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Classification

on

of Towers based

1)No. of
Circuits

a. Single circuits

towers
b. DC/SC towers
c. DC towers
d. MC towers

2)AOD
a)

Suspension/Tangent towers

b)

Small angle towers

c)

Medium angle towers

<2
2 -15
15

-30
d)

Large Angle towers

e)

Dead end towers

30 -60
>60

f)

Transposition towers(4Xarms)

g)

Special towers JC, MC, NB, NBMC

h)

Pole mounted termination towers

i)

Mono poles

132
KV
SC

DC/SC
(B/B)

MC
(B/B)

NB (B/B)

P/D(4.2
)

K(8)

0 (1.3)

R(7.15)

L(8.7)

30
(1.31)

C&D

S(7.75)

M(11.5
)

60
(3.174)

Bot Xarm

Bot

12.283

12.35

12.3

Ht

Xarm ht

Total

Total

27.381

38.46

27.1

Height

height

Note: All in
meters

220
KV
L&T

TSP

M/C

NB

AV/AS

BS

30

CS(8)

Z(17)

60 (3.3)

D(11)
BotXarm Ht

16.85

19.085

17.45

11.79

Total Ht

33.5

38.035

51.4

29

Note: All in mesters

Special towers
NB

MCNB(220KV)

MCNB(132KV)

120m

250m

300m

60

0, 30 & 60
Deg

0, 30 & 60

2.2

5.4

3.936

14

13.1

12.15

Mono pole
180m
0, 30 & 60

Bot Xarm Ht

15.8

JC
For river crossing suspension towers only
Height(

Base

Bot

Wt.

m)

width

Xram(m)

(MT)

(B/B) (m)
Full JC

88.2

12.38

69

32.5

Trunk

72.15

10.4

52.5

28.9

JC

Tower extensions:
+3m
+6m
+9m
+12m
+18m
+25m
+30m

Generally extensions are added to the tower at Bottom section .

Cage Extension is added at cage for dead end towers, the extension
Will be of 3m & 5m

SPANS:

Normal span: 320m for Panther


350m for Zebra and L&T
towers
380m for Moose and TSP
towers
950m for JC
Actual span
Wind span
Weight span:
Left wt. span & Right
wt. span
Equivalent span
Negative span

Erection
a) Setting of
stubs:
Templat
e
Probe setting
B/B & diagonal at Template top
B/B & diagonal at stub top Ram bus shape
Stub cleats with B&N 2 each
Extra cleats to avoid failure of
foundation due

to tower falling.

Threads to bisect
LP&AP
Template height at centre point &
joining of 2 threads

b) After 14 days of curing


Built-up

method:-

This

method

consist

erection of towers member by member.

of

The 4

main leg members of first section of the tower


are first erected and guyed of.

The cross

braces then assembled. For assembling second


section a light gin pole is placed on top of the
corner legs for raising the second section of the
tower. Afterwards the gin pole is shifted to top
of second section leg to raise third section this

Section method :Major sections of the tower are


assembled on the ground and same are
erected as units.
Either mobile crane or gin pole of 10m
long is
used.
Ground
assembly(Proto)
:This method consist of assembling the tower
on ground and erecting it as a complete unit.
The complete tower is assembled in line wise
position to allow Xarms to fitted. After
assembly is completed tower is picked up
from ground with the help of crane and
carried to is location and set on its
foundation.
This method is not is useful when the towers
are large and heavy and the locations are

Helicopter method :In this method the tower is erected in section.


Bottom section is first lifted on to the stub
and then the upper section is lifted and
bolted to first section and the process is
repeated till the tower is erected. Some times
complete assembled tower is raised with the
help of helicopter.

This method is adopted

when approach is impossible.

