, usually on a tower or other high place, to create


a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network. Cellular (cell) phones
first became widely available in the United States in the 1990s, but
since then their use has increased dramatically. The widespread use of
cell phones has led to cell phone towers being placed in many
communities. These towers, also called base stations, have electronic
equipment and antennas that receive and transmit radio frequency
(RF) signals. According to the RF Plan we have to install the antenna at
a proper height on tower. Installation procedure is different for many
others company, but there are no any complexity regarding that
installation. In case of Nokia Siemens Network they dont use any loop
or bend on RF cable. Reliance dont use any Jumper cable for a cell
site. In this presentation we have discussed about the installation
procedure and quality point of outdoor equipments.

Kallol Ghosh

INDEX
TITTLE
Installation & Quality Point

PAGE NO

RF Plan & Requirement List

4-5

Antenna Line

Antenna Installation & Quality


Point

7-11

Jumper cable Installation &


Quality Point

12-16

RF Cable & Connector


Installation & Quality Point

17-23

Weather Proofing Kit

24-25

Earthing kits

26-29

Roxtec

30-31

Surge Arrestors

32

Cable ties

34

Labels

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RF PLAN:
Name: Kallol Ghosh

RF PLAN
SITE NAME : TECHNO CENTRE
SITE ID : A234M08
ADDRESS : 35, B.C.ROAD, BURDWAN,W.B.
PARTICULARS

SITE 1

SITE 2

SITE 3

AZIMUTH

60

180

300

HEIGHT

40m

44m

48m

MECHANICAL TILT

ElECTRICAL TILT

TYPE OF THE ANTENNA

X43210

X01234

X21034

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Requirement List :

particulars

Specification

Statu
s

1.Antenna

GSM900 Panel Antenna,65beam


width , cross polarized antenna

Jumper Cable

1/2" diameter, 1m, 3m, 7/8"M &


7/8"F connector

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RF Cable or Feeder
Cable

7/8", copper RF Cable

300m

RF Connector

7/8M

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Earthing Kits

Copper strips, Ring type copper lugs

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RF Clamps, cable ties Six way

35,10
0

Grounding Cable

35sq.mm. y-green grounding


cable,16sq.mm. green grounding
cable

108m
8m

Roxtec and Screw

4 way, Full thread steel screw

1,8

Surge Arrestors

-------

Weather Proofing Kits PVC(6cm),Rubber,Butyl

Labels

100

Antenna Line:
The line between the Antenna and
the BTS is known as antenna line

Antenna

Jumper cable
Earthin
g
kit

Rf to jumper connector

Rf clamp
In antenna line there are following
things:
Rf cable
Rf connector
Jumper cable
Earthing kit
Weather proofing kit
Roxtec
Surge Arrester
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Cable tray
Rf cable
Egb

Roxtec

PROCEDURE TO INSTALL AN ANTENNA


First we have to make the connection between antenna port and
jumper cable and connection should be weather proofed, and other
end of jumper cable should be covered by polythene. If we give
mechanical tilt then it should be done at bellow, electrical tilt should
be avoided at this condition because, it should be change by
touching the tower body.

Kallol Ghosh

ANTENNA INSTALLATION :

We have to take the antenna up on tower with the help of pulley or rope
Keep the antenna away from tower body by pulling the rope carefully.

Kallol Ghosh

According to the RF Plan we have to set


the antenna at proper height with the pole
mount by using the antenna clamps with
the appropriate electrical tilt.

VCT

RF connector &
Jumper
connector
Earthing
Kits

I/D
Jumper
cable

Surge
Arresto
r

IGB

BTS
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EGB
Sbend

Earthing
kit

EGB

Antenn
a
Jumper
Connec
tor
Jumper
Cable

RF Cable
HCT
35sqm
m
yellow
green
groundi
ng
cable

Quality Check Point Of Antenna


Height of the antenna as per the RF Plan

Mechanical
tilt

Tilt of the antenna as per the RF Plan

Type of the antenna as per the RF Plan

Azimuth of the antenna as per the RF Plan

Electrical
tilt

Nuts bolts or
All the nuts bolts of the antenna should be properly
lock nuts

Lock nuts should be provided


Label should be provided of the back of the antenna
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Type of the antenna as per the RF Plan

Single port antenna


antenna

Quad port
Antenna

Dual port

Label should be provided of the back of


the antenna
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GSM 900
Antenna

Hex port
antenna

Specification of Jumper Cable:


Size - inches
Inner core Pure copper

cylindrical tube of inches


filled with Aluminum.
Outer core Pure Copper

cylindrical tube like spring.


