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Work-Life

Balance
What it is
What it is not
How to have more
Presented by Jenny Fleetwood
Work-Life Balance Coordinator
University Human Resources

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Todays Objectives
1. Explore Work-life Balance
2. Assess your personal balance
3. Look at ways to make small but
effective change

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Work-life Balance or Work-Family


Conflict

- Worklife balance is a concept including proper


prioritizing between "work" (career and ambition) and
"lifestyle(health, pleasure, leisure,family and spiritual
development/meditation)
A form of interrole conflict in which the role
pressures from the work and family domains are
mutually incompatible in some respect. That is,
participation in the work (family) role is made more
difficult by virtue of participation in the family (work)
role (Greenhaus & Beutell, 1985, p. 7).

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Work-life Balance What it is not


Work-life balance does not mean that
there must be equal balance across
all aspects of an individuals life
The optimum work-life balance will
not remain static but will vary over
time
The best work-life balance will be
different for each person. There is no
one size fits all in work-life balance
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Work-life Balance Why are we talking


about this??
60s-70s WLB was mainly considered an issue for
working mothers, trying to balance the demands of
their jobs with raising children
80s Structural changes took place. For example,
policies and procedures, along with benefits were
added/changed to support WLB. Maternity leave,
EAPs, flextime, etc. Also in the 80s, men began
concerns around their own work-life
90s Really solidified WLB as an issue that was
vital for everyone (men, women, singles, couples,
parents, non-parents, etc.) Also generational
studies began to show how employees were
making choices about their jobs based on cultures
of companies and their own work-life issues
21st Century More challenging than ever work
load predicts other stressors
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Work-Life Balance Why are we talking


about this??

72% of absenteeism is due to childcare


related issues (US. Dept of Labor)
40% of people caring for elders also have
child care responsibilities (Labor Project for
Working Families, 2000)
Of married couples with children, both are
employed full time 59% of the time(US
Bureau of Labor Statistics , 2013)
Almost two-thirds of American women (62
percent) with a birth in the last year were in
the labor force in 2008 (http
://www.census.gov/)
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Where are you?


Assess and learn
Quiz
Wheel

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Your wheel results


Identify the two areas that youre
most satisfied.
Identify the two areas that youre
least satisfied.

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Reflect on the two areas in which you


are most satisfied.
What do you need do to achieve a higher
level of satisfaction in those areas?
What would change for you if you became
dissatisfied in those areas?
Think of a moment in your life when you felt
completely balanced. What exactly was
happening? What were you doing and how
were others involved? How did you feel?

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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Your responses:
What do you need to say no to in
order to achieve more balance?
What do you need to say yes to in
order to achieve more balance?
What will happen if you dont say yes
or not to these things?
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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Symptoms of Unbalance
Physical:
Headaches, upset stomach, sleep
disturbances, changes in appetite, muscle
tension, fatigue, heart palpitations

Emotional:
Depression, anxiety, irritability, difficulty
making decisions, angry outbursts,
resentment, feelings of powerlessness

Personal:
Lost time with friends and loved ones, job
burnout, isolation stopping social activities,
relationship loss/difficulties, self medicating

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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What are YOUR Barriers to


Balance??
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Time
I should
Feeling guilty
Climbing the ladder
Failure to set limits
Cant say no
Comparing
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Strategies to Improve Balance


Understand some things are beyond your control to
change
Take action to reduce or remove the stressor
Break problems down into smaller more manageable
pieces
Take a time management course
Replace negative relationships with positive ones
Adopt self care practices
Develop outside activities hobbies, social events,
education, etc
Seek advice from others
Commit to the notion that managing stress is a
permanent and ongoing activity
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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Strategies to Improve Balance


Learn to say no
Leave work at work
Track your time
Identify options at work and take
advantage of them
Bolster your support system or
ASK FOR HELP
Know when to seek professional
help (Contact IUEAP)
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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Beliefs that keep us stuck


Suffering from stress is a weakness
Keeping stress to yourself is the best
approach
Other people or situations are to
blame for your stress and imbalance
Cutting back or eliminating social,
sporting, or personal interests will
restore balance
Believing that there is a single solution

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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Back to basics
Breathe
Walk, move
Eat, drink, sleep
Plan an unplanned day
Do the unexpected
Connect with someone
you wouldnt
Connect with someone
important to you
Play

Ask for what you need


Laugh, giggle, chuckle, chortle
Enlist a balance team (massage
therapist, manicurist, spa, friend)
Leave town
Electronic fast
Slow down
Remember what is important
Disregard what is unimportant
Use your influence

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Review
WLB is your definition of how to be a harmoniously integrated whole
Its an issue today because of how the nature of work and family have changed over
time
You and your WLB will not be perfect, its a constant dance and takes work
Only you can set your priorities and boundaries to shape your life
Re-evaluate often
Pay attention to your indicators of stress (symptoms of unbalance)
Know your own barriers to balance your unique tendencies (e.g. guilt)
Do something different
Ask for help
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Remember
IU offers resources, your
community offers resources to
help.
You have to ask for help.
You have to make changes.
No one can do it for you.

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Ask for help!

Jenny Fleetwood
jerfleet@iu.edu
hr.iu.edu/worklife
812.855.7903

INDIANA UNIVERSITY

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