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What is Oracle Discoverer?

Oracle Discoverer is a business

intelligence toolset that comprises:
Oracle Discoverer Administrator

Oracle AS Discoverer Plus

Oracle AS Discoverer Viewer
Oracle Discoverer Desktop

Discoverer Components

What Is Oracle Discoverer


Discoverer Administrator is a tool to hide the

complexity of the database from business users, so
they can answer business questions quickly and
accurately using Oracle Discoverer.
Discoverer Administrators wizard-style interfaces
enable you to:
set up and maintain the End User Layer (EUL)

control access to information

create conditions and calculations for Discoverer end
users to include in their worksheets

Users of Discoverer Administrator are called

Discoverer managers.

What is our Role as

Discoverer Mgr?
As a Discoverer manager, you are
responsible for:
the initial implementation of the
Discoverer system
the ongoing administration and
maintenance of the Discoverer system

Basic Concepts Of
Discoverer Mgr?
"What is business intelligence?"

"What are relational databases, OLTP

and data warehouses?"
"What are the fundamental concepts
behind a Discoverer system?"
"How does Discoverer work?"

What Is Business
Business intelligence is the ability to
analyze data to answer business
questions and predict future trends.
Oracle Discoverer is a great
business intelligence tool because it
enables users to analyze data in an
ad hoc way.

What are RDBMS,OLTP,

A relational database stores data in
tables that are composed of rows and
columns that contain data values.
A typical RDBMS is designed for online
transaction processing (OLTP).
An OLTP system contains the information
that a business uses on a day-to-day


Data warehouse design is primarily

concerned with getting data out of an
The information in a data warehouse is
typically subject-oriented, historical, and
Oracle Discoverer provides business
users with data analysis capabilities,
regardless of whether the RDBMS was

Concepts Behind
Discoverer System
"Introducing the End User Layer"


business areas"
folders and items"
workbooks and
hierarchies and drills"
summary folders"

End User Layer (EUL)

The End User Layer (EUL) insulates Discoverer
end users from the complexity and physical
structure of the database.
The EUL provides an intuitive, businessfocused view of the database that you can tailor
to suit each Discoverer end user or user group.
The EUL enables Discoverer end users to focus
on business issues instead of data access
The metalayer structure of the EUL preserves
the data integrity of the database.

EUL Contd
The EUL is a collection of approximately
50 tables in the database. These are the
only tables that can be used through
Discoverer Administrator.
Business areas are defined in Discoverer
Administrator using the EUL database
Discoverer provides read-only access to
the application database.

Business Area
Business areas are defined in Discoverer
Administrator using the EUL database
Using Discoverer Administrator, you create
one or more business areas as containers
of related information.
Having created a business area, you load
the database tables containing the related
information into that business area.

Folders and Items

The tables and views you load
into a business area are
presented to Discoverer end
users as folders.
The columns within a table or
view are presented as items.

Workbooks And Worksheets

A workbook is a collection of Discoverer
Workbooks are essentially documents
containing query definitions.
Discoverer end users can store their
workbooks centrally in the database.
Worksheets contain the data that you
want to analyze, together with a
number of Discoverer components to
help you analyze the data.

Hierarchies And Drills

Hierarchies are logical relationships b/n items
that enable users to drill up and down to
view information in more or less detail.
drill down to see more detail about a
particular piece of information.
drill up to see how the detail data
contributes to information at a higher
When you load tables into a business area,
Discoverer automatically creates default
date hierarchies for date items.

Summary Folders
A Discoverer folder is a representation of
result set data.
Summary folders are a representation of
queried data that has been saved for
You create summary folders with
Discoverer Administrator to improve query
response time for end users.
The response time of a query is improved
because the query accesses preaggregated and pre-joined data rather
than accessing the database tables.

How does Discoverer Work?

When a user creates or opens a worksheet,
converts the worksheet into the corresponding SQL
statements (e.g. by
converting folder names and item names to table
names and column names respectively)
sends the SQL statements to the database displays
the result set that is returned from the database

In the case of Discoverer Plus and Discoverer

Viewer, the SQL statements are routed to the
database via Discoverer processes running on
an application server machine.

Steps for sucful impn of


New Features In Discoverer

SQL Optimization and the New Join Wizard
- To improve query performance,
Discoverer now optimizes the SQL that it
Heterogeneous Data Services - Discoverer
users can now take advantage of generic
connectivity (a mechanism supported by
the Oracle database
Heterogeneous Services) to access ODBC
or OLE DB (object linking and embedding
database) databases.

