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The Book of John

Reporter:
LUCILLE GACUTAN ARAMBURO

Purpose
John purpose was to present
Jesus as God, and this is evident
in his first and in almost his last
reference to Christ. John the
writer, concentrates on
Jerusalem and Judea, hence the
Lords visit to the feasts are
given special prominence.

A completive Necessity
John interprets who Jesus is inwardly;
unveils the divine; is parallels with
the eagle, gives larger place to Christ
private conversations, his verbal
conflicts with the Jews, and His closer
teaching in seclusion to His inner
disciples; wholly devoted to His
Judean ministry; is doctrinal.
John begins with a direct Divine
revelation of that which as altogether
eternal.

Interpretative
Emphasis
Explains about the different feel
about the gospel.
Creates an interesting problem,
for at certain points it is not easy to
decide where reporting give place to
Johns own comments or explaining.
Johns own recurrent comments
and explaining's are a rewarding
study all in themselves

Flashlight
John did not furnish his readers with anything
like the diary of factual details. There is no
account of our lords birth, baptism, temptation,
transfiguration or ascension. There are only 8
miracles and one parable in John.
There is nothing like the running succession
of major and minor incidents, or the
interweaving of miracles and parable.
John Himself, is fully aware of these omission.
They are not neglected areas; they are
purposely by-passed for the sake of
concentration on the significances of what he
has selected.

Recurrent Ideas
Center: Eternal Life by Believing on Jesus
as son of God and Savior of men.
Christ is revealed as Life, Light, and Love

Key Verse:
John Chapter 1:
1. His own received Him not
2. But as many as received Him
3. To them He gave power to become

Eight (8) Miracles

1. The turning of the water in wine


2. The healing of the noblemans son
3. The curing of the Bethesda paralytic
4. The feeding of the five thousand
5. The walking of over the sea of Galilee
6. The giving of sight to the blind man
7. The raising of Lazarus from death
8.
The miraculous draught of fishes

1st Miracle
Key-note: This beginning of miracles did
Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested
forth His glory; and His disciples believed on
Him.
That ye might believe that Jesus is the
Christ the Son of god; and that believing ye
might have life through His name.

Transformation Ideas of the 8 miracles


1. From Madness to gladness
2. From Disease to health
3. From Paralysis to energy
4. From hunger to fullness
5. From agitation to tranquility
6. From darkness to light
7. From death to life
8. From frustration and failure to copious success

Unique features of the book of


John
Our Lords private interview with individuals and groups:
1. Peter, Nathaniel
2. The ruler Nicodemus
3. The Sychar woman
4. The man born blind
5. Martha and Mary; Bethany
6. The eleven apostles
7. Mary Magdalene
8. The apostle Peter
Thou artthou shalt be

The interview of Jesus


with:
1. Nicodemus: begins with a being born a

new.
2. Sychar woman: inner spring of life and
satisfaction
3. Man born blind: is an inward as well as an
outward eye-opening to see Jesus as the
Son of God
4. Peter: brings restoration and new
commission to ministry for the Saviour.

Designation of Jesus
1. Word 2. Life

3. Light 4. Son

The WORD
. In relation to God, Jesus Christ is the Word and the

Son. As Word, the expression of God, not only


towards man, not only from antiquity, but before
all the creation, fundamentally, eternally, invisibly.
He already was in the beginning, he was God.
. Greek word Logos or Word. As a word may be
distinguished from the thought which it expressed,
so can the Second person of the Godhead be
distinguished from the First. God and the Word
cannot be conceived of a as ever having existed
without each other. The y are distinguishable but
inseparable.

The SON
Theos, the Son in relation to the Father; in
the bosom of the the Father. This is a
reciprocal fellowship of love residing in the
Deity; and it is one of the ultimate, eternal of
God, for there cannot be eternal fatherhood
without eternal sonship. The Word and the
Son supplement and protect each other. The
two terms ensure both aspects of the truth to
us, and at the same time guards us from
error. Our Lord and Saviour, the second
Member of the Trinity is both eternal and
personal.

The Word: Jesus Christ is the expresser,

the revealer, the illuminator, and light.