MS tower parts to Galvanized tower parts


Galvanization Procedure

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Decreasing Bath Hard HCL


Pickling HCL
Rinsing Water
Fluxing Ammonia and Zinc Chloride
Hot plate
Zinc batch
Dychromizing
Finishing & Filling

Galvanization :

oTower parts 86 Microns


oBolt & Nuts - 45 Microns

Tightening of
B&N
The bolts & nuts are used to join the tower parts
The bolts are of 16mm diameter and 20mm diameter
The length of bolts are various from 35mm to 80mm
multiple of 5mm
17.5mm/21.5mm dia hole is provided on tower part
for fixing bolt & nut
Spring washers - 16 x 3.5 mm- to tighten the
bolt&nut
Flat washers 4, 5, 6, 8, 10,20 and 25mm to fill up
gaps between the tower parts
Check for tight of B&N using torque wrench

The threads of bolts projecting out side shall be


punched at 3 positions and do half round
welding to
ensure that nuts are not loosened in course of
time
and avoid theft of angles.
Zinc epoxy painting is applied on welded
portion to
avoid rusting.

Tower verticality :Slenderness Ratio =

1 in 360

Effective length of members / Ra


of gyration

SR gives Resistance of any


member to bending
SR for leg members
Tension members - 350

- 150

Grounding

pipe earthing Tower foot


Resistance<15 ohm

CP earthing - 15 30 m of 7/8 or 7/9


SWG
Explain
galvanized
practice
steelof
wire
coke and salt,
betonite
powder flat of 1.5m length is used &
50x6mm
flat
should be buried at 0.6m below the
ground
level.
Earthing pipe is of 25mm dia, 3050
meters
length GI pipe with holes.

earthing is provided for D leg only


For Railway crossing double earthing
is to be provided.
Normally earth pipe is placed
vertically & in difficult places earth
pipe placed in slant position with prior
approval.
A pit of 300mm dia and 3.2m depth
is excavated to place earth pipes.

Tower Accessories: Danger boards


Number plate
Phase plate
Anti Climbing Device
Step bolts 16x175 mm
Antiperch / Bird guards for suspension towers
Hanger rods

i)

NO TOWER SHALL BE ERECTED ON FOUNDATION BEFORE


10 DAYS AFTER CONCRETING.

ii)

CHECK THE CORRECTNESS OF DIAGONAL AND LEVEL OF


THE STUB OF THE FOUNDATION.

iii)

TOWERS ARE
DRAWING

iv)

ASSEMBLY OF TOWER PARTS SHALL BE MADE AS PER


MARK NUMBER WISE ENGRAVED ON THE TOWER MEMBER
CORRESPONDING TO NUMBER IN THE ERECTION
DRAWING.

v)

SPECIAL CARE SHALL BE TAKEN IN SELECTION OF MARK


NUMBER FOR TRANSVERSE AND LONGITUDINAL FACE OF
THE SQUARE BASE TOWER.

vi)

ANY BUCKLING, DAMAGE TO STEEL MEMBER, DAMAGE TO


GALVANIZING SHALL BE AVOIDED

TO

BE

ERECTED

AS

PER

ERECTION

vii)

NO MEMBER SHALL BE SUBJECTED TO UNDUE STRESS.

viii)

REASON CAN BE:

(i)

DEFECTIVE FABRICATION.

(ii) DEFECTIVE FOUNDATION.


(iii) DEFECTIVE ERECTION METHOD.
viii)

COLLECT MATERIAL FROM STORE TALLYING WITH


BOM.

ix)

PREFERABLY TRANSPORT
COMPLETE SECTION.

x)

THE TOWER MEMBER AT LOCATION SHALL BE KEPT ON


GROUND SERIALLY ACCORDING TO THE NEED FOR
FOLLOWING UP ERECTION SEQUENCE.

COMPLETE

TOWER

OR

DERRICK TYING ROPE


DERRICK
20mm POLY
PROPYLENE
ROPE

CROW BARS

TOWER ERECTION

i)

WHILE LOADING AND UNLOADING THE TOWER PARTS,


CARE
SHOULD
BE
TAKEN
FOR
STACKING
SYSTEMATICALLY.

ii)

HANDLE THE TOWER PARTS CAREFULLY.


