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Battery electric vehicle

Hybrid electric vehicles

Fuel cell vehicle
Hybrid Fuel cell vehicles
Fuel cell EVs
Solar Vehicles
Hybrid gas turbine Evs
Nuclear concept vehicles



electric vehicle(EV) that uses chemical
inrechargeable battery
useelectric motorsand
motor controllersinstead
internal combustion engines(ICEs)
Abattery-only electric vehicleorallelectric vehiclederives all its power
from its battery packs and thus has no
internal combustion engine,fuel cell, or
fuel tank. BEVs include bicycles, scooters,
rail cars, forklifts, buses, trucks and cars.

AHybrid electric vehicle(HEV)

is a type ofhybrid vehicleandelectric vehicle
internal combustion engine(ICE)propulsion
system with anelectricpropulsion system (
Hybrid vehicle drivetrain). The presence of the
electric powertrain is intended to achieve either
betterfuel economythan aconventional vehicle
or better performance. There are a variety of
HEV types, and the degree to which they
function as EVs varies as well. The most
common form of HEV is the hybrid electric car,
although hybrid electric trucks (pickups and
tractors) and buses also exist.


cell vehicle(FCV)

orfuel cell
electric vehicle(FCEV) is a type ofvehiclewhich uses a
fuel cellto power its on-board electric motor. Fuel cells in
vehicles create electricity to power anelectric motor,
generally usingoxygenfrom the air andhydrogen. A fuel
cell vehicle that is fueled with hydrogen emits only water
and heat, but no tailpipe pollutants, therefore it is
considered aZero Emission Vehicle. Depending on the
process, however, producing the hydrogen used in the
vehicle creates pollutants. Fuel cells have been used in
various kinds of vehicles including forklifts, especially in
indoor applications where their clean emissions are
important to air quality, and in space applications.
Commercial production fuel cell automobiles are currently
being deployed in California by two auto manufacturers,
with additional manufacturers planning to enter the
market. Furthermore, fuel cells are being developed and
tested in buses, boats, motorcycles and bicycles, among
other kinds of vehicles.



anelectric vehicle
powered completely or significantly by direct
solar energy.
contained insolar panelsconvert thesun's energy
directly intoelectric energy. The term "solar
vehicle" usually implies that solar energy is used to
power all or part of a vehicle'spropulsion.
Solar powermay be also used to provide power for
communications or controls or other auxiliary
Solar vehicles are not sold as practical day-to-day
transportation devices at present, but are primarily
demonstration vehicles and engineering exercises,
often sponsored by government agencies. However,
indirectly solar-charged vehicles are widespread
andsolar boatsare available commercially.

Gas turbines are super efficient with low

torque. Electric motors have tremendous
torque and efficiency but batteries have low
range. This seems an ideal match for a turbine
driven generator feeding an electric motor

TheFord Nucleonwas a scale model

concept cardeveloped byFord Motor
Companyin 1958 as a design on how
anuclear-powered carmight look. The
design did not include aninternalcombustion engine; rather, the vehicle
was to be powered by a smallnuclear
reactorin the rear of the vehicle, based
on the assumption that this would one
day be possible by reducing sizes.