The Son: Jesus Christ is the personal,
executive, quickener, imparter, the Life
Parallelling with these, there are two
words: grace and truth. The incarnate
one is full of grace and trugh. Full of grace
to redeem man, and full of truth to reveal
God. Jesus Christ is the God-Man RevealerRedeemer.
His name shall be called Wonderful

Life and Light

In relation to us human beings:


From Him all creature life derives, both
physical and emotional.
From Him radiates all true illumination
both intellectual and spiritual

5 associated pairs
1. The word-becoming flesh as the incarnate truth
2. The-shining in the darkness, the darkness

comprehended it not, His own received Him not


3. The life-imparting new birth and power to
become
4. The Son-coming forth full of grace and sharing
His fullness
5. Witness-that all might believe, with frequent
recurrence and have life

Eternal Life through


believing
John gives his practical purpose as That ye might
believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that
believing ye might have life. Believe occurs in its
several forms 98 times; life (zoe) and live (zao) 55 times.
1st: In Him was life, and the life was the light of
man.
This life is in the Son, and that its first action upon the
soul is to give light, the light which reveals spiritual
realities, which shines in the darkness, revealing human
sin and Divine truth.

2nd: And as Moses lifted up the serpent have

eternal life
The life is given to us through faith in the Calvary
work of the Saviour Son, and that it is eternal.
3rd: He that believeth on the Son hath
everlasting Life and he that believeth not the Son
shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on
him.
This eternal life is the present possession of the
believer. There is nothing doubtful: hath, meaning
here and now.

4th: But whosoever drinketh of the

water that I shall give him shall never


thirst; but the water that I shall give him
shall become in him a well of water
springing up into everlasting life
Life is not only a present possession but
an inward satisfaction. We drink, and the
life-giving draught becomes a very
fountain within the soul, ever springing,
ever satisfying.
5th: The possession of eternal life
through faith in the Saviour gives
exemption from judgment.
There has been a pass-over from death
in sin to life in Christ. Jesus bore the
penalty due to the believers sin; and once

6th : Christ Jesus, the Bread of Life, by

giving His flesh and Life


Indicates the feeding upon Him is
believing, and the food is spiritual. But
the remarkable addition, which occurs like
a refrain, is: And I will rise him up at the
last day. This eternal life not ensures
the salvation of the soul, it includes the
promise of immortality for the body.

7th: Eternal preservation and

resurrection
he that believeth in me, though he
may have died, yet shall he live; and
whosoever is living and believing in
Me shall never die.
8th: and this is life eternal that
they might know Thee, the only
true God, and Jesus Christ whom
Thou hast sent
To possess Jesus Christ and be
possessed by Him is to find God- and
the true life. All who accept Christ
are drawn to Him by the Father. The
eternal life which believers possess
through the Saviour is to end in a

Center Glory of the book of


John
Incarnate Word: Only Begotten Son;
the I AM
1. I AM the Bread of Life
2. I AM the Light of the World
3. I AM the Door of the Sheep
4. I AM the Good Shepherd
5. I AM the Resurrection and the Life
6. I AM the Way the Truth and the
Life
7. I AM the true Vine

I AM
Incarnate Word: Only Begotten Son;
the I AM
1. I AM the Bread of Life
2. I AM the Light of the World
3. I AM the Door of the Sheep
4. I AM the Good Shepherd
5. I AM the Resurrection and the Life
6. I AM the Way the Truth and the
Life
7. I AM the true Vine

The Message
Fundamentally, or Lords message
was Himself. He did not come merely
to preach a Gospel; he Himself is the
Gospel. He did not come merely to
give bread; He said: I am the
bread
I am is ego eimi, expresses
personal being in the strongest
possible way

Jesus Christ equal with God


1. Equal with working: What things

soever the Father doeth, these


also the Son doeth likewise.
2. Equal in knowing: For the Father
Loveth the Son, and showeth Him all
things that He himself doeth.
3. Equal in resurrecting: For as the
Father raiseth up the dead, so the
Son quickeneth whom He will.
4. Equal in Judging: For the
Fatherjudgeth no man, but hath
committed all judgment unto the
Son

Jesus Christ equal with God


5. Equal in honor: That all
menshould honour the Son, even as
they honour the Rather.
6. Equal inregenerating: He that
heareth My word is passedfrom
death unto life.
7. Equal in self-existence: For as
the Father hath Life in Himself, so
hath He given to the Son to have
life in Himself.

full of grace and truth


The fullness is embodied that it
might be imparted:
1. Fullness of grace to restore, runs
through His works
2. Fullness of truth to reveal, runs
through His words.