HANDLING THEM WEAR SUITABLE GLOVES.

iii)

ESTABLISH CLEAR SIGNAL/COMMUNICATION BETWEEN


THE PERSONS WORKING ON THE TOP AND THE
PEOPLE SUPPLYING TOWER PARTS, WATCHING GUYS
PULLING ETC SPECIAL CARE SHALL BE TAKEN FOR R.C.
TOWER.

iv)

ALL LIFTING TOOLS AND TACKLES SHOULD BE LOAD


TESTED AS PER STANDARD.

WHILE

vi)

ENSURE THE DERRICK USED BEFORE TOWER


ERECTION HAS BEEN CHECKED FOR ADEQUATE
STRENGTH / SIZE.

vii)

KEEP WATCH ON ALL GUYS USED DURING ERECTION


ANY SLIPPAGE/FAILURE IF THE GUY CAN CAUSE
ACCIDENT.

viii)

POLYPROPYLENE ROPE FROM 20MM TO 25MM SIZE


SHOULD BE USED FOR GUYING & LIFTING.

ix)

AFTER 5 OPERATIONS CHECK THE CONDITION OF THE


ROPE. IF WORN OUT THEN REJECT.

xi)

ALL TOWER MEMBERS TO BE FITTED WITH APPROPRIATE


SIZE OF NUTS & BOLTS OF THE SECTION ERECTED BEFORE
THE ERECTION IS TAKEN UP FOR THE NEXT SECTION.

xii)

AVOID ALL TOWER ERECTION IN RAINY DAY.

xiii)

HEAVILY CLOUDY DAYS AVOID ALL TYPE TOWER ERECTION.


STOP TOWER ERECTION OF R.C.TOWER.

xiv)

IN CASE OF HEAVY WIND OR APPROACHING STORM STOP


ALL TOWER ERECTION. EVERY ONE SHOULD BE AWAY FROM
THE TOWER.

xv)

PPE LIKE HELMET, SAFETY BELT OF PROPER QUALITY IS


USED.

xvi)

FOR CLIMBING TOWER USE SAFETY BELT WHICH CAN BE


FITTED TO THE TOWER.

LINE MATERIALS
1.Conductors
Conductor

Amps

Kg/KM

AL59

INVAR

Panther

489

974

734 Amp. Double 30+7/3.0


Panther 0

Zebra

737

1621

930 Amp. Double


Zebra

Moose

840

1998

54+7/3.1
8
54+7/3.5
3

AAAC- Less wt., more sag, & more current carrying capaci

ACSR- More wt., less sag, & less current carrying capacity

I. Total No. of wires = 3N(N+1)+1 ; Where N= No. of layer

Layer

No. of
wires

Total

Centre

1st

2nd

12

19

3rd

18

37

II. Lay Ratio = Lay/OD ; Where OD = Outer


diameter=(2N+1)d;
where d= Dia of single strand

18 wires

10 12

12 wires

12 -14

6 wires

13 -18

2.Earth wire:

Shielding angle 10 30

7/3.66
Weight /KM

7/3.15

575

3. Insulators:

428 Kg/KM

70 KN, 120KN and

160 KN

Voltag Suspensio
e

Angle

132KV

9Nos

10Nos

220KV

13Nos

14Nos

400KV

23Nos

24Nos

1323 = 76.2 KV 80 KV 11 = 8 Nos + 1 extra = 9 Nos


2203 = 127 KV 11 = 12 Nos + 1 extra = 13 Nos

4003 = 230.95 KV 11 = 21 Nos + 1 extra = 22 Nos or Say 2


a) Porcelain Insulators :- Ball and Socket
Long rod
b) SRC Insulators :- Silicon Rubber Composite
FRP rod with sheds, fiber resin plastic rod

Insulator hoisting
Suspension insulators shall be used upto deviations of 2
degrees on all tangent type towers on the line and strain
insulators on all angle type towers.
For ensuring insulation co-ordination the suspension or
tension strings on approach and terminal towers near the
station ends upto a length of 1.5 Km shall be provided with
adjustable arcing horns on tower side and fixed arcing horns
on line side, keeping the arcing gap as may be stipulated by
the Engineer at site.
Insulator strings shall be assembled on the ground. These
shall be cleaned and examined before hoisting.
All
accessories shall be properly fitted.
Those having glazing defects exceeding half centimeter
square shall not be used.

