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COMPOUNDCOMPLEX

SENTENCE
GROUP 5 :
STATE POLYTECHNIC OF JAKARTA
MAJORING HIGHWAYS CONSENTRATION

LETS REVIEW !!!

COMPOUND
SENTENCE

COMPLEX
SENTENCE

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

MORE THAN ONE IC

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
ADVERB
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

THE FOUR WAYS

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
ADVERB
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

IC + Coordinating Conjunction
+ IC

FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
I had a really good time, yetit was soon
dark.

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
ADVERB
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

IC + Conjunction adverb
+ IC

THE FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
She looks Llike a boy,despite that,
shes good at cooking.

Logic

FANBOYS

Conjunctive Adberb

Addition

and

in addition, too, moreover, also, additionally,


furthermore, further, again, besides

Comparison

likewise, similarly, by comparison

Opposition, Contrast,
Concession

but, yet

however, nevertheless, on the other hand, in contrast,


despite that, in spite of that, nonetheless,
notwithstanding, rather

Cause

for

Result or Effect

so

therefore, thus, hence, as a result, consequently,


accordingly

Choice, Option,
Alternative

or, nor

on the other hand, alternatively

Example, Illustration,
Explanation, Reason

for example, indeed, for instance, certainly, in fact, or


course

Time

first, now, next, then, last, subsequently, second,


third, afterwards, later, previously, meanwhile, before
that, finally

Digression

incidentally, by the way

Summary

in summary, in brief, in short, in a word

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
ADVERB
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

Correlating Conjunction + IC + Coordinating


Conjunction + IC

THE
FOUR
WAYS
Whetheryou win this raceorlose it

EXAMPLE :
-

doesn't matter.
- No sooner did i reach the station than the
train left.

These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English:


These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English:
Either
... or
Either
... or
Neither
... nor
Neither
... nor
Not only ... but also
Not only ... but also
Whether
... or
Whether
... or
Both
... And
Both
... And
Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include
Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include
the following:
the following:
As
... as
As
... as
Just as
... so
Just as
... so
The more ... the less
The more ... the less
The more ... the more
The more ... the more
No sooner ... than
No sooner ... than
So
... As
So
... As

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
ADVERB
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

FOUR WAYS TO FORM


COMPOUND SENTENCES

IC + SEMI-COLON (;) + IC

THE FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
Diana looked panic ; shes afraid

COMPLEX SENTENCE
FORMU
LA

TYPES
of DC

ONLY ONE IC + AT LEAST ONE


DC

1. ADVERBIAL CLAUSE
2. ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
3. NOUN CLAUSE

ADVERBIAL
CLAUSE

ADJECTIVE
CLAUSE

NOUN
CLAUSE

ADVERBIAL
CLAUSE

ADJECTIVE
CLAUSE

use subordinate conjunction in front of


dependent clause (adverb clause)
Independent Clause (IC) + Subordinate Conjunction + Adverbial
Clause

EXAMPLE
NOUN
CLAUSE

He acts as if he were a boss

Time

Place

Contrast

Manner

Purpose &
Result

Cause &
Effect

Condition

After

where

Whereas

As

In order
that

Because

If

before

Although

As if

So that

Since

Unless

When

Even if

As though

In case

since

While

Like

until
as soon
as
every time

How

If only

ADVERBIAL
CLAUSE

ADJECTIVE
CLAUSE

The adjective clause is connected to


independent clause by relative
pronoun.
Independent Clause (IC) + Relative Pronoun + Adjective
Clause

EXAMPLE
NOUN
CLAUSE

The womanwhosechildren had been killed in


the car accident cried very hard.

Subject

Object

Possessive

Adverb

Statement

Who

Whom

Whose

Where

Why

Which

Which

Of which

When

That

That

ADVERBIAL
CLAUSE

ADJECTIVE
CLAUSE

NOUN
CLAUSE
next

The noun clause begins with noun


clause markers
1. NOUN CLAUSE AS A SUBJECT
ex :
What you have said is not convince to me
2. NOUN CLAUSE AS AN OBJECT
ex :
I need to know what is on your mind
3. NOUN CLAUSE AS AN OBJECT of PREPOSITION
ex :
Im afraid of what you are going to do
4. NOUN CLAUSE AS SUBJECTIVE OMPLEMENT
ex :
The problem was that you never come on time

noun clause markers


who, which, what, where,
when,
why, how, if, that, whether

COMPOUNDCOMPLEX
SENTENCE

DEFINITION
The compound-complex sentence is so named
because it shares the characteristics of both
compound and complex sentences.
Like the compound sentence, the compoundcomplex has two main clauses (IC). Like the complex
sentence, it has at least one subordinate clause (DC)

DEFINITION

Asentencewith two or more


independent clauses and at least one
dependent clause.

FORMULA

MORE THAN ONE IC


AND AT LEAST ONE DC

Example

The yachtsman had lost all sense of directions, yet he refused to


The yachtsman had lost all sense of directions, yet he refused to
give up
IC
IC
give up
in his attempt to cross the Atlantic, although it could kill himself
in his attempt to cross the Atlantic, although it could kill himself
DC

Neither We can swim well nor I did bring the buoy, finally we just
Neither We can swim well nor I did bring the buoy, finally we just
blame each IC
DC
IC
blame each

other
other

IC + COORDINATING CONJUNCTION + IC +
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC

2.

SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC + IC +
CONJUNCTION ADVERB + IC

3.

IC + RELATIVE PRONOUN + DC + SUBORDINATING


CONJUNCTION + IC

4.

SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC + IC + NOUN


CLAUSE MARKER + DC + SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
+ DC

STRUCTUR
E

1.

STRUCTURE
John will get a good chance to get the
COOR. CONJ

IC

job, for his father was on the


IC
SUB. CONJ
company's
board of trustees, provided that he
DC
should graduate
his college first

BACK

STRUCTURE
SUB. CONJ

Of all the
people,the

tragedies

was

suffered

the

US

DC

IC
9/11 terrorist attack
killed more individuals
CONJ. ADV

than Pearl Harbor ; therefore , it is the most


tragic loss in IC
American history.
BACK

STRUCTURE
The Twin Towers were destroyed by
IC
REL. PRON

terrorists, who thought they could tear


DC
SUB. CONJ

the US apart, but instead,this tragedy


brought the US people together.
IC

BACK

STRUCTURE
SUB. CONJ

Although
she
recognition,

work

hard

to

gain

DC
REL. PRON

Many peopleIC didnt know who sheDC


was,
SUB. CONJ

IC
her friend didnt appreciate
her work
BACK

EXERCISE
I. Identify these sentence completely !
1.

Bruno likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the
mountains, moreover he enjoys hiking in the forest.

2.

Even if they are 250 miles apart, they keep in constant contact on
the internet.

3.

Bruno dislikes sitting on the beach; he always gets a nasty sunburn.

4.

Bruno tends to get bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves,
getting sand in his swimsuit, and reading detective novels for a
week.

5.

Bruno took the desktop computer that he uses at work, on the other
hand Pauline is playing an online game on the beach with her
laptop computer, which she connects to the internet with a cellular
phone.

EXERCISE
II. ARRANGE THESE SENTENCE INTO A COMPLETE SENTENCE AND
IDENTIFIED IT !
1. a) Notwithstanding he got a kneeache
b) yet his favorite sport is badminton
c) john plays basketball well
2. a) I will be your soldier
b) who fighting every second of the day
c) as long as you love me
d) for your dreams