Soft Insulation White soft

foam.
Hard outer insulation Black

insulation material.
Impedance 50.
Flexibility- High.
Length- 1m ,1.5m, 2m, 2m.5m,

3m, 5m, 7 m,10m, 15m.

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Inner
core
Soft
insulatio
n
Outer
Core
Outer
insulation

JUMPER CABLES INSTALLATION :


Now routing the outdoor jumper cable properly by using the cable
ties and connects it to the RF Cable by using the 7/8M RF
connector. Indoor Jumper should b connected with BTS port.

Jumper
cable

RF
connec
tor
RF
Cable
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Kallol Ghosh

Combination of connector in Jumper cable:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8

F 7/8 M
M 7/8 M
F 7/8 F
M 7/8 L.M
M -7/8 L.M

Apart from these some more arrangements are


1.
2.
3.
4.

7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8

M 7/16 M
M 7/16 F
F 7/16 M
F 7/16 F

Outdoor jumper cable 3m


Indoor jumper cable - 1 or 1.5 m

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Jumper cable

Quality Check Point Of Jumper Cable:


In case of U-Loop of both jumper cable should be
parallel
There should not be any sharp bend in the
jumper cable
In case of close loop there should be two cable
ties at the touching point
Routing of Jumper cable should be done by using
cable ties
Distance of the two cable ties should be uniform
and approx 200mm.
At the bend in the Jumper cable at least two
cable ties should be provided at touching edge

Cable
ties

Close
loop
Cable
ties

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Parallel Uloop

Labeling should be done with both the end of jumper


cable
Routing of Jumper cable should be together and along
with the tower body
Termination of Jumper cable should be verified by
VSWR measurement
Last hand of PVC tape should be bottom to top

Proper taping
on jumper
connector

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Labeling on Indoor
jumper cable

Specification Of RF Cable:

Inner
core

Soft Insulation

Feeder Cable
Size of the inner core is equal to the size of
normal co-axial cable.
As its a hollow , so it increase surface,
decrease resistance, increase capacity,
increase flexibility, lesser cost
Inner Core : Pure Copper.
Soft Insulation : Fume
Outer Core : Pure Copper Cylindrical Tube.
Outer Insulation : Hard Insulation , black in
color.
Size Of The Cable : diameter 5/4 or 7/5
Impedance : 50

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Hard outer insulation

Outer core

RF CABLES INSTALLATION FIXING THE RF CABLES WITH RF


CLAMP:

After that we have to place the RF Cable sector wise on


the cable tray by using the RF Clamp (6-way), and mark
on the RF Cable according to the sector .

Weather
proofing
tape
Cable
tray
RF clamp

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RF Clamp:
C-clamp
made of GI

1 way RF
clamp
Dummy
clamp

2 way RF clamp

3 way RF clamp

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6 way RF clamp

Now the bending portion of RF cable should be carefully placed by using a


dummy clamp at the junction point between VCT and HCT. Then another
earthing kit should be attached along with RF cable by using the cable ties
and then RF cable should be placed on HCT by using the RF clamp. Earthing
kit should be straight to the shelter and connect the grounding cable with
EGB properly
Bending
portion of RF
cable

RF
Cab
le
Roxte
c

HCT

EGB

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RF CABLES Connector
CONNECTION BETWEEN RF AND JUMPER:
Quality Point:

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Routing of RF cable through the RF clam should be according to the sector,


there should not be any cross routing of RF cable.

Connection should be made properly and attach the weather proofing tape
properly

Connection should be made by hand tight.

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RF Connector :
Base

Outer

Outer

Base

Port

7/8 female connector

7/8 male connector

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Quality Point Of RF Cable:


There should be a label on RF Cable near RF
to Jumper cable, and RF and Roxtec
Position of RF Clamp should be uniform from
the either edge of cable tray
Routing of RF cable should be in pair and
parallel
Distance of the two RF Clamp should be 0.9
or 0.6 on HCT.
Labeling of RF cable in side the shelter and
outside the shelter should be visible from
bottom

Labeling on
RF cable

Parallel
Routing

No cross
routing,
Routing of RF cable through the RF clamp
Sector wise
should be according to the sector, there should
place

not be any cross routing of RF Cable.