Yes, they are the three essentials


a deep love for Him, a sense of His
commissionto us, and a devoted
following of Him, as He Himself
speaks in the very last sentence of
Johns Gospel:
TILL I COME

John: This is who He really


was: His Godhead
Oh, this wonderful Saviour. How
we ought to prize Him, love Him,
serve Him, and long for that day
when we shall see Him.
Let us keep on serving Him. His
parting words:
1. Lovest thou me?
2. Feed my lamb.Tend My sheep
3. Follow Me

The First & Second


Epistle to the
Corinthians

Introduction
We find reroof in Corinthians.
Reproof always has to do with
wrong practice. The Corinthian
epistles expose fault. In
Corinthians there is a variety of
topics provoked by way of reproof
or reply which are incidental to the
replies which Paul is writing to
requests and reports from Corinth.
The Corinthians epistles are
apologetic (persuasive). There is
largely full of reproof for practical
errors in life and walk.

Introduction
The greatest human missionary of
all times was the Apostle Paul. This
ex-Pharisee, who had once hated
and hounded Christians, made three
great missionary trips, thus, the
former vicious wolf of the flock
became one of Gods finest sheep
dogs.
Epistles to the Corinthians is the
second in importance because of
a. The resurrection of Christ and
the believer
b. The longest epistle written by

Introduction
Problems in the Corinthians Church
1. Perverted doctrine of baptism
2. Bragging about what little human
wisdom they had
3. Carnal to the core
4. Deceive themselves
5. Were puffed up
6. Were tolerating horrible immortality
7. Suing each other in heathen courts
8. Were confused about marriage
9. Had abused the doctrine of Christian
liberty

Introduction
10.they were not dressing properly

in the house of God


11.They had made a mockery of the
Lords Supper
12.They have corrupted the gifts of
the Spirit, especially tongues
13.They w ere confused on the
subject of the resurrection
14.They had let down on their
offerings.

Founding of the Chruch of


Corinth
1. It was founded by Paul during his

second missionary journey


2. Paul stays at least eighteen
months in Corinth before
departing
3. The Corinthians church was then
pastored by a man called Apollos.

1st Letter to the Chruch of


Corinth
1. During the summer of AD 53, Paul

starts on his third missionary


journey, apparently alone.
2. He arrives at Ephesus and spends
three years there
3. While at Ephesus he is visited by a
delegation from Corinth with news
concerning the tragic situation in
their local church.
4. With a ready heart, Paul sits down
and writes 1 Corinthians.

1st Corinthians: Preliminaries


1. The Corinthians believers knew

the truth and could speak the


truth. They simply were not
practicing the truth.
2. Security of the believer
a. Confirm: to establish and make

absolutely secure
b. Blameless: not called into court,
uncharged, but chargeless

1st Corinthians: Preliminaries


1. Paul is writing to one of the most

backslidden, carnal, confused, and


selfish churches on record. He
could only predict their eventual
salvation because of Gods eternal
security, in spite of their pitiful
condition
2. God is Faithful
a. He is faithful in defending his people:
my faithfulness shall be with him. The
enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the
son of wickedness afflict him

1st Corinthians: Preliminaries


b. God id faithful in times of

temptation: There hath no


temptation taken you, but such as
is common to man; but God is
faithful, who will not suffer you to
be tempted above that ye are
able; but will with the temptation
also make a way of escape, that ye
may be able to bear it.
c. God is faithful in keeping the
Christian save: But the Lord is
faithful, who shall establish you,
and keep you from evil

1st Corinthians: Preliminaries


b. God id faithful in chastening his

children: I know O Lord that thy


judgments are right, and that thou
in faithfulness hast afflicted me
c. God is faithful in forgiving
confessed sin: If confess our
sins, he is faithful and just to
forgive us our sins and to cleanse
us from all unrighteous
d. God is faithful in hearing our
prayers: Hear my prayer o Lord,
give ear to my supplications; in
thy faithfulness answer me

1st Corinthians: The Report


Paul replies to a report made about the
church of Corinth:
1. They were following human leaders. It
is easy to rebuke a group if they are
wrong, especially if that group if is
against you anyway, but it is another
thing to criticize sharply those who sing
your praises the loudest.
2. They were favoring earthly wisdom.
Paul points out to them the stupidity of
this, for God had long since rejected
mans wisdom; For it is written, I will
destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will
bring to nothing the understanding of
the prudent

