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Situation of Muslims in mecca before hijra

shab e abi talib.3 yrs


Torcher of bilal
Sumayya. Muslims not allowed to rebel
First hijra to Abyssinia
Hijrath to madina
Their properties looted and abandoned families
Ansar and muhajir relations ship
Test to ansar
Chance to rebel to muhajir

Let

those (believers) who sell the life of this world for the
Hereafter, fight in the cause of Allah, and who so ever fights in
the cause of Allah, and is killed or gets victory, We shall bestow
upon him a great reward.
(Holy Quran, Chapter Nisa)

From Quran

"When you asked for help from


your Lord, He answered you.
Indeed I will aid you with a
thousand of the Angels in rows
behind rows". [Surah Al-Anfaal 8:9]

Aims & Objectives of Jihad in Islam

Peace is fundamental in Islam


Popularizing Godliness
To help oppressed and aggrieved
To give befitting reply to aggression
To eradicate Tribulation and Colonial Powers
To test the Believers
To satisfy the Believers
Its aim is to remove all obstacles in the way of Social
evolution and human welfare.

Pre-Badr Missions and


Invasions

reconnaissance patrols
(spying about enemies power and strategies )
Explore the geopolitical features of the roads surrounding
Madinah and others leading to Makkah
building alliances with the tribes nearby.
The Prophet wanted to impress upon the polytheists and Jews
of Madinah that the Muslims had smashed their old fears, and
had been too strong to be attacked with impunity
He also wanted to display the power of his followers in order
to deter Quraish from committing any military folly against
him stop them from persecuting the helpless Muslims detained
in Makkah,

Table Showing Military Expeditions of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)


Between 1st to 10th Year of Hijrah
S.
no.

Years of
Expedition in
Hijrah

Ghazwah

Sariyah

Total
Expedition

1.

1st Year

2.

2nd Year

12

3.

3rd Year

4.

4th Year

5.

5th Year

6.

6th Year

11

14

7.

7th Year

11

14

8.

8th Year

10

13

9.

9th Year

Total

28

51

79

Prophets Military Policy

Challenges faced by the Young Islamic State


Prophets Mentoring of Sahaba
Cooperation and Non-Aggression Pact with
Jews, Auz, Khazraj & nearby Clans
Military contingents for Patrolling the
neighboring areas
Muslims Target the commerce route of
Makkah

On account of the new grave developments, the Prophet [pbuh]


held an advisory military emergency meeting to review the
ongoing situation and exchange viewpoints .
Abu Bakr was the first who spoke on the occasion and assured
the Prophet [pbuh] of the unreserved obedience to his command.
Umar was the next to stand up and supported the views
expressed by his noble friend.
Then Al-Miqdad bin Amr got up and said: "O Messenger of
Allh! Proceed where Allh directs you to, for we are with you.
We will not say as the Children of Israel said to Moses
"Go you and your Lord and fight and we will stay here;"

The Prophet [pbuh] then said:


"Advise me my men!
Sad bin Muadh stood up and said: if
you were to ask us to plunge into the
sea, we will do that most readily and not
a man of us will stay behind

The Battle of Badr


The first decisive battle in the History of Ummah

17th Ramadhan 2nd Hij.


18th November 623 AD
Location of Badr:
About 160 miles / 225 km South-West of Madina city
About 250 miles / 400 km North of Makkah city
About 30 km East of Red Sea