For suspension towers 70 KN insulators are


hoisted
with Aerial rollers. The Aerial rollers are
like single
sleeve pulley .Before hoisting of insulators
the M pins
should be checked thoroughly for their
opening so that the insulation will not

4. SSH for conductor:-

PA rods 11 14 Nos; where

PA= Preformed Armoured Rods

5. STH for conductor 6. DSH for conductor


7. DTH for conductor 8. SSH for earth wire
9. STH for earth wire

10. 4R stock bridge vibration dampers (1.2 1.3


11. MS joint for conductor
12. MS joint for earth wire
13. Repair sleeves

WRONG METHOD

CORRECT METHODS

i)

SELECT CONTINUOUS STRETCH AND STARTING TYPE OF TOWER


FOR STRINGING WITH ADEQUATE CARE.

ii)

PREPARE DRUM SCHEDULE FOR CONDUCTOR WITH CARE TO


REDUCE WASTAGE.

iii)

SELECT PROPERLY THE PLACEMENT SCHEDULE FOR TENSIONER


AND PULLER.

iv)

SELECT THE PLACE CAREFULLY FOR PLACEMENT OF TENSIONER


AND PULLER TAKING SITE CONDITION INTO CONSIDERATION.

v)

CHECK CORRECTNESS OF ERECTED TOWER AS PER DRAWING


AND SPECIFICATION FOR ALL TOWERS.

vi)

CHECK COMPLETION OF EARTHING AND


FOOTING RESISTANCE OF EACH LOCATION.

vii)

ALL TREES ENROUTE THE LINE SHOULD BE CLEARED AND


REMOVED FROM THE TRAVELLING PATH OF CONDUCTOR.

viii)

CERTIFY AFTER VERIFICATION JOINTLY.

RECORD

TOWER

STRINGING
a)Paving out of conductor
b)Rough sag
c)Final tension / stringing

METHOD

SLACK OR LAY OUT METHOD.

PAYING BY TENSIONER PULLER.

T&P required :Tractor/Tensioner


Turn table (5T or 10T)
Conductor socks
Automatic come along clamp for conductor and earth
20mm and 25mm D shackles
Wooden packs
Ground rollers
Aerial rollers
Crowbars
Hacksaw blade
Cutting pliers
Screw driver
Spanners

1. Generally drum lengths are


Panther

2KM

Zebra

1KM

Moose

1KM

Earth wire

2KM

2. Place the conductor drum on TURN TABLE & unwind it.


3. Pull the end of conductor over ground rollers and
passing
through Aerial rollers at suspension towers reach

the
nextup
cutthe
point
using tractor/
4.
Make
endtower
of conductor
to the tensioner.
cut point tower wi
5. Follow the same procedure for balance
conductors and earth wire

Rough sag
T&P required:Rough sag leads
Steel ropes 10mm, 12mm, 15mm and 16mm
Come along clamp (7 bolts)
Slings (20mm)
4 Sheave pulley
2 Sheave pulley
Single Sheave pulley
Manila ropes 12mm, 16mm, 18mm and 20mm
Single and double end socks
Turn buckle
D shakles 20 mm
Dead man 1to 1.2 m

6. By connecting the other end to LEPTY do the rough sag by


pulling with tractor/tensioner and see that conductors
are lifted In all spans by hand height.
LEPTY made with steel rope of 12mm of 200m and
400m lengths with four sheave pulleys on either
end.
7. Common problem is BARD CAGING