1st Corinthians: The Report


In Gods wisdom, He chose instead the method
of the cross to save men.:
a. Reaction to Gods plan
i. Unsaved: It is a program of a fool
ii. Saved: It is a power of God
(justification-past; sanctification-present;
glorification-glorification)
b. The result of Gods plan
i. Jews: a stumbling block-Israel had
rejected
Gods plan in spite of the fact that he had
provided them with certain signs.
ii. Greek, who requires wisdom; it was
senseless
iii. believers, who simply received it is
sanctification

1st Corinthians: The Report


The reason for Gods plan: But God hath
chosen the foolish things of the world to
confound the wise; and God hath chosen
the weak things of the world to confound
the things which are might; and base
things of the world, and things which are
despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things
which are not, to bring to nought things
that are: that no flesh should glory in his
presence.
In manifesting his own glory, God delighted
in choosing
a. The foolish things of this world: (a
bleeding lamb; a smitten rock; a brass
snake)
b. The weak things of this world: (a rod

1st Corinthians: The Report

c. The base things of this world: (a


harlots son who became a mighty judge; a
heathen girl who became Davids greatgrandmother; an immoral woman who
became a great soul-winner
Paul tactfully reminds the church that it
was a good thing that God did not choose
the intellect and prestige of the world.
For ye see your calling, brethren, how
that not many wise men after the flesh, not
many mighty, not many noble, are called

1st Corinthians: The Report

3. They were floundering in the

flesh: categories
a. The corpse (psuchikos) man

characteristics
He may not be totally depraved, but
he is totally helpless to comprehend
Gods Word . But the natural man
receiveth no the things of the Spirit of
God: for they are foolishness unto
him: neither can he know them,
because they are spiritually
discerned
ii. Man thus concludes that the
Scriptures are senseless
iii. Man is dead and must be resurrected,
for he cannot be revived.
i.

1st Corinthians: The Report

b. The crybaby: the carnal


(sarkikos ) man characteristics:
i. He is helpless, as new born
infant. The word babes is nepios
in the original, and carries with it
weakness without power of speech,
immaturity and inecperience.
I..could not speak unto you as unto
spiritual, but as unto carnal, even
as babes in Christ;.. That we
henceforth be no more children,
tossed to and for, and carried about
with every wind

1st Corinthians: The Report

ii. He is unable to receive


anything but milk. This condition
always suggests either infancy or
infirmity. Milk is proper for awhile
but strong meat belongeth to
them that are of full age, even
those who by reason of use have
these senses exercised to discern
both good and evil
iii. They compared spiritual
leaders instead of spiritual truths.
Paul answers them I have
planted, Apollos watered; BUT God
gave the increase Only God can do

1st Corinthians: The Report

c. The conqueror, the spiritual


man (pneumatikos) man
Characteristics:
i. Not superior, in matters of
brains, strength, background,
money
ii. Not sensational, not sugary
sweet, not straightlaced, not
superficial, not spineless, not
segregated from society, not
sanctimonious
iii.he is spiritual. Thus, a
spiritualman is simply one

1st Corinthians: The Report

4. They were forgetting future

judgment (BEMA) judgment


seat. All Christians must conduct
themselves as faithful stewards of
God. it is required in stewards,
that a man be found faithfulas
good stewardsof the manifold
grace of God
STEWARD: a manager of a large
household or estate, appointed by the
owner and entrusted to keep the
estate running smoothly. He ad the
power to hire and fire and to spend
and save, being answerable to the

1st Corinthians: The Report

STEWARD: His only concern was that


periodic meeting with his master, at
which time he was required to
account for the condition of the estate
up to that said that someday at the
BEMA judgment all stewards will
stand before the Lord and Master and
be required to five an account of the
way they have used their moment of
their conversion: in the past; God
dealt with man as a sinner, in the
present, God deals with us as sons,
and in the future, God deal with us
(BEMA) as stewards.

1st Corinthians: The Report

BEMA materials (gold, silver, precious


stones, wood, hay, stubble
a. Indestructible (gold, silver,
precious stones) and worthy objects
which will survive and thrive in the
fires
b. destructible( (wood, hay,
stubble) and worthless objects which
will be totally consumed in the fires.