The Caravan or The


Army

Abu Sufiyan Leader of


Caravan

Goods mounted on 1000


camels, worth 50 thousand
Gold Dinars
Guarded by only 40 Men

Prophet marched out of


Madina on 12 Ramadan
(2Hijri) with little more than
300 men

Consultation at Valley of
Zafran

Prophet heads towards Badr

LOCATION MAP OF BADR

MA
R
GR TYR
S
AV
ES

THE BATTLE FIELD OF BADR

AL UDWAHTUD DUNYA

MUSLIM HQ
WATER
TANK

WELL

LS
WEL ED
E
D R
REN ESS
L
USE

QURAISH HQ
AL
U

DW
AHT
UD

JABAL ASFAL

DUN
YA

PLAN SHOWING THE ARRANGMENT OF TROOPS


IN THE COMBAT OF BADR
MOSQUE AL-ARISH

FAST DROMEDARIES
KEPT READY
ISLAMIC HQ

ISLAMIC CAVALRY
ARCHERERS
ARCHERERS
WATER TANK

WELL

PAGAN'S CAVALRY
QURAISH ARMY CAMP

The image of ground of Badr

The Two Armies

Army of Believers

300-317 Men
82-86 Muhaajiroon, 61
Aws & 170 Khazraj
Only 2 Horses
70 Camels (1/2-3 Men,
even Rasoolullah)
Gen. Leadership/White
Standard given to Musab
ibn Umair
Army divided into two
battalions, Muhaajirs with
a standard raised by Ali
ibn Abi Talib, and Ansar
with the standard raised
by Sad ibn Muadh

Army of NonBelievers

1300 Soldiers
100 horsemen
600 mailed soldiers
with a large number of
camels
Banu Zahrah break
away from Kuffar Army.
Army reduced to 1000
soldiers
Slaughtered 9-10
camels/day to feed

To Madinah

Badr

To Makkah

To Madinah

The Muslim
army reaches
Badr
Camps at the
Near bank
close to
Madinah

To Makkah

To Madinah

Initial Muslims camp

To Makkah

To Madinah

The advice of AlHubab bin AlMunther

To Makkah

To Madinah

The Muslims
construct a
reservoir and
fill it with
water

To Makkah

To Madinah

The Muslims
close the
wells that are
close to
Quraysh side
(The Farther
Bank)

To Makkah

To Madinah

To Makkah

To Madinah

The Muslim Army sleeps and rests

To Makkah

To Madinah

Rain falls

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Friday
17th
Ramadhan,
2AH

To Makkah

To Madinah

Al-Areesh
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

"When you asked for help from your


Lord, He answered you. Indeed I will aid
you with a thousand of the Angels in
rows behind rows". [Surah Al-Anfaal
8:9]

To Makkah

The Rows System


As-Saff

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Al-Walid
Utbah
Shaybah

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Ali
Al-Walid

Ubaydah

Utbah
Hamza
Shaybah

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Ali
Al-Walid

Ubaydah

Utbah

Hamza

Shaybah

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Ali
Ubaydah
Utbah

To Makkah

Hamza

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Ali
Ubaydah
Utbah
Hamza

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Ali
Ubaydah
Hamza

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
an
t
try
Ar
c
Sp hers
ea
rs

Quraysh charged forcefully!!

To Makkah

To Madinah

Ar
ch

To Makkah

Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t
er
s

To Madinah

Ar
ch

To Makkah

Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t
er
s

To Madinah

Sp
ea

To Makkah

Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t
rs

To Madinah

Sp
ea

To Makkah

Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t
rs

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
t
an
try

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
t
an
try

To Makkah

To Madinah

The Prophet
entices the
army to push
Quraysh back
and charge
them

To Makkah

Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
t
an
try

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
Inf
os
t
an
try

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t

To Makkah

To Madinah

N
Th
Co e P r o
mm p h
an et
dP s
os
t

To Makkah

MIRACLES DURING THE


BATTLE:

The records of Hadith speak eloquently of the fact that the angels
did appear on that day and fought on the side of the Muslims. Ibn
Abbas said: "While on that day a Muslim was chasing a
disbeliever and he heard over him the swashing of a whip and the
voice of the rider saying: Go ahead Haizum. He glanced at the
polytheist who had (now) fallen down on his back.
One of the Helpers captured Abbas bin Abdul
Muttalib, who said: "O Messenger of Allh, by Allh
this man did not capture me. I was captured by a
man who was bald and had the most handsome
face, and who was riding a piebald horse, I cannot
see him here among the people."

