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Rationality of

Charaka Indriya-sthana

at present scenario
Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
Keynote address delivered at CAME on Rationale of Indriyasthan
in Modern era on 25-04-2014 at MHACH&RC

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Introduction
Charaka Samhita one of three major treatise
followed in Ayurveda described in 8 sections
Belongs to 14000 years old i.e. based on event of
Ramayana

Astronomical references
Ecological references
Remote Sensing pictures
Oceanographic reports
Paleo-botanical research
Archaeological excavations
Anthropological research reports

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Astrologically, another important landmark is the


initiation of Medicine on Pushyami star day.
Pre Ramayana periods used to calculate the
Zodiac from Pushyami and it is said as the new
year start.
Today we fixed the Ashwini and Chaitra as the
New Year day and celebrate as Yugadi.
Ayurveda even today practices Pumsavana, etc,
auspicious medicinal distribution on Pushyami
star day.
It is evidential that the Ayurveda belongs to preRamayan era.
See www.technoayurveda.com for further details

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Indriya Sthana
Indriya sthana is described after Shareera and
before affirming Chikitsa in 12 chapters.
The Indriya means
rista (indriyam ristam) = lingam
Avyakta lingam (unexpressive symptom)
Sadhya Sadhaka hetu

The main motto of this section is


To determine the disease prognosis
To understand the complications of the disease
Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

What does the 12 chapters say?


1)

Varna swariyam
colour, Speech
2) Pushpitaka
smell, taste
3) Parimarsha
touch
4) Indriyaaneeka
senses
5) Poorvaroopeeya
pre-disease symptoms
6) Katamaani
bad prognostic condition

7) Pannaroopeeya
eye (pupil) examination
8) Avakshirashiya
prognostic symptoms
9) Yasya Shyavanitteya
eye examination
10) Sadyomaraneeya
symptoms of death
11) Anujyoteeya
eye examination
12) Gomayachurneeya
symptoms of death

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Rationality in 21st C
An old prognostic observational documentations
of Charaka in 12 chapters are not fit to the
present circumstances and becomes the
History
History is not considered as Science
The clinical observations based on the past
exampling are to be omitted
The applicable and expandable areas of
Charaka is re-explained with relevance and
reference to present circumstances
Examples of rationality observed are Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

How to examine a patient?


Ayurveda describes many methods of
examinations in different occasions.
The Symptoms of Prognosis to evaluate the
Expected death time is through the Rista
pareeksha
It examines the patient for

Indriya Indriyartha
Manas Buddhi Suchi
Swabhava (Shareera, Ahara & Achara)
Upasthambha (Swapna, Ahara & Brahmacharya)
Vyadhi (Upaya & Apaya) Nidana Panchaka
Sthaana Doota (messenger) Aushadha, etc.

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Prognostic Examination protocol


Patient

Ashraya (associative)
Examined by Pratyaksha &
Anumana

Anashraya (Non-associative)
Examined by Aptopadesha

6 types Jaati, Kula, Desha,


Prakruti
(Demographic data) Kaala, Vayah & Pratyatma

Vikruti
(Disease data)

3 types Lakshana Nimitta, Lakshya


Nimitta & Nimittaanuroopa

See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Jati (racial ) Prakruti


Jati - the racial problems which are
constituted in particular, viz. Caucasoid,
Mongolian, etc
HIV and AIDS continue to affect women in
racial/ethnic minorities and lower
socioeconomic classes disproportionately.
Caucasians are affected much more
commonly than members of other racial
groups for pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Kula (occupation) Prakruti


Olden days specifications of skilled
workers / workgroup categorized as the
caste Kula (occupation)
Present day occupational disorders occupational asthma, carpal tunnel syndrome,
and carbon monoxide poisoning, etc.

See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Desha (geographical) Prakruti


Desha refer to the country of born and
living i.e. geographical considerations of
individuals.
Allele frequencies vary among ethnic groups
and geographical regions. Heterozygous
mutations in the CFTR gene are relatively
common in populations of European origin but
are rare in the African population.
See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Kaala (season) Prakruti


Kaala the season and circadian rhythmus
influences the human by all means and always.
Seasonal changes, the daily occurrence of the lightdark cycle, sleep, meals, and stress are examples of
the many environmental events that affect hormonal
rhythms.
Angina pectoris may be atypical in location and may
not be strictly related to provoking factors. Its
occurrence can be seasonal, being more frequent in
the winter in temperate climates.
See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Vaya (age) Prakruti


Vaya is Age - relations in the pathological
manifestations that occur specifically.
Susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss or
age related hearing loss (presbycusis) may
also be genetically determined.
As in the case for streptococcal sore throat,
acute rheumatic fever most often occurs in
children; the peak age-related incidence is
between 5 and 15 years.
See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Pratyatma Niyata (genotic)


Pratyatma Niyata has to understand it as a
fundamental (genetical) physiological
constitution which is based upon the
genes of the individual.
These individuals have either normal or
above-average stature, owing to failure of
estrogen-mediated epiphyseal closure in
the presence of a normal chromosomal
constitution.
See Introduction to Evidence Based Panchakarma for further reading

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Sleep (Nidra)
Sleep is the index of health
Charaka classifieds 7 types of sleep
Drusta
Shruta
Anubhoota
Prardhita
Kalpita
Bhavita
Doshaja
Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Chaya (complexion)
Chaya & Varna are associative of Prabha
(luminaries)
Luminaries is dependent on Agni
Panchabhoota interpretation / attribution in
Ayurveda is fundamental expression. They are

Akasha
Vayu hazardous
Teja
Jala
Pruthvi

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Gomaya churna
A person who have dust resembling cowdung on his head will die in a month
Explanation: (dict) powdery deposits on the
skin, especially the face, of urea and uric acid
salts due to excretion of nitrogenous
compounds in the sweat; seen in severe
uremia
The complex of symptoms due to severe persisting
renal failure that can be relieved by dialysis if not
patient will die.
Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Conclusion
Many explanations can be made from the
ancient historical observations
Most of the symptoms dealt in Charaka Indriya
are as bad prognosis discussed belongs to

Examination of Eye
Colour & complexion
Audible sounds & speech
Symptoms of Death
Omens & Messenger
they require re-emphasis as many symptoms of that
time are manageable at present

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario

Sarwe janah santu niramaya


Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

Rationality of Charaka Indriya-sthana at present scenario


When I did not follow the Prognostic tools

Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

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