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Motivation for Study

of
Finite Element Methods

Jayadeep U. B.
M.E.D., NIT Calicut

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Examples of Finite Element Analysis


Crash Test of Automobiles:
Earlier, the crash simulation of automobiles were carried out
by experimentation, which was extremely costly & time
consuming.
Now-a-days, the same can be done using finite element
methods, requiring minimum number of experiments to
validate the results of the virtual simulation.

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Crash Test of Automobiles

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Finite Element Model of C-130 Aircraft

Finite element methods were developed mostly by aerospace


engineers, specifically due to their fundamental objective
Reduce the weight, without the loss of safety!!!
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Fracture Mechanics Analysis

Fracture mechanics deals with the study of the propagation


analysis of an existing crack what load conditions can be
safely withstood by cracked component.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Impact Analysis

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Simulation of Swaging Process

Swaging is a process of forming the ends of tubes Analysis


can be effectively utilized to determine the various
parameters, thus reducing the number of trials required and
the product development time.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Simulation of Blow Molding

Blow molding is commonly used for manufacturing hollow


plastic objects, like bottles.
The analysis involves the fluid (air) structure interaction.
Various parameters, like the air pressure requirement, can be
easily obtained using FEA.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Simulation of Deep drawing

The above animation shows the effective plastic strain in a


cylindrical cup during the deep drawing process.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Vibration Analysis

The modal or the natural frequency analysis is extremely


important for predicting the chance of resonance and taking
corrective actions.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Visco-elastic Dissipation Heating

This animation shows the heating due to visco-elastic


dissipation in a rubber pad.
The analysis could be significant, due to the low temperature
resistance of rubber.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Two-Stage Forming

The objective of this analysis was to determine the residual


stresses resulting from forming, in order to assess the potential
locations for crack initiation.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Analysis of Machining

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Seismic Analysis

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Fluid Mechanics Application

This animation shows Particle Tracing of Unsteady Flow in


Chambers Connected by Valves and a Piston.

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Biomechanics Applications

FE model of Human
Knee.

Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Miscellaneous

A multi-body contact analysis.


Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Miscellaneous

Transient Analysis of a water droplet with and without


considering surface tension.
Lecture - 01

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut

Welcome to the World of FEM!!!

Lecture - 01