Getting Started With Discoverer


Work Area
The Work area is your view into the EUL. The
Work area is where you maintain the EUL by
creating and editing:
business areas and folders
item classes
summary folders

The Work area window is

displayed within the Discoverer
Administrator main window.
You can open more than one
Work area window at a time, which
is useful when you want to copy
objects between business areas.
Note however that all Work area
windows contain the same

About Tabs In Work AREA

Data Tab
Item Classes Tab
Hierarchies Tab
Summaries Tab

Data Tab
The Data tab displays the structure and content
of each business area. The Data tab enables
you to:

calculated items
create complex folders
create joins
create conditions
create new business areas, folders,
and items
modify object properties

Hierarchies Tab
The Hierarchies tab displays the hierarchies within
each business area. The Hierarchies tab enables
you to:

new hierarchies

review the content and organization of

existing hierarchies
view the hierarchy templates supplied with
Discoverer Administrator
The Show button on the Hierarchies tab
enables you to specify the hierarchies that
are displayed.

Item Classes Tab

The Item Classes tab displays the item classes
within each business area. The Item Classes tab
enables you to:
create new item classes
view the list of values associated with an item
view items that use each item class
identify the item classes that have drill to
detail and alternative sort attributes, and
whether those options are active

Summaries Tab
The Summaries tab displays the summary
folders within each business area. The
Summaries tab enables you to:

create new summary folders

review the organization and
definition of summary folders
refresh summary folders

Administrator Task list

Use the Administration Task

list in two ways:
as a reminder of the basic
steps involved in preparing a
business area
as a shortcut method of
displaying the dialogs
associated with the listed

Retrieving Rows and Counting the
Number of Rows
Creating Parameters
Creating Calculations
Creating Advanced Conditions
Setting Options
Using Command Line Options
Importing SQL

Components Of Discoverer



a. Tool Bar
b. Analysis Bar
c. Formatting Bar
d. Page Axis
e. Top Axis
f. Left Axis
g. Data Points
h. Worksheet Tabs
i. Tab Scroll Buttons
j. Page Scroll Bar (Horizontal)
k. Page Scroll Bar (Vertical)

Types of Display

Page-Detail Table
Cross tab
Page-Detail Cross tab

Table Layout
The most familiar layout for data, a table, lists data in rows
and columns.

Table Layout with page

A table layout with page details is a table with multiple pages
of data, where each page shows various portions of the
data in detail.

Cross Tab Layout

A cross tab, short for cross-tabulation,
relates two different sets of data and
summarizes their interrelationship in terms of
a third set of data.
Every cross tab has at least three dimensions
of datarows, columns, and data points.
But in Discoverer, cross tabs can show the
interrelationships between many dimensions
of data on the various axes.
A cross tab layout has three axes: side axis,
top axis and page axis.

Work with Discoverer

Pivoting data is how you move the data from one
axis to another to arrange it for efficient analysis.
For example, you can pivot data from the body of
the table or cross tab to the page axis and back
again to see new data relationships.
One way to think about pivoting data is to
visualize the data plotted on a graph, and then
switching data from the x-axis to the y-axis.

Drilling into data shows more details about the
data. Drilling out of data (or collapsing)
consolidates the data for a broader overview.

Sorting arranges text data in
alphabetical order and numeric data in
numerical order.
Creating an ordered list of customers,
or employees, or product part numbers
are typical uses of sorting.

Reporting Results
Preparing reports for printing and
Sending reports with e-mail
Exporting to other applications
Producing scheduled reports
Sharing worksheets

Discoverer Plus
Discoverer Plus is a business intelligence (BI)
analysis tool that works over the Internet.
If you are already familiar with Discoverer
Desktop, you will recognize many Discoverer
Plus features.
The two versions are compatible and you can
share work between them.
Discoverer Plus is the Internet version of the
award-winning Windows product, Discoverer
It is developed by using Java Applets

Discoverer Viewer
Discoverer Viewer is a business
intelligence (BI) analysis tool that works
over the Internet.
Discoverer Viewer is used to analyze
the data and for creating the charts
It has been provided as an URL to
access in oracle applications
It is developed by XML/XSL style