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# Physics

project

## Sound is any disturbance that

travels through an elastic
medium such as air, ground,
or water to be heard by the
human ear. When a body
moves back and forth
(vibrates), the oscillation
causes a disturbance of the
surrounding medium, it
radiates outward in straight
lines in the form of a pressure
wave.

## The pressure wave is perceived by the

ear as a sound. In physics, sound is
considered to be waves of vibratory
motion, whether or not the human ear
hears them.
Sound waves are generated by and
vibrating body. When something is
moved, like a violin sting, the sting
moving pushes molecules of air into a
clump, which also creates a space. The
clumps energy of motion causes it
to move into other air molecules. Then
air molecule move back into the empty
space. Sound waves cannot travel in a
vacuum because there is no air.

## The human ear can hear most sounds. We can

generally hear between 20 and 20,000 vibrations per
second, but changes for each individual. The
sounds volume is measured in decibels. The
number of vibrations per second is called the
frequency.

## Sounds below 20 vibrations per second are called

subsonic. Sounds above 20,000 vibrations per
second are called an ultrasonic.
A sound wave is usually represent graphically by a
wavy, horizontal line. For a Picture see the bottom
of page 6. The upper part of the wave is called the
crest. It represents condensation

## The lower part is called the trough. It represents the

rarefaction. The graph is not a picture of the wave;
it is just a representation of the wave. The
wavelength, length of the sound wave, is measured
as the distance from one point of the greatest
condensation to the next following it or from one
point to the next corresponding point on another set
of waves.
The velocity of the sound is not constant; it varies
because of temperature. Sounds travel better in
warmer temperatures. Sound travels more slowly in
gases than in liquids and more .

1. Sound
REPORT Sound Sound is any disturbance that
travels through an elastic medium such as air,
ground, or water to be heard by the human
ear. ... Sound waves are generated by and
vibrating body. ... The human ear can hear most
sounds. ... The sound"s volume is measured in
decibels. ... Sounds travel better in warmer
temperatures. ...
Word Count: 722
Approx Pages: 3
Has Bibliography

Sound Waves
Sound Waves Sound is everywhere. ... Whether it"s
the sound that the wind makes when it rustles the tree
branches or the music coming out of our speakers, all
sound is composed of little sound waves that are made
by slight vibrations. ... Sound waves are a part of every
noise and they are imperative to sound perception. ...
For exampl...
Word Count: 1797
Approx Pages: 7
Has Bibliography

. sound

processing
Describing the Issue What is sound
processing? By simple definition, sound
processing is the recording and
manipulation of sound. ... A sound
engineer for a movie, for example, handles
the amplitudes and panning of every single
sound. ... The focus of these equipments is
to offer the best quality type of sounds for
users. ... Consumers claim&#...
Word Count: 582
Approx Pages: 2

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