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Language Network

Pronouns

Pronouns

What is a Pronoun?
Heres the Idea
Why It Matters
Practice and Apply

Heres the Idea

Pronoun

A pronoun is a word that is


used in place of a noun or
another pronoun.

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A pronoun can refer to a person,


place, thing, or idea.

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The word that a pronoun refers


to is called its antecedent.
REFERS TO

Ramon visited Death Valley, and he


was impressed.

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Pronouns such as we, I, he,


them and it are called
personal pronouns.

Personal pronouns
have a variety of
forms to indicate
different persons,
numbers, and
cases.

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There are first-person,


second-person, and
third-person personal
pronouns, each having both
singular and plural forms.

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Singular
I went out.

Plural
We left early.

FIRST PERSON

FIRST PERSON

You left too.

You are leaving.

SECOND PERSON

He came by bus.
THIRD PERSON

SECOND PERSON

They came by car.


THIRD PERSON

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Each personal pronoun


forms three cases:
subject, object, and
possessive.

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Choose the pronoun form depending on


the pronouns function in the sentence.
He read about Death Valley.
SUBJECT

Julie asked him about the rocks.


OBJECT

Ramon bought his book.


POSSESSIVE

Why It Matters

Pronouns help you talk about people concisely


when youre telling a story.

Practice and Apply

Write the personal pronoun in the


sentence below.
1. DeathValleyisfamousforits
strangemovingboulders.

Practice and Apply

Write the personal pronoun in the


sentence below.
2. Therocksslideandleavelong
tracksbehindthem.

Practice and Apply

Write the personal pronoun in the


sentence below.
3. Doyouknowwhythishappens?

Pronouns

Pronoun Agreement
Heres the Idea
Why It Matters
Practice and Apply

Heres the Idea

Antecedent

The antecedent is the noun or


pronoun that a pronoun
replaces or refers to.

Heres the Idea

Use a singular pronoun to refer to a


singular antecedent.

One story has its setting in Egypt.

Heres the Idea

Use a plural pronoun to refer to a


plural antecedent.

The characters have their motives for murder.

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The pronoun must agree in person


with the antecedent.

Louis likes his mysteries to


have surprise endings.

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The gender of the pronoun must be the


same as the gender of its antecedent.

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Personal pronouns have three gender forms:


masculine he, his, him

feminine she, her, hers

neuter it, its

Why It Matters

In your writing, you will


sometimes refer to several
people or groups of people.
Correct pronoun-antecedent
agreement will help your
readers keep track of who is
who in your writing.

Heres the Idea

Agatha Christie sets many of her


stories in England.

The hero has to use all his


wits to solve the crime.

Practice and Apply

Write the pronouns and their antecedents


in these sentences.
4. AgathaChristielovedreallife
mysteriesofthepast.Shehelpedto
investigatethemintheMiddleEast.

Practice and Apply

Write the pronouns and their antecedents


in this sentence.
5. AgathaChristieandherhusband
wentonmanyarchaeologicaltrips
andfoundthemexciting.

Practice and Apply

Write the pronouns and their antecedents


in this sentence.
6. Amysterywritermayuseexotic
placesandbackgroundsforhisor
herstories.

Practice and Apply

Write the pronouns and their antecedents


in this sentence.
7. ChristiestartedMurderin
Mesopotamiainthedesert,butshe
finisheditinEngland.