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Role of Metadata

Why Metadata

Before touches the keyboard by

prominent(superlative) users.
Several questions come to their mind.


What are various data in the data warehouse?

Is there information about unit sale and costs by

How old is the data in the warehouse.
When was the last time fresh data was brought
Are there any summaries by month and product?

Why Meta data


These questions and several more

information are very valid and pertinent.
What are answers? Where are the
answers? Can ur user see the answers?
How easy to get the answers?

What is Meta data?

Metadata in a data warehouse contains

the answer to questions about the data
in the data warehouse.
Keep the answer in a place called the
metadata repository.

Different definitions for


Data about the data.

Table of contents for the data.
Catalog for the data.
Data warehouse roadmap.
Data warehouse directory.
Tongs to handle the data.
The nerve center.

So, what exactly is


It tells u more.
It gives more than the explanation of the
semantics and the syntax.
Describes all the pertinent(relevant) aspect
of the data in the data warehouse.
Pertinent to whom?
The answer is primarily to the user and
also developer and even project team.

Meta data

Why it is important?

Metadata is necessary for using,

building and administering your data

For using the data


Without the metadata support, user

cannot get an information every time
they needed(user create their own ad
hoc report).
Today data warehouses are much larger
in size, wide in scope.
User critically need metadata.

For building the data

Need to know the structure and data
content in the data warehouse.

Mapping and data transformations.

Logical structure of data warehouse

For administering the

data warehouse

Impossible to administer the data

Large no of questions and queries.
Cannot administer without answers for
these questions.
Metadata must address these issues.

List of questions relating

to data warehouse

Who needs metadata?

Without metadata, Datawarehouse is

like such a filling cabinet without
Go through the image column(it address
the our question)

Like a nerve center

Metadata placed in a key position and

enables communication among various

Why metadata is
essential for IT

Development and deployment of data

warehouse is joint effort between users
and IT staff.
Technical issue-IT primarily responsible
design and ongoing administration.
Metadata essential for IT
beginning with the data extraction and
ending with information delivery.
It drives and record the each processes.

Summary list of process in

which metadata is significant
for IT

Data extraction
Data transformation
Data scrubbing
Data staging
Data refreshment
Database design
Query report and design

Automation of DWH

Types by Functional Area

Classify and group in various way-some by

usage and who use it

In the data mart/At the workstation
Bank room/front room

Functional Areas

Data Acquisition
Data stroage
Information delivery

Data Acquisition

DWH process related to following

Data extraction
Data transformation
Data cleaning
Data integration
Data staging

Data aquisition

Data stroage

Data loading
Data archiving
Data management
Use metadata in this area for full data
refresh and load.

Information Delivery

Report generating
Query processing
Complex analysis
Mostly this are meant for end-user.
Metadata recorded in processes of other

two areas.
It also record OLAP-the developer and
administrators are involved in this


It connect business with DWH.

Business users need more than other
Business metadata is like a roadmap.
Tout guide-managers and analysis.

Must describe the contents in plain

language giving information in business
The name of data tables (or) individual

element must not be cryptic.

The data item name-calc_pr_sle.
You need to rename this as calculated-priormonth-sale

Business metadata

Much less structured than technical

Textual documents, spreadsheets, and
even business rules and policies not
written down completely.

Examples of Business
Metadata who Benefits?

Primarily benefits end-users.

Business analysis
Power users
Regular users
Casual users

Senior managers/ junior managers

Technical Metadata

IT staff- Development and Administration

of the data warehouse.
Who Benefits?
Project manager
Data warehouse administrator
Metadata manager
Database administrator
Business analyst
Data quality analyst