Bending of RF Cable should be greater than
300mm
S-Bend on RF Cable should be properly
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Sbend

WEATHER PROOFING
All ourdoor antenna line connections, grounding kits and wall entries have to be weather proofed .

Connections where weather proofing is needed:


Feeder to jumper at antenna end.
Feeder to antenna

Direction of last hand of PVC tape should be bottom to top.

PVC
Tape

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WEATHER PROOFING:
1.Connection should be tape using PVC
tape.
2.Connection should be sealed by using
Rubber tape.
3.Connection to be tape by using PVC tape
again.

FEEDERS WEATHER PROOFING


KIT (BUTYL TAPE,3/4 PVC TAPE
,2 PVC TAPES ),
THESE ARE SET OF ONE KIT
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Kallol Ghosh

EARTHING KITS & GROUNDING CABLE:

Antenna
Jumper Cable or
Antenna Connector
Jumper Cable or
Antenna Connector

External Jumper
(Normally 1.5m, - see Appendix 2)

Earthing Kit

RF Cable
Earthing Kit

Alternative Orientation
for Grounding Bar

Ground Cable (Tail)


600mm long

200mm < d < 2000mm


Grounding Bar
Ground Cable to Main
Site Ground System

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Ground Cable to Main


Site Ground System

Feeder Cable
Note: Grounding bar should be fixed directly
to the tower where the tower is itself
the main ground down-conductor!

EARTHING KITS
All earthing kits should be attached bellow 1m
from lowest RF connector, along with the RF Cable
in same position on VCT by using the cable ties,
and earthing kits should be connected to EGB. EGB
should be grounded properly.

EARTHING STRIP & CABLE


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1.The earthing kit must always be taken together with RF Cable.


2.All earthing kits should be made in same location.
3.One earthing kits should be terminated to the one hole of EGB.

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EARTHING KIT ,(IT INCLUDES


EARTHING
STRIP,CABLE,WEATHERPROOFING KIT).

Lugs & Strips :


There are three types of lugs 1) I-type 2) Pin type 3) Ring type
Strips and lugs should be same material.

Aluminum strip

Copper
strip

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Roxtec:

Quality point

1. Arrangement of RF Cable should be sector wise.


2. Routing of RF Cable should not be crossed with
each others
3. 4 Robber boots are there, each and every boot
present a hole.
4. Corner should be sealed by using silicon gel
5. Full thread steel screw of size 1-1.5 should be
used

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RF Cable should be entered into the roxtec and mark the position of
RF Cable then it should be removed from roxtec and cut the mark
point on RF cable and connect the 7/8M connector. Now finally we
insert the RF cable into the roxtec and connect it with Surge
arrestors in same location according to sector wise. After that we
have to make an s-bend on RF Cable near the roxtec.

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Surge Arrestors:
Now other end of surge arrestors should be connected with indoor jumper
cable and route it on the indoor cable tray by using the cable ties.
Position of all the surge arrestors are in same.

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Quality Point Of Surge Arrestor :


All the termination of Surge arrestors
and jumper cable should be hand tight
Position of all Surge arrestors should be
in same size
Same position

Grounding cable termination on surge


arrestors should be properly tight.
Routing of Grounding cable should be
along with the same RF Cable.

Grounding
cable bottom
of the RF
cable

Position of Grounding cable should be


bottom of the RF Cable.
Each Grounding cable should be
terminated to EGB.
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Along
with RF
cable

Cable Ties:

Quality Point

1. Routing of Jumper cable should be done by using cable


ties
2. Distance of two cable ties should be uniform and approx
200mm to route a jumper cable
3. Position of knot and direction of knot for cable ties should
be in same .
4. Unused portion of cable ties should be cut on

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Labels:

Quality Point:

1.Labelling on the RF Cable in both inside and outside the shelter


should be visible from bottom.
2.Labels should be provided at the both end of jumper cable.
3.It should be provided of the back of the antenna.

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Kallol Ghosh

Thank You

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Kallol Ghosh