Final tension /Stringing


T&P required:1. Leg winch
2. Sag boards
3. 100 MT joint compressor with die sets
suitable for panther, Zebra Moose and
earth wire.
4. Earth wire flat clamps
5. D shackles 16mm/25mm
6. Binoculars
7. Tractor / Tension puller

8. Travelling speed will be 5 8 KM per hour.


9. if speed is low causes swinging of traveler and insulator
hardware and higher speed cause damage.
10. Tension load will be around 2000 2500
Kgs
11. For 3rd crossarm stringing tension will be
500 Kgs
12. For 400 KV pilot wire and tensioner is used. First
pilot wire will be passed through the entire reach with
Tractor. Conductor is winded on Tensioner. Pilot wire is
knotted to conductor. The other end of pilot wire is
connected to Puller.slowly puller load applied and
tensioner is releasing the conductor without any
problem and make up at this with STH. Once paving is
completed again load Tensioner till sag point and
guyed. Then by Lepty and Tractor make marking
and cater the end.

13. Measurement of sag with equal supports use sag


boards
between the two towers of sag span
14. Measurement of sag where supports are at different height
or single spans. Use Dynamo meter for tension readings

15. Sagging section length should not exceed 5KM or 15 spans

16. Physical measurement of ground clearance on roads


and
important places.

DETAIL A
A

STEEL ROPE OF 20MM DIA

BACK FILLED EARTH

1100MM
150MM
300MM
100MM

1.50M LONG ISMB


200

DETAIL A
STEEL ROPE OF 20MM DIA

BACK FILLED EARTH

1100MM
150MM
300MM
100MM

1.50M LONG ISMB


200

SUSPENSION TOWER

TENSION TOWER

SUSPENSION TOWER

Excavated pit for Anchoring of Conductor

40m Approx.

STEEL ROPE OF 20MM DIA

TOOLS & PLANT REQUIRED PER CONDUCTOR

BACK FILLED EARTH


1600MM
250MM
2.00M LONG ISMB 200

DETAIL B

300MM
100MM

1. 20mm dia wire Rope Slings 40m length


- 1 No.
2. 20mm 'D' Shakles
- 2 Nos
3. Come along Clamp (Bolted Type)
- 1 No.
4. 20mm Sling 10m length
- 1 No.
5. Deadmen wood (1000mm-1200mm long)
- 1 No.

STEEL ROPE OF 20MM DIA

NOTE: Sling size = 20mm. Depending upon the


Tension load rope size should be selected
which is dependent on no of conductors
type and the tension applied during the
sagging. Arrangement should be capable
of 1.5 times of the total tension load.

BACK FILLED EARTH


2100MM
250MM
300MM
100MM

2.00M LONG ISMB 200

DETAIL C

HOOK

HOOK

HOOK

STEEL ROPE

STEEL ROPE

BACK FILLED
EARTH

BACK FILLED
EARTH
RAIL PIECE

RAIL PIECE

IMPROPER
GUYING
ARRANGEMENT

PROPER
GUYING
ARRANGEMENT

PROPER
GUYING
ARRANGEMENT

After stringing ensure the following


Any departures from the correct sag in
any span does not exceed 4 percent.
The sag of any conductor does not depart
by more than 3% from the mean sag of all
the conductors in the same span subject of
a maximum of 150mm.

i)

BACK TENSION OF BOTH THE TENSION TOWERS OF SAG SECTION IS MOST


IMPORTANT. PROVIDE BACK TENSION BY PAID OUT CONDUCTOR OF THE NEXT
ADJACENT SECTION OF BOTH TENSION TOWERS.

ii)

BACK TENSION ON THE TOWER WITH GUY WIRE SHOULD BE AVOIDED.

iii)

IF REQUIRED PREPARE A SCHEME AND GOT IT APPROVED BY THE TECHNICAL


CELL.

iv)

GUY WIRE CAPACITY SHOULD BE 1 TIMES OF MAXIMUM TENSION OF THE


CONDUCTORS.

v)

INSPECT THOROUGHLY THE CONDITION OF GUY WIRES BEFORE USED.

