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Behavior-based

Safety (BBS)

What is behavior-based
safety?

Reflects a proactive approach


to safety and health
management

Reflects a proactive
approach to injury
prevention
1a

What is behavior-based
safety?

Focuses on at-risk behaviors


that can lead to injury

Focuses on safe behaviors that


can contribute to
injury prevention

BBS is an injury
prevention process
1b

Implementation phases
of BBS

Phase 1 - assess the safety


culture

Phase 2 - educate
and train team
leaders

2a

Implementation phases
of BBS

Phase 3 - educate and train


employees about the principles,
tools, and
implementation
strategies

Phase 4 - monitor
the progress
2b

The corporate safety


culture

Develop a clear safety mission


and goals

Communicate the vision and


goals

Enable each area to


attain its own safety
goals
3a

The corporate safety


culture

Encourage individual
participation

Empower employees to set and


achieve their own goals

Foster mutual
respect and support
3b

The Safety Triad

4a

Critical behaviors and


barriers to safety

At-risk behaviors that lead to


serious injury or fatality

At-risk behaviors that could lead to


serious injury or fatality

At-risk behaviors that lead to a


large number of minor injuries or
near misses
5a

Critical behaviors and


barriers to safety

At-risk behaviors that could


contribute to a large number of
injuries because many people
perform a given task

Safe behaviors that need to


occur consistently in order to
prevent personal injury
5b

Motivation

Motivation is built on a solid


corporate culture

6a

Motivation

Some examples of motivational


influences that can take
precedence over motivation
include:

an individuals self worth


a secure work environment
desire for achievement

6b

Motivation

Some examples of motivational


influences that can take
precedence over motivation
include:
desire for recognition
how employees feel about their
jobs in general

6c

Motivation

Lack of motivation often


centers around attitudinal
problems

Address the motivational


influences to increase energy
and enthusiasm
6d

Motivation

Key motivational points include:

asking employees for their input


holding morale-building meetings
providing employees with the tools
they need to do their work
recognizing personal needs

6e

Motivation

Key motivational points include:


providing employees with
challenging tasks
privately recognizing employees
for good work
fostering a sense of community at
your facility

6f

The DO IT process
Define behaviors
Observe behaviors
Intervene
Test the intervention
7a

Principles of
behavior-based safety

Focus intervention on
observable behavior

Look for external factors to


understand/improve behaviors

Direct with activators and


motivate with consequences
8a

Principles of
behavior-based safety

Focus on positive consequences


to motivate behavior

Apply the scientific method to


improve intervention

8b

Principles of
behavior-based safety

Use theory to integrate


information, not to limit
possibilities

Design interventions with


consideration of internal
feelings and attitudes
8c

Summary
Behavior-based safety

Reflects a proactive approach


to safety and health
management

Reflects a proactive approach


to injury prevention

9a

Summary
Behavior-based safety

Focuses on at-risk behaviors


that can lead to injury

Focuses on safe behaviors that


can contribute to injury
prevention

Is an injury prevention process


9b