1st Corinthians: The Report

Particular areas God is particularly interested


a. How we treat other believers: For God is
not unrighteous to forget your work and
labour of love, which ye have showed
toward his name,
b. How we exercise our authority over
others: Obey them that have the rule
over you, and submit yourselves
c. How we employ our God-given abilities:
that thou stir up the gift of God which
is in thee
d. How we use our money: be not
highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches,
but in the living God, who giveth us richly
all things to enjoy, that they do good, that
they be rich in good works

1st Corinthians: The Report

Particular areas God is particularly interested


e. How we suffer for Jesus: Blessed are ye,
when men shall revile you, and persecute
you and shall say all manner of evil
against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice,
and be exceeding glad, for great is your
reward in heaven
f. How we spend our time: walk in wisdom
redeeming the time, because the days
are evil
g. How we run that particular race which God
has chosen for us. so run, that ye may
obtain; let us run with patience the race
that is set before us; forgetting those
things which are behind, and reaching
forth unto those things which are before, I

1st Corinthians: The Report


Particular areas God is particularly interested
e. How we suffer for Jesus: Blessed are ye,
when men shall revile you, and persecute
you and shall say all manner of evil against
you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be
exceeding glad, for great is your reward in
heaven
f. How we spend our time: walk in wisdom
redeeming the time, because the days are
evil
g. How we run that particular race which God
has chosen for us. so run, that ye may
obtain; let us run with patience the race
that is set before us; forgetting those
things which are behind, and reaching forth
unto those things which are before, I press
toward the mark for the prize of the high

1st Corinthians: The Report


How effective we control the old nature: I
so run, not as uncertainly,so fight I, not as
one that beateht the air.
i. How many souls we witness to and win for
Christ: The fruit of the righteous is a tree
of life, and he that winneth souls is wise.
j. How we react to temptations: count it
all joy when ye fall into divers temptations,
knowing this, that the trying of your faith
worketh patience
k. How faithful we are to the Word of God the
Bible. preach the Word;not shunned to
declare unto you all the counsel of God
h.

1st Corinthians: The Report


Result of the BEMA
a. Some will receive a reward. If any mans
work abide which he hath built thereupon, he
shall receive a reward.
i. The incorruptible crown, given to those who
master the old nature
ii. The crown of rejoicing, given to soul-winner
iii. The crown of life, given to those who
successfully endure temptations
iv. The crown of righteousness, given tot hose
who especially love the doctrine of the rapture
v. the crown of glory, given to faithful
preachers and teachers.
CROWNS ARE TALENTS AND ABILITIES WITH
WHICH TO GLORIFY CHRIST, thus the greater the
reward the greater the ability.

1st Corinthians: The Report


b.
c.

Some will suffer loss. let no man beguile you


of your reward
3 kinds of builders (wise builder, worldly
builder, and the wicked builder). Wicked
builder will not stand before the BEMA but will
be at the great white throne judgment. It
should also be observed that we shall account
for not only what we did, but what we could
have done if we would have and what we
would have done if we could have. The Lord
recompense they work, and a full reward be
given thee of the Lord God, under whose wings
thou art come to trust

1st Corinthians: The Report


5.

They were flattering themselves. The


Corinthians leaders were swollen with pride
due to their authority in the local church. Paul
attempt this sinful attitude:
a. Paul, a true minister of Christ Jesus
i. He is husbandman he is to cultivate
ii. He is a wise builder he is to construct
iii. He is a stewardhe is to control
iv. He is a father.he is to counsel
v. He is a teacher he is to communicate
vi. He is a disciplinarianhe is to correct

1st Corinthians: The Report


b. The life of Paul, his suffering for Christi Jesus
i. He wasbuffeted (denotes a striking with
clenched fists), despised, reviled, persecuted, and
defamed; being reviled, we bless; being
persecuted, we suffer; being defamed, we
entreat
ii. He experienced hunger, thirst, nakedness,
and had no certain dwelling place
iii. He worked long hard hours, supporting
himself. The word labor (kopiao) suggestive of
the labor which causes weariness. It was not
simply a case of earning his living, but a working
his fingers to the bone in doing it.
iv. He was looked upon as the filth of this
world and the offscouring of all things.
v. He was a captured and condemned prisoner
in the end of a victorious Roman parade, a