Hazrat Akasha bin Muhsin Asadi (r.a) was fighting bravely


with his sword but it broke. He came to our Beloved Prophet
(saw) for help.
Our Beloved Prophet (saw) gave him a dry branch of a tree
and told him to fight in the battlefield with it. The faithful
companion Hazrat Akasha (r.a) took the branch and moved
it a bit in his hand, and it turned into a very strong and long
white sword!
The faithful companion fought the rest of the battle with this
miraculous sword

TIES OF BLOOD OR FAITH

Musab b. Umyr passed by his brother


when an Ansaari young man was tying
up the hands of Abu Aziz b. Umayr.
Musab called out, Bind him fast, for his
mother is sufficiently rich; perhaps she
would pay a handsome ransom
Abu bakr and his son
Umar and his uncle

THE FIRST MARTYR

Umayr b. al-Hunaim heard the Prophets


(sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) call thrown
the date he was eating and participated
in badr

ENTHUSIASM OF THE YOUNGSTERS

When the detachments went out from Madeenah, a boy of sixteen,


whose name was Umair b. Abi Waqqas also accompanied the
warriors stealthily because he feared that if the Prophet (sallallahu
`alayhi wa sallam) saw him, he would send him back due to his
juvenile age. When his elder brother, Sad b. Abi Waqqas saw
Umair avoiding detection of the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa
sallam), he verified this. Umair replied, I am afraid that the
Prophet of God will send me back due to my age, but I want to take
part in the battle. God may perhaps honour me withmartyrdom.
When the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) saw Umair, he
asked him to go back but he started crying and so he was allowed to
stay with them. Umair was killed in the battle and thus his heart's
desire was fullfiled. (Usd ul-Ghaba, Vol. IV, p. 148)

THE AMBITION OF TWO


BROTHERS
Full of enthusiasm, everybody seemed to be bent upon outdoing others

in deeds of valor and the acquisition of martyrdom


Abdur Rahman b. Auf says: I was fighting in my row on the day of
Badr, when, lo! I saw on my right and left two very young boys;
Suddenly, one of them asked me in a low voice, so that his companion
should not hear: O my uncle! Show me Abu Jahl! I said: O my
brothers son! What have you to do with him? He answered: I have
vowed before God that I shall kill him when I see him, or shall be
killed by him! - And the other boy spoke to me likewise in a low voice,
pointed him out to them, and they threw themselves
upon the person in question like two hawks and struck
him down.

Result of The Battle of


Badr

On the Believers
Side

22 Sahaba martyred
The Prophet (pbuh)
and believers stayed
for 3 days in Badr
Buried the Martyrs
Buried the Killed
Enemies
Gathered the Booty

On the Non-Believers
side

70 Killed
70 Captured as PoW
Leaders of Quraish
Killed

Shaiba
Utba
Abu Jahal
Abu Bakhtari
Aas bin Hisham
Ummaiyah bin Kahalf
etc

Loss of more than


2.5Lakh Dirham

Behavior
with
war
70 prisoners were
taken by the
captives

Muslims. The
prisoners were
treated with much

kindness by the citizens of


Madina and some became
Muslims.

"Blessing be on the
men of Madina", said one of these prisoners in later days,
"they made us ride,
while they themselves walked,

they gave us wheat and bread to eat when


there was little of it,
contenting themselves with dates

Others were asked to teach 10 children each to read and write while the rest were
released by the Holy Prophet (S),
and allowed to return to Makka.

Dr
o

ne

at
ta

ck
s

Modren day nato war style

For world poer


For merely worldly pleasure
& materialistic needs
And to wipe our islamic rule ifrom any
ware
On face of the earth

16 million deaths and 20 million


wounded ranking it among the
deadliest conflictsin human history.
World War IIwas the
deadliest military conflict in history. Over
60 million people were killed, which was
over 2.5% of the world population.

Tactics employed by the Muslim army

1. UNITY OF LEADERSHIP
The Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) was the supreme
commander in the battle, an ideal leader who consulted with
his companions, accepted good advices and went at the head
of his forces when the need arose. This generated a
magnificent discipline in the Muslim army, which is contrary
to the deep divisions that characterize the armed forces of the
enemies

2. MILITARY COMPETENCE
The Muslim soldier was known for exemplary fighting
competence, rigorous discipline, obedience to the commander
and a strong communal spirit which the Prophet (sallallahu
`alayhi wa sallam) had worked hard to inculcate in his
companions. This was exemplified in the brotherhood
between the Muhaajirun (Makkan Muslims) and the Ansaar
(Madinan Muslims). On the opposite side, we see that
extreme selfishness and individualism were dominant in the
ranks of the Makkan pagan army

3. NEW TROOP-DISPOSITION PLAN


The march of the Muslim army from Madeenah was in a combative
form, which resembles modern fighting strategies. The Prophet
(sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) sent off a vanguard and left behind a
rear-guard, made use of exploratory patrols, raided the enemy camps to
take captives that divulge information before the battle and braved the
war in a new fashion based on cooperation, that of fighting with closed
ranks. On the other hand, the Makkan pagan army followed a hit-andrun approach.
4. HIGH SPIRITS
The Muslim fighter enjoyed high morale emanating from firm
faith. The Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam)
encouraged his men and enhanced their spirits with constant
prayers and promising them with success.

