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Linguistic and Non-linguistic


What is Linguistics?
The scientific study and analysis of human
language, consisting of or related to

What is Non-linguistic?
The imagery mode is expressed as mental
pictures and physical sensations such as
smell, taste, touch, kinesthetic association,
and sound.

Linguistic vs Non-linguistic
Dual Coding Theory
(Paivio, 1969, 1971, 1990)

Linguistic (language form)

Non-linguistic (imagery form)

talk to students about new

have them read about new
students left on their own
to generate mental imagery
of new content

enhances students ability

to represent and elaborate
on knowledge using mental
pictures or physical
sensations (i.e., smell, taste,
touch, movement, or sound).

Linguistic form

The cat is on the mat.

Non-linguistic form

Linguistic representation
Linguistic representation is word-based means
of thinking about and recalling knowledge
related to words.

Nonlinguistic Representation
Nonlinguistic representation is expression
using images, sound, touch and

Graphic organizers
Make Physical Models
Generate Mental Pictures
Draw Pictures and Pictographs
Engage in Kinesthetic Activity

Part of linguistics
The part of linguistics that is concerned with the structure
of language is divided into a number of subfields:
Phonetics - the study of speech sounds in their physical
Phonology - the study of speech sounds in their cognitive
Morphology - the study of the formation of words
Syntax - the study of the formation of sentences
Semantics - the study of meaning
Pragmatics - the study of language use

Aside from language structure, other perspectives on

language are represented in specialized or interdisciplinary

Historical Linguistics
Ethnolinguistics (or Anthropological
Computational Linguistics
Psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics

Patterns of nonlinguistic
Descriptive Patterns
Process/CauseEffect Patterns

Episode Patterns
Principle Patterns
Concept Patterns

The benefits of linguistics

Studying linguistics not only teaches you about
languages, but also improves practical and
intellectual skills.

Teamwork skills
Critical thinking and analytical skills
Written and oral communication
Information literacy
Logical reasoning
Creativity and innovation

The benefits of non-linguistic

These benefits include
^Endless uses
^Highly personalized
^Reflect individual thinking
^Improves memory
^Facilitates creativity
^Increases retention

Thank You