1st Corinthians: The Report


6.They were falling to discipline. Fornication
(porneia) pornography, the sin evolved a man
living with his stepmother in a sexual way. For
out of much affliction and anguish of heart I
wrote unto you with many tears
REASONs for discipline:
a. To help the man find his way back to God.
b. To keep the sin from spreading throughout the
church. know ye not that a little leaven (evil)
leaveneth the whole lump
c. To maintain the standards of Christi to a
watching world. One reason why the church
has so little influence in the world today is
because the world has so much influence in
the church.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


What about marriage?
a. both partners are to render due benevolence
(good will) to each other. Sexual rights of each
partner. Both have neither has power over his own
body. Separate ownership of oneself does not exist
in the marriage state. Thus, to defraud (deny)
sexual rights one to the other is to invite being
tempted by Satan.
b. The very institution of marriage is God
ordained. The unbelieving partner is sanctified by
the believing spouse, the Holy Spirit can work more
easily in the life of an unsaved husband if there is in
that home the example of a godly and faithful wife.
c. There are times when it may be best to remain
unmarried for a while. There are times when an
individual can od more for Christ single than
married.
d. At all times, a believer should seek Gods
perfect will, concerning whether to marry or remain
1.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


2. What about Christian liberty?
There were many pagan temples at Corinth upon
which tons of animal meat was sacrificed daily.
Some of this meat was consumed by the priests
while the remainder was placed on sale in the
various city meat markets. It was sold cheaper, due
to its previous usage. Some believers, spotting a
bargain, were buying this meat for their table.
Other Christians were shocked at this. Should saved
people eat meat which had previously been
sacrificed to idols? ..if we eat, are we better;
neither, if we eat not, are we worse
a. build himself up
b. build up others
c. He is to help build up the entire church

1st Corinthians: The Reply


If any man thinks that he knoweth anything, he
knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know
KNOWLEDGE is the act of passing from a state of
unconscious ignorance to a state of conscious
ignorance
I do not know what I may appear to the world;
but to myself I seem to have been like a boy playing
on the sea shore and diverting myself, now and then
finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than
ordinary, while the great ocean of truth lay all
undiscovered before me Sir Isaac Newton
Christians are responsible to:
1. The world
2. His immediate family
3. All believers
4. church

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Pauls Christian Liberty: He points out that no one had
more right to exercise Christian Liberty than did he:
a. He was an apostle and had seen Christ Jesus
b. He had founded the Corinthian church
c. He can eat and drink any lawful things; marry and
enjoy a family life
d. Expect those church he founded to support him,
proper:
i. A soldier is paid to fight, and he was a warrior for
Christ
ii. A husbandman enjoys the fruit of the grapes, and he
had nurtured many lambs
iii. A shepherd partakes of the milk of his flock, Paul
had nurtured many lambs
iv. A priest ministering in holy matters lived off the
things in the Temple and Paul was Gods special minister to
the Gentiles. Even so hath the Lord ordained that they
which preach the gospel should live of the gospel

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Paul choose to suffer all things and choose not to employ
all his rightslest we should hinder the gospel of Christ
His life was a living testimony:
a. In ministering to the Jews he preached in Hebrew before
a mob of Jews in Jerusalem
b. In ministering to the gentiles, he stands to preach and
quote from Greek literature
c. In ministering to the weak , he refrain from eating meat
and commands that weak Christians be received into full
fellowship
d. In ministering to himself: but I keep under my body,
and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means
when I have preached to others, I myself should be a
castaway (disapproved)

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Paul choose to suffer all things and choose not to employ
all his rightslest we should hinder the gospel of Christ
His life was a living testimony:
a. In ministering to the Jews he preached in Hebrew before
a mob of Jews in Jerusalem
b. In ministering to the gentiles, he stands to preach and
quote from Greek literature
c. In ministering to the weak , he refrain from eating meat
and commands that weak Christians be received into full
fellowship
d. In ministering to himself: but I keep under my body,
and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means
when I have preached to others, I myself should be a
castaway (disapproved)
Regard to eating:
1. Not to become a meat-market spy when buying food
2. Not to become a kitchen detective when eating food
somewhere
3. Refrain from eating idol meat
4. Never give offense to the Jews, not to the Gentiles, nor

1st Corinthians: The Reply


3. What about conduct?

Rules concerning clothing: nowhere in the Bible are


we given the divine length for a womans hemline or
for that of a mans haircut
Principles which should govern personal appearance:
a. The man is to wear nothing on his head. This is
to demonstrate
i. His relationship to his Saviour. The head of every
man is Christ; for a man indeed ought not to cover his
head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God
ii. His relationship to his spouse. The head of the
woman is the man; the woman is the glory of the man
Thus , no male in a Christian service should wear a hat,
as did the Roman priests and Jewish Rabbis, who wore
a head covering called a tallis. This custom began due
to a misinterpretation of Moses and his veil.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