vi)

GUY FIXING ANGLE SHOULD BE BETWEEN 45 o TO 50o TO THE VERTICAL.

vii)

GUY BLOCKING ARRANGEMENT SHOULD BE VERY CAREFULLY DONE.

viii)

RESPONSIBLE PERSONS SHOULD BE DEPLOYED DURING ENTIRE SAGGING


OPERATION.

ix)

MEN ON BACK STAY SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH APPROPRIATE WHISTLE AND


COMMUNICATION.

x)

MEN ON BACK STAY SHOULD BE IN CONSTANT TOUCH WITH FINAL SAGGING


PERSON.

xi)

ANY WHISTLE OR COMMUNICATION FROM THE PERSON AT BACK STAY,


STRINGING SHOULD BE STOPPED.

xii)

IF NECESSARY CONDUCTOR SHOULD BE RELEASED TO DE-TENSION.

xiii)

FINAL SAGGING SHOULD BE DONE AS PER APPROVED SAG TENSION CHART.

xiv)

ANY CHANGES IN THE SECTION, SPAN MADE DURING THE CONSTRUCTION THE
SAG TENSION CHART SHOULD BE GOT CORRECTED.

xv)

THE PERSON IN-CHARGE OF FINAL SAGGING SHOULD HAVE COPIES OF FINAL


PROFILES, SAG TENSION CHART, FINAL TOWER SCHEDULE, SAG TEMPLATE,
PROPER RECORDING REGISTER, FORMATS, ALL DRAWINGS OF HARDWARE
AND ACCESSORIES.

xvi)

TWO THERMOMETERS SHOULD BE CLAMPED ON THE TOWER IN ADVANCE ON


THE SAG SPAN.

xvii)

TEMPERATURE SHOULD BE CONSTANTLY MONITORED.

xviii)

NECESSARY CORRECTION OF SAG BOARD SHOULD BE DONE BEFORE FINAL


MARKING OF CONDUCTOR.

xix)

ADEQUATE AND PROPER COMMUNICATION SHOULD BE AVAILABLE AT ALL


POINTS CONTROLLING SAG AND BACK TENSION POINT.

xi)

ALL EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE LOAD TESTED BEFORE FINAL SAGGING


OPERATION PLANNED.

xii)

USE SUITABLE DYNAMOMETERS TO CROSS CHECK SAG, SHORTER SPAN,


HILLY TERRAIN.

xiii)

CHECK CONSTANTLY EVENNESS OF THE BUNDLE CONDUCTOR.

xiv)

KEEP CONSTANT CHECK ON THE MOVEMENT OF AERIAL ROLLER TO


ENSURE INTERMEDIATE SPAN ALSO REACHED TO DESIRED SAG.

xv)

IN CASE ANY CONDUCTOR IS PULLED ABOVE SAG IN THE SAG SPAN


THEN RELEASE BOTH THE CONDUCTORS TO BRING DOWN BELOW SAG
AND BRING EVENNESS AND THEN RE-SAGGED.

xvi)

AVOID FINAL SAGGING IN WINDY DAYS, OTHER WISE ALLOWANCE IS TO


BE GIVEN FOR UPLIFT.

xvii)

ALLOWANCE GIVING IS NOT DESIRABLE SINCE IT DEPENDS ON THE


WIND AND EXPERIENCE.

xviii)

SPECIFIC CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN IN MEASURING FINALLY SAGGED


CONDUCTOR BEFORE CUTTING & COMPRESSING THE DEAD END CLAMP.

i)

KEEP THE CONDUCTOR FINALLY SAGGED FOR 48HRS ON ROLLER.

ii)

AGAIN CHECK THE SAG AND RE-ADJUST IT IF NECESSARY.

iii)

KEEP SUSPENSION STRING ABSOLUTE VERTICAL.

iv)

PLUMB MARK THE CONDUCTOR BEFORE REMOVING ROLLER BY


MEANS OF A PLUMB OR PLUMB MARKER MADE FOR SPECIFIC
PURPOSE.

