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# COMPOUNDCOMPLEX

SENTENCE
GROUP 5 :
STATE POLYTECHNIC OF JAKARTA
MAJORING HIGHWAYS CONSENTRATION

## LETS REVIEW !!!

COMPOUND
SENTENCE

COMPLEX
SENTENCE

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

## MORE THAN ONE IC

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

## THE FOUR WAYS

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

IC + Coordinating Conjunction
+ IC

FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
I had a really good time, yetit was soon
dark.

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

+ IC

## THE FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
She looks Llike a boy,despite that,
shes good at cooking.

Logic

FANBOYS

and

furthermore, further, again, besides

Comparison

## likewise, similarly, by comparison

Opposition, Contrast,
Concession

but, yet

## however, nevertheless, on the other hand, in contrast,

despite that, in spite of that, nonetheless,
notwithstanding, rather

Cause

for

Result or Effect

so

accordingly

Choice, Option,
Alternative

or, nor

## on the other hand, alternatively

Example, Illustration,
Explanation, Reason

course

Time

## first, now, next, then, last, subsequently, second,

third, afterwards, later, previously, meanwhile, before
that, finally

Digression

Summary

## in summary, in brief, in short, in a word

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

## Correlating Conjunction + IC + Coordinating

Conjunction + IC

THE
FOUR
WAYS
Whetheryou win this raceorlose it

EXAMPLE :
-

doesn't matter.
- No sooner did i reach the station than the
train left.

## These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English:

These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English:
Either
... or
Either
... or
Neither
... nor
Neither
... nor
Not only ... but also
Not only ... but also
Whether
... or
Whether
... or
Both
... And
Both
... And
Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include
Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include
the following:
the following:
As
... as
As
... as
Just as
... so
Just as
... so
The more ... the less
The more ... the less
The more ... the more
The more ... the more
No sooner ... than
No sooner ... than
So
... As
So
... As

COMPOUND SENTENCE
FORMULA

COORDINATING
CONJUNCTION
CONJUNCTION
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTION
SEMI COLON (;)

## FOUR WAYS TO FORM

COMPOUND SENTENCES

IC + SEMI-COLON (;) + IC

## THE FOUR WAYS

EXAMPLE :
Diana looked panic ; shes afraid

COMPLEX SENTENCE
FORMU
LA

TYPES
of DC

DC

3. NOUN CLAUSE

CLAUSE

CLAUSE

NOUN
CLAUSE

CLAUSE

CLAUSE

## use subordinate conjunction in front of

Independent Clause (IC) + Subordinate Conjunction + Adverbial
Clause

EXAMPLE
NOUN
CLAUSE

Time

Place

Contrast

Manner

Purpose &
Result

Cause &
Effect

Condition

After

where

Whereas

As

In order
that

Because

If

before

Although

As if

So that

Since

Unless

When

Even if

As though

In case

since

While

Like

until
as soon
as
every time

How

If only

CLAUSE

CLAUSE

## The adjective clause is connected to

independent clause by relative
pronoun.
Independent Clause (IC) + Relative Pronoun + Adjective
Clause

EXAMPLE
NOUN
CLAUSE

## The womanwhosechildren had been killed in

the car accident cried very hard.

Subject

Object

Possessive

Statement

Who

Whom

Whose

Where

Why

Which

Which

Of which

When

That

That

CLAUSE

CLAUSE

NOUN
CLAUSE
next

## The noun clause begins with noun

clause markers
1. NOUN CLAUSE AS A SUBJECT
ex :
What you have said is not convince to me
2. NOUN CLAUSE AS AN OBJECT
ex :
I need to know what is on your mind
3. NOUN CLAUSE AS AN OBJECT of PREPOSITION
ex :
Im afraid of what you are going to do
4. NOUN CLAUSE AS SUBJECTIVE OMPLEMENT
ex :
The problem was that you never come on time

## noun clause markers

who, which, what, where,
when,
why, how, if, that, whether

COMPOUNDCOMPLEX
SENTENCE

DEFINITION
The compound-complex sentence is so named
because it shares the characteristics of both
compound and complex sentences.
Like the compound sentence, the compoundcomplex has two main clauses (IC). Like the complex
sentence, it has at least one subordinate clause (DC)

DEFINITION

## Asentencewith two or more

independent clauses and at least one
dependent clause.

FORMULA

## MORE THAN ONE IC

AND AT LEAST ONE DC

Example

## The yachtsman had lost all sense of directions, yet he refused to

The yachtsman had lost all sense of directions, yet he refused to
give up
IC
IC
give up
in his attempt to cross the Atlantic, although it could kill himself
in his attempt to cross the Atlantic, although it could kill himself
DC

Neither We can swim well nor I did bring the buoy, finally we just
Neither We can swim well nor I did bring the buoy, finally we just
blame each IC
DC
IC
blame each

other
other

IC + COORDINATING CONJUNCTION + IC +
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC

2.

SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC + IC +

3.

CONJUNCTION + IC

4.

## SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + DC + IC + NOUN

CLAUSE MARKER + DC + SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
+ DC

STRUCTUR
E

1.

STRUCTURE
John will get a good chance to get the
COOR. CONJ

IC

## job, for his father was on the

IC
SUB. CONJ
company's
board of trustees, provided that he
DC
his college first

BACK

STRUCTURE
SUB. CONJ

Of all the
people,the

tragedies

was

suffered

the

US

DC

IC
9/11 terrorist attack
killed more individuals

## than Pearl Harbor ; therefore , it is the most

tragic loss in IC
American history.
BACK

STRUCTURE
The Twin Towers were destroyed by
IC
REL. PRON

DC
SUB. CONJ

## the US apart, but instead,this tragedy

brought the US people together.
IC

BACK

STRUCTURE
SUB. CONJ

Although
she
recognition,

work

hard

to

gain

DC
REL. PRON

## Many peopleIC didnt know who sheDC

was,
SUB. CONJ

IC
her friend didnt appreciate
her work
BACK

EXERCISE
I. Identify these sentence completely !
1.

Bruno likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the
mountains, moreover he enjoys hiking in the forest.

2.

Even if they are 250 miles apart, they keep in constant contact on
the internet.

3.

## Bruno dislikes sitting on the beach; he always gets a nasty sunburn.

4.

Bruno tends to get bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves,
week.

5.

Bruno took the desktop computer that he uses at work, on the other
hand Pauline is playing an online game on the beach with her
laptop computer, which she connects to the internet with a cellular
phone.

EXERCISE
II. ARRANGE THESE SENTENCE INTO A COMPLETE SENTENCE AND
IDENTIFIED IT !
1. a) Notwithstanding he got a kneeache
b) yet his favorite sport is badminton