The man is to wear his hair shorter than that of the
woman. Two factors may have led to this divine rule
i. Because of the general implication. even
nature itself teach you, that, if a man have a long hair,
it is a shame unto him. In Pauls day long hair on a
male was associated with being effeminate. Today it
suggests to some extent rebellion against authority.
ii. Because of a specific vow . This was the Old
Testament Nazarite Vow
b. The woman's appearance
She is to wear her hair long to demonstrate:
submission to her husband
standards to the world. Harlots and slaves wore their hair
short in Pauls time. A Christian woman was decidedly neither.
ii. She is to wear something upon her head, because of the
angels her hair is given her for a covering
i.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


4. What about spiritual gifts? It is a supernatural ability

given by Christ through the Holy Spirit to the believers


at the moment of salvation
TALENT, is a human and natural ability given at birth. A
gift is supernatural and is received at ones second birth.
A spiritual gift is primarily an ability given to the
individual. The gift is the ability to care to people.
The purpose is to glorify the Father, and to edify the
believer and the church
Kinds:
a. Stationary gift: permanent (wisdom, faith, discerning of
spirits, helps, teaching, exhortation, giving, ruling, showing
of mercy, evangelism, pastor-teacher)
b. Gift of apostle ship: a reference to certain men called
by Christ himself and endowed with special authority to
function as the official charter members of the early church

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Gift of Prophecy: a super natural ability to receive and
transmit a revelation from God, especially that which
concerns itself with future events.
d. Gift of Miracles: a super natural ability to perform those
events outside and beyond the realm of nature. Great
outpouring of miracles
c.

During the time of Moses and Joshua


ii.
During the time of Elijah and Elisha
iii. During the time of Christ and his disciples
e. Gift of healing: a supernatural ability to cure human ills,
whether of physical, mental, or demonic origin. The gift of
healing through an individual has ceased. Gods present-day
plan for healing is found in James.
f.
Gift of knowledge. The ability to receive and record parts of
Gods Word.
g. Gift of tongue. The supernatural ability to suddenly speak in
previously unlearned human languages, not tongue babbling
(speaking without thinking)
h. Gift of wisdom: the supernatural ability to apply rightfully both
human and divine knowledge
i.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Giftof spirit discernmnet: the ability to distinguish between


demonic,human, and divine works.
Gift of giving: ability to accumulate and give large sums of
money to Gods glory
Gift of exhortation: ability to deliver challenging words
Gift of minsitreinr (helps) ability to render practical help in
both physical and spirtual matters
Gift of mercy-showing: ability to minsiter to the sick and
afflicted
Gift of ruling: the ability to organize, administer, and promote
either people or projects.

g. Gift of faith.
i. Saving- given to all repenting sinners
ii.Sanctifying- available to all believers
iii.Stewardship-given to some believers .
This is the gift of faith and is a
supernatural ability to believe and expect
great things from God.
h.Gift of teaching. Ability to communicate and
clarify the details of the Word of God.
i. Gift of evangelism. The supernatural ability to
point sinners to Christ and to burden Christian
about soul winning.
j. Gift of pastor-teacher. The supernatural
ability to preach and teach the Word of God
and to feed and lead the flock of God. This is
the only double portion gift of the eighteen
gifts. Thus all teacher are not called to be
pastors, but all pastors are to be teachers.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Without LOVE:
A. Gift of tongue is as noisy brass and
clanging cymbal
B. Gift of prophecy becomes nothing
C. Understanding of mysteries is of no
avail
D. Possessing all knowledge is useless
E. Exercising mountain-moving faith is
vanity
F. Giving away ones goals counts for
naught
G. Sacrificing ones own body is totally
without merit