v)

THEN THE CONDUCTOR SHOULD BE LIFTED BY MEANS OF A


SUITABLE LIFTING DEVICE.

vi)

LIFTING DEVICE MAY CONSIST OF ONE OR TWO HOOKS DEPENDING


UPON NUMBER OF CONDUCTORS.

vii)

AFTER LIFTING THE CONDUCTOR FIX PREFORMED ARMOUR RODS.

viii)

TAKE 2 OR 3 RODS ON EACH SIDE OF THE CENTRE MARK SUCH THAT


THE HAND WILL NOT BE MORE THAN ONE OR TWO PITCH LENGTHS
AWAY FROM THE CENTRE MARK.

ix)

THE CENTRE MARK OF THE RODS SHOULD BE LOCATED AT THE


CENTRE MARK OF THE CONDUCTOR SUPPORT.

x)

APPLY THE RODS BY ROTATING ABOUT CONDUCTOR CONTINUING


FROM 1 OR 2 PITCH LENGTH OF EITHER SIDE OF THE CENTRE.

xi)

FIX ARMOUR ROD APPLYING SPIRAL MOTION OF THE HANDS UNTIL


THEIR ENDS ARE SNAPPED INTO POSITION.

xii)

FIX SUSPENSION STRING OVER ARMOUR ROD THEN RELEASE THE


LOAD.

xiii)

CHECK THE INSULATOR ASSEMBLY IS IN PLUMB.

xiv)

INSTALL VIBRATOR DAMPERS OR SPACER DAMPERS AS PER DRAWING


at 1.2 to 1.3 m

xv)

IF VIBRATION DAMPERS ARE USED THEN FIX THE LINE SPACER


IMMEDIATELY THERE AFTER.

i)

ALLOW THE FINALLY SAGGED CONDUCTOR FOR 48HRS TO TAKE CARE


THE CREEPAGE OR MINOR SAG ERROR DUE TO MOVEMENT OF AERIAL
ROLLER.

ii)

LIFTING DEVICE SHOULD BE FIXED IN SUCH A MANNER SO THAT


LIFTING LOAD IS TRANSFERRED TO TOWER BODY.

iii)

AVOID POINTED LIFTING LOAD ON THE TIP OF CROSS ARM.

iv)

LIFTING HOOK SHOULD HAVE A RUBBER OR NEOPRENE LINING.

v)

MATCH THE CENTRE OF THE ARMOUR ROD WITH CENTRE MARK OF


THE SUSPENSION POINT.

vi)

FIX VIBRATION DAMPERS OR SPACER DAMPER IMMEDIATELY SINCE


THE CONDUCTOR AT FULL LOAD / CRITICAL TENSION.

vii)

FIX LINE SPACER IMMEDIATELY FOR BUNDLE CONDUCTOR TO AVOID


CLASHING OF CONDUCTOR.

i)

MEASURE THE EXACT JUMPER LENGTH REQUIRED FOR


EACH TENSION TOWER.

ii)

CHECK THE JUMPER DEPTH, ANGLE AS GIVEN IN THE


ELECTRICAL CLEARANCE DIAGRAM.

iii)

PRESS THE JUMPER CONE AND FIX ON THE TOWER.

iv)

WHILE FIXING JUMPER THE CONDUCTOR SHOULD BE


EARTHED PREFERABLY ON BOTH THE SIDES.

v)

IN CASE OF BUNDLE CONDUCTOR RIGID SPACER


SHOULD BE FIXED AS PER THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF
MANUFACTURER.

Statutory Inspection
Conductor
S. No. points:
Location No.

Earth wire

Type of tower

Earth wire

Chimney

bonds

Coping

Number plates

Missing bolt &

Danger boards

nuts

Phase plates

HR weld

Step bolt &

Insulators

nuts

Arcing horns

Protection wall

Jumper bolt &

Ground

nuts

clearance

Jumpers

Tree clearance

Vibration

Other remarks