5. CLARITY OF PURPOSE
The chief purpose of the Muslims was to destroy the heads of
infidelity and remove the obstacles from the way of the mission.
Assaulting the caravan of Quraish was only a tactical aim. This is why
we find that the Prophet (sallallahu`alayhi wa sallam) decided to attack
the Makkan Pagan army to realize the strategic chief purpose
mentioned earlier in spite of the fact that the caravan (the tactical aim)
had slipped away
Muslims were fighting to attain God's pleasure, to raise God's word
over all others and to remove material obstacles facing Islam which
aims to liberate man from slavery and ppression. On the other side of
the spectrum, the Pagans were fighting for lowly worldly aims, corrupt
decrepit ideas or in fanatic support of a tribe or clan.

IN BRIEF WE CAN SEE THE RESULTS OF


THE BATTLE AS FOLLOWS:

The battle put in jeopardy Makkah's trade route with


the Syrian territories
. It weakened Quraish's reputation and respect among
Arabs.
It solidified the Muslims' position and the status of
their new nucleus state in Madeenah.
It paved the way for spreading Islam among the
tribes of Arabia by destroying the barrier of respect
paid to Quraish which was defeated

. It enhanced the solidarity between the Muhajirun


and the Ansaar.
. It provided an occasion to pass as law the taking of
a fifth of the spoils for the Muslim treasury. Quranic
verses revealed immediately after the battle made this
law which enhanced the Muslim treasury and the
Muslim state budget. This law continued to be the
greatest source of income for the treasury up to the
end of the Muslim conquests in the early days of
Islam

Lessons from Battle of


Badr

Separating right from


wrong

Separating Iman from


Kufr

Separating passiveness
from engaging in
defending and spreading
Islam

Separating true loyalty


to Islam from tribe and
family

Separating true sincere


sacrifice for Allah from
earthly gains


41
On the day when the true was
distinguished from the false
the day when the two groups
met in battle

Lessons from Battle of


Badr

"victory does not depend on numbers or collecting weapons and shields


- Victory is from Allah.

However, Allah only grants victory to those who believe in Him and put
their complete trust in Him. Allah sent blessing and help to the believers
in the Battle of Badr and made them victorious (Al-Anfaal 8:26

"Arabs were the weakest of the weak, had the toughest life,
the emptiest stomach, the barest skin and the most obvious
misguidance. Those who lived among them lived in misery;
those who died went to the Fire.
When Allah brought Islam, He made it dominant on the
earth and thus bringing provisions and leadership so thank
Him for His favours, for your Lord is One Who bestows
favours and likes praise

It was due to their cowardice that when Abrahah


attacked their most sacred city, Mecca, instead of
resisting demolish the Ka'bah, they evacuated Mecca
and ran away with their wives and children to
mountain tops.

But when they embraced Islam,believed in Allah,


avoided sins and purely followed the teaching of
Allah's Messenger - Allah made t hem the rulers of
the world.

But when the Muslims abandoned the life


of righteousness and adopted sins, Allah,
the Exalted, snatched away His Blessings
from them and they were left to their state
of misery

Today, if we show willingness to sacrifice our wealth and lives for


the sake of Allah, and purely follow the teachings of Allah's
Messenger s.a.w., Allah will remove our hardships and grant us
victory and supremacy over

"Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous
good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the
present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those who before
them, and He will grant them the authority to practice their religion
that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely
give them in exchange security after their fear (provided) they
(believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship)
with Me. But whosoever disbelieves after this, they are the Fasiqun
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah)." [Surah An-Nur 24: 55]

STUDENTS ISLAMIC ORGANISAION OF


INDIA
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