1st Corinthians: The Reply


Impeccability of LOVE: LOVE
a. Suffereth long, patient, kind, not harsh or
abrupt, envieth not, not jealous
b. It does not desire to deprive another of
what he has, it vaunteth not itself, does not
brag
c. It is not puffed up, is not arrogant
d. It does not behave itself unseemly, does not
act unbecomingly
e. It seeketh not its own, is not self-centered
f. It is not provoked, is good-natured
g. It thinketh no evil, does not meditate upon
evil inflicted by another, as if to avenge it.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


h. It rejoiceth not in iniquity, love does
not find joy in evil
i. It rejoiceth in the truth, love finds its
joy in good ness
j. It beareth all things. Love covers all
things, it believeth all things, is not
suspicious
k. It hopes all things, is unconquerable
Indestructibility of LOVE: LOVE is
l. Continuous, than prophecy, tongues,
and knowledge
m. Supreme then faith and hope

1st Corinthians: The Reply


What about resurrection? Christ Jesus
rose again; It is finished
The mystery of the rapture: we shall not
all asleep, but we shall all be changed.
a. In the twinkling of an eye, about one fifth of
a second.
b. This corruptible must put on incorruption,
bodies of departed believers
c. This mortal must put on immortality, bodies
living believers
GOD is very much interested in physical
things, especially in the bodies of Christians.
The purpose of resurrection is to destroys
mans final enemy-the enemy that shall be
destroyed is DEATH
5.

1st Corinthians: The Reply


MANS ENEMIES
World,
Flesh,
Devil and his
demons
Spiritual death,
Physical death
Death is as a venomous serpent and
its poisonous fang is sin. God will
destroy both the rattler and its fang
Therefore, my beloved brethren, be
ye steadfast, unmovable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord, for
as much as ye know of the Lord, for as
much as ye know that your labour is
not in vain in the Lord

2
Corinthians
nd

2nd Corinthians: Introduction


Written with a quill dipped in tears, from
the apostles anguish of heart, and contains
more of human pathos than any other of his
letters. Yet there is a lovely rainbow shining
thorugh it sall, forin his dire distress and deep
disappointments he is discovering more than
ever before that the Father of mercies is the
God of all comfort and that the heavenly
Masters strenght is made perfect in His
servants weakness.

Soon afterward he was


compelled to flee because of the
fanatical uprising instigated by
the shrine-makers of Artemis
(Diana). Paul wrote his 2nd letter
from Philippi, and under deeply
affecting circumstances.
Source of consolation and
comfort: The Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies
and the God of all comfort
To comfort a person is to
answer his call and walk alongside

2nd Corinthians: Consolation


Two people who needed comfort:
the unborn and the dead. The preacher
who prepared his sermon for
heartbroken people would never lack
for an audience.
The Savior not only comfort us, but
suffers with us. The more we suffers
for Christ. The more comfort he
receives from Christ, and the ore he
receives from Christ, and the more
ability he has to comfort other
suffering people. Thus, he who has
suffered much speaks many languages.

2nd Corinthians: Solicitation


Our Lord became what he was
not (poor) that we might become
what we were not (rich), The
sinless Son of God became the
Son of man that sinful sons of
men might become the sons of
God. Thanks be to God for his
unspeakable gift.
Everyman according as he
purposeth in his heart, so let him
give; not grudgingly, or of
necessity: for God loveth a

Result of Giving:
a. Bring blessing to the needy
b. Bring blessing to the giver
that ye, always having all
sufficiency in all things,..
i. Will be provided by God
ii. Will be prayed for
c. Bring blessing to God. they will
glorify God
Pauls pen is to defend his
apostleship. Both his good name and
ministry were being undermined. In his
able defense Paul demonstrate that:
a.His method s are superior.
i. In defeating Satan one must use blood not
fire.

2nd Corinthians: Vindication


Did not use false/fake measurement
..he that glorifieth, let him glory in the
Lord. For not he that commendeth
himslf is approved, but whom the Lord
commendeth.
i. Did not build upon other mens
foundation. Paul an eloquent and
powerful speaker , but he did not
glory in whatever physical
qualities he may have possessed.
..for man looketh on, the outward
appearance, but the Lord looketh
on the heart; judge not to the
appearance , but judge righteous

2nd Corinthians: Vindication


b. His miracles were superior to that of his

accuser
i. his supernatural sight: Paul actually
died during his stoning at Lystra and that
during this time he experienced the vision,
prior to being raised again from the dead for
God.
ii. His supernatural strength the thorn of
the flesh (chronic ophthalmic) a disease of the
eyes, not extremely painful, but at times
repulsive. Satan may have exploited a natural
infirmity. ..My grace is sufficient for thee: for
my strength is made perfect in weakness
Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in
reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in
distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am
weak, then am I strong.