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Labor Relations

and Indusrtial
Relations System
Group C:
Laxmi Belbase
Mamata Thapaliya
Prasanna Dutta
Rasna Shrestha
Roshani Ghimire
Suraksha Koirala

Labor Relations
Labor relations can be defined as
the relationship between labor or
employee
and
the
employer
(Cambridge Dictionary).
Labor relations is the management
specialty emphasizing skills that
managers and union leaders can use
to minimize costly forms of conflict
and to seek win-win solutions to
disagreements.

Labor Relations
Labor relations is combined with the
unionize employment situations.
Labor relations is expecting to study
about relationship of labors in unionize
culture.
Labor relation is a subject of industrial
relations, and social, political and
economic parameters are influencing
to the labor relations too

Actors Of Labor
Relations
the state
the employer (or employers or an
employers association)
trade unions
employees (who may participate or
not in unions and other bodies
affording workers representation)

Labor Relations Process


Logical sequence of four events:
(1)
workers
desire
collective
representation,
(2)
union
begins
its
organizing
campaign,
(3) collective negotiations lead to a
contract, and
(4) the contract is administered

The Labor Relations


Process
Management
and Its
Representatives

(1)
Workers Seek
Collective
Representation

(2)
Union Begins
Organizing
Process

(3)
Collective
Negotiations
Get Contract

Labor and Its


Representatives

Laws and Regulations

(4)
Contract Is
Administered

Industrial Relations
Professor Barnash (1954) defined IR
as Area of study and practice
concerned
with
the
administration
of
the
employment function in modern
public and private enterprise.
This function involves workers,
unions, managers, government
and
various
publics.

Industrial Relations
Industrial relations involve attempts
at arriving at solutions between the
conflicting objectives and values;
between the profit motive and social
gain;
between
discipline
and
freedom, between authority and
industrial
democracy;
between
bargaining and co-operation; and
between conflicting interests of the
individual, the group and the

Industrial Relations
System
One of the significant theories of industrial
labor relations was put forth by John Dunlop
in the 1950s.
According to Dunlop industrial relations
system consists of three agents
management organizations, workers and
formal/informal ways they are organized
and government agencies.
These actors and their organizations are
located within an environment defined in
terms of technology, labor and product
markets, and the distribution of power in

Industrial Relations
System
Within this environment, actors interact with

each
other, negotiate and use economic/political power in
process of determining rules that constitute the
output of the industrial relations system.

He proposed that three partiesemployers, labor


unions, and government-- are the key actors in a
modern industrial relations system.
He also argued that none of these institutions could
act in an autonomous or independent fashion.
Instead they were shaped, at least to some extent,
by their market, technological and political contexts

Industrial Relations
System
Industrial Relations is a social sub
system
subject
to
three
environmental
constraintsthe
markets, distribution of power in
society and technology.
Actors
Employers
Labor Union
Government

Trade Unions
A labor union or trade union is an organization run
by and for workers who have come together to
achieve common goals in fair wages and working
conditions.
A trade union is an organization of employees
formed on a continuous basis for the purpose of
securing diverse range of benefits. It is a
continuous association of wage earners for the
purpose of maintaining and improving the
conditions
of
their
working
lives.

Objectives of Trade
Unions

Representation
Negotiation
Voice in decisions affecting workers
Member services
Education and training
Legal assistance
Financial discounts
Welfare benefits

Functions Of Trade Unions

(i) Militant functions


()To achieve higher wages and better working
conditions

()To raise the status of workers as a part of industry

()To protect labors against victimization and injustice

Functions Of Trade Unions


(ii) Fraternal functions

To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of


workers
To generate self confidence among workers
To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers
To provide opportunities for promotion and growth
To protect women workers against discrimination

Importance of Trade
Unions
The existence of a strong and recognized trade
union is a pre-requisite to industrial peace.
Decisions taken through the process of collective
bargaining and negotiations between employer and
unions are more influential.
Trade are helpful in effective communication
between the workers and the management.
They provide the advice and support to ensure that
the differences of opinion do not turn into major
conflicts.
The central function of a trade union is to represent
people at work and protect their interests.

Importance of Trade
Unions
Trade unions help in accelerated pace of
economic development in many ways as follows:
by helping in the recruitment and selection of
workers.
by inculcating discipline among the workforce
by enabling settlement of industrial disputes in a
rational manner
by helping social adjustments. Workers have to adjust
themselves to the new working conditions, the new
rules and policies. Workers coming from different
backgrounds may become disorganized, unsatisfied
and frustrated. Unions help them in such adjustment.

Importance of Trade
Unions
Some
important
responsibilities
of
trade
include:

social
unions

promoting and maintaining national


integration by reducing the number of
industrial disputes
incorporating a sense of corporate social
responsibility in workers
achieving industrial peace

Reasons for Joining


Unions

Greater Bargaining Power


Minimize Discrimination
Sense of Security
Sense of Participation
Sense of Belongingness
Platform for Self Expression
Betterment of Relationships

Refrences
Managing Human Resources, 12e, by
Bohlander/Snell/Sherman 2001
South-